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Migration and the Demographic Shift

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  • Zaiceva, Anzelika

    () (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    (University of Bonn)

Abstract

This chapter connects population aging with international migration. After documenting the trends for both, we review the supply-push and demand-pull determinants of migration, focusing particularly on the role of age and aging. We subsequently discuss the literature concerning the implications of migration in the context of aging for labor markets, health and public budgets including the political economy context. Although immigration is sometimes suggested as a solution for the aging problem, the existing academic literature from different fields is more cautious about its role and potential. While large-scale selective immigration might contribute to alleviating demographic pressures, it is unlikely that immigration will increase to the unrealistically large numbers needed.

Suggested Citation

  • Zaiceva, Anzelika & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2014. "Migration and the Demographic Shift," IZA Discussion Papers 8743, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8743
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    Cited by:

    1. Hinte, Holger & Rinne, Ulf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2015. "Flüchtlinge in Deutschland: Realismus statt Illusionen," IZA Standpunkte 83, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Besart Avdiu, 2018. "The Effect of Attitudes toward Migrants on Migrant Skill Composition," LIS Working papers 718, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    3. Besart Avdiu, 2018. "The Effect of Attitudes toward Migrants on Migrant Skill Composition," CESifo Working Paper Series 6919, CESifo Group Munich.

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    Keywords

    elderly migration; demographic pressures; migration; aging; attitudes towards migration; political economy of immigration;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F66 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Labor
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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