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The economic effects of labour immigration in developing countries: A literature review

Listed author(s):
  • Marcus H. Böhme

    (OECD)

  • Sarah Kups

    (OECD)

This paper reviews existing theoretical and empirical evidence on the economic effects of immigration in developing countries. Specifically, it discusses how immigration may affect labour market, entrepreneurship, human capital, productivity, economic growth, the exchange rate, trade, prices, public finance and public goods in host countries. As the majority of the relevant literature has traditionally focused on the experience of high-income countries, the review highlights the unique context of developing countries and elaborates how outcomes may be similar or differ in low and middle-income countries. A general conclusion is that the economic effects of immigration to developing countries, a numerically important phenomenon, warrants additional theoretical and empirical research. Cet article analyse les preuves théoriques et empiriques existantes sur les effets économiques de l'immigration dans les pays en développement. Plus précisément, il explique comment, dans un pays d’accueil, l'immigration peut avoir un impact sur le marché du travail, l'esprit d'entreprise, le capital humain, la productivité, la croissance économique, les taux de change, le commerce, les prix, les finances publiques et les biens publics. Comme la majorité de la littérature pertinente a toujours été axée sur l'expérience des pays à revenu élevé ; cette fois-ci, l’examen met en avant le contexte privilégié des pays en développement et détaille de quelle manière les résultats peuvent être semblables ou différents dans les pays à revenu faible et intermédiaire. En conclusion, les effets économiques de l'immigration sur les pays en développement, un phénomène important si l’on en croit les chiffres, nécessiterait d’effectuer des recherches théoriques et empiriques supplémentaires.

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