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Migration and the Demographic Shift

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  • Zaiceva, Anzelika

    (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    (University of Bonn)

Abstract

This chapter connects population aging with international migration. After documenting the trends for both, we review the supply-push and demand-pull determinants of migration, focusing particularly on the role of age and aging. We subsequently discuss the literature concerning the implications of migration in the context of aging for labor markets, health and public budgets including the political economy context. Although immigration is sometimes suggested as a solution for the aging problem, the existing academic literature from different fields is more cautious about its role and potential. While large-scale selective immigration might contribute to alleviating demographic pressures, it is unlikely that immigration will increase to the unrealistically large numbers needed.

Suggested Citation

  • Zaiceva, Anzelika & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2014. "Migration and the Demographic Shift," IZA Discussion Papers 8743, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8743
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    1. Graziella Bertocchi & Marianna Brunetti & Anzelika Zaiceva, 2023. "The Financial Decisions of Immigrant and Native Households: Evidence from Italy," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 9(1), pages 117-174, March.
    2. Matteo Cervellati & Uwe Sunde & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2017. "Demographic dynamics and long-run development: insights for the secular stagnation debate," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 30(2), pages 401-432, April.
    3. Razin, Assaf & Schwemmer, Alexander, 2020. "Ageing-Driven Migration and Redistribution: Comparing Policy Regimes," CEPR Discussion Papers 14574, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Hinte, Holger & Rinne, Ulf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2015. "Flüchtlinge in Deutschland: Realismus statt Illusionen," IZA Standpunkte 83, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Dr. Lucas Marc Fuhrer & Nils Herger, 2021. "Real interest rates and demographic developments across generations: A panel-data analysis over two centuries," Working Papers 2021-07, Swiss National Bank.
    6. Baerlocher, Diogo & Parente, Stephen L. & Rios-Neto, Eduardo, 2019. "Economic effects of demographic dividend in Brazilian regions," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 14(C).
    7. Nachatter Singh Garha & Alda Botelho Azevedo, 2021. "Population and Housing (Mis)match in Lisbon, 1981–2018. A Challenge for an Aging Society," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 10(3), pages 1-18, March.
    8. Ahmad Wali Ahmad-Yar & Tuba Bircan, 2021. "Anatomy of a Misfit: International Migration Statistics," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(7), pages 1-22, April.
    9. Ana Lucia Abeliansky & Holger Strulik, 2023. "Health and aging before and after retirement," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 36(4), pages 2825-2855, October.
    10. Lucas Fuhrer & Nils Herger, 2022. "Real interest rates and population growth across generations," Working Papers 22.04, Swiss National Bank, Study Center Gerzensee.
    11. Tekin AKGEYİK, 2018. "Bölgeler Arası Göçün Yaşlanmaya Etkisi: TÜİK İBB2 Verileri Üzerine Ampirik Bir Araştırma," Journal of Social Policy Conferences, Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 0(75), pages 69-91, December.
    12. Besart Avdiu, 2018. "The Effect of Attitudes toward Migrants on Migrant Skill Composition," LIS Working papers 718, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    13. Besart Avdiu, 2018. "The Effect of Attitudes toward Migrants on Migrant Skill Composition," CESifo Working Paper Series 6919, CESifo.
    14. Jing Jiang & Xiaoqing Zhang & Caihong Huang, 2022. "Influence of Population Agglomeration on Urban Economic Resilience in China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(16), pages 1-19, August.
    15. Graziella Bertocchi & Marianna Brunetti & Anzelika Zaiceva, 2018. "The Financial Decisions of Immigrant and Native Households: Evidence from Italy," Department of Economics 0138, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    elderly migration; demographic pressures; migration; aging; attitudes towards migration; political economy of immigration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F66 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Labor
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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