Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
IZA World of Labor
- 313-313 Can diversity encourage entrepreneurship in transition economies?
by Elena Nikolova
- 323-323 Gender differences in wages and leadership
by Mario Macis
- 326-326 Maximum likelihood and economic modeling
by Gauthier Lanot
- 328-328 Should agricultural employment in transition economies be encouraged?
by Zvi Lerman
- 329-329 Are overhead costs a good guide for charitable giving?
by Jonathan Meer
- 330-330 Foreign direct investment and employment in transition economies
by Saul Estrin
- 331-331 The economics of employment tribunals
by Paul Latreille
- 332-332 The effects of public sector employment on the economy
by Vincenzo Caponi
- 333-333 Can firms oversee more workers with fewer managers?
by Valerie Smeets
- 334-334 Do institutions matter for entrepreneurial development?
by Ruta Aidis
- 335-335 Does religiosity explain economic outcomes?
by Olga Popova
- 336-336 Using linear regression to establish empirical relationships
by Marno Verbeek
- 337-337 How does grandparent childcare affect labor supply?
by Giulio Zanella
- 338-338 Upgrading technology in Central and Eastern European economies
by Slavo Radosevic
- 339-339 Skills or jobs: Which comes first?
by Jesko Hentschel
- 341-341 Does broadband infrastructure boost employment?
by Oliver Falck
- 342-342 Does homeownership affect education outcomes?
by Stephen Whelan
- 343-343 For long-term economic development, only skills matter
by Eric Hanushek
- 344-344 How is new technology changing job design?
by Michael Gibbs
- 345-345 Do payroll tax cuts boost formal jobs in developing countries?
by Carmen Pagés
- 346-346 Climate change, natural disasters, and migration
by Linguère Mously Mbaye
- 347-347 Identifying and measuring economic discrimination
by Sergio Pinheiro Firpo
- 348-348 How effective is compulsory schooling as a policy instrument?
by Colm P. Harmon
- 349-349 Is teacher certification an effective tool for developing countries?
by Todd Pugatch
- 350-350 Microfinance and rural non-farm employment in developing countries
by Shyamal Chowdhury
- 351-351 The changing nature of jobs in Central and Eastern Europe
by Piotr Lewandowski
- 352-352 The need for and use of panel data
by Hans-Jürgen Andreß
- 353-353 Female poverty and intrahousehold inequality in transition economies
by Luca Piccoli
- 354-354 Measuring flows of international migration
by James Raymer
- 355-355 Do firms’ wage-setting powers increase during recessions?
by Todd A. Sorensen
- 356-356 Multiple job-holding: Career pathway or dire straits?
by Konstantinos Pouliakas
- 357-357 The happiness gap between transition and non-transition countries
by Ekaterina Skoglund
- 358-358 Gender differences in corporate hierarchies
by Antti Kauhanen
- 359-359 Motherhood wage penalty may affect pronatalist policies
by Olena Y. Nizalova
- 360-360 Do trade unions in Central and Eastern Europe make a difference?
by Iga Magda
- 361-361 The labor market in the US, 2000–2016
by Daniel S. Hamermesh
- 362-362 Multitasking at work: Do firms get what they pay for?
by Ann P. Bartel
- 363-363 Air pollution and worker productivity
by Matthew Neidell
- 364-364 International trade and economic insecurity
by Mine Z. Senses
- 365-365 Racial wage differentials in developed countries
by Simonetta Longhi
- 366-366 Does education strengthen the life skills of adolescents?
by Stefanie Schurer
- 367-367 Relative pay, effort, and labor supply
by Anat Bracha
- 369-369 The value of hiring through employee referrals in developed countries
by Mitchell Hoffman
- 370-370 How do candidates’ looks affect their election chances?
by Panu Poutvaara
- 372-372 Relative deprivation in the labor market
by Paolo Verme
- 100-100 Gender differences in risk attitudes
by Antonio Filippin
- 200-200 Start-up subsidies for the unemployed: Opportunities and limitations
by Marco Caliendo
- 220-220 Feminization of migration and trends in remittances
by Maelan Le Goff
- 222-222 Wage coordination in new and old EU member states
by Riccardo Rovelli
- 223-223 Should firms allow workers to choose their own wage?
by Gary Charness
- 225-225 Profit sharing: Consequences for workers
by Tony Fang
- 226-226 Can “happiness data” help evaluate economic policies?
by Robert MacCulloch
- 227-227 Income contingent loans in higher education financing
by Bruce Chapman
- 228-228 Female education and its impact on fertility
by Jungho Kim
- 229-229 What is the economic value of literacy and numeracy?
by Anna Vignoles
- 230-230 Working-time autonomy as a management practice
by Michael Beckmann
- 231-231 Parental employment and children’s academic achievement
by Hannah Schildberg-Hörisch
- 232-232 Do skills matter for wage inequality?
by Stijn Broecke
- 233-233 The labor market consequences of impatience
by Brian C. Cadena
- 234-234 Employee incentives: Bonuses or penalties?
by Daniele Nosenzo
- 235-235 Job search requirements for older unemployed workers
by Hans Bloemen
- 236-236 Gender differences in competitiveness
by Mario Lackner
- 237-237 Internal hiring or external recruitment?
by Jed DeVaro
- 238-238 Incentives for prosocial activities
by Nicola Lacetera
- 239-239 Gravity models: A tool for migration analysis
by Raul Ramos
- 240-240 University autonomy: Improving educational output
by Jo Ritzen
- 241-241 Do childcare policies increase maternal employment?
by Daniela Vuri
- 242-242 Effects of entering adulthood during a recession
by Lisa Dettling
- 243-243 The effects of minimum wages on youth employment and income
by Charlene Marie Kalenkoski
- 244-244 Can market mechanisms solve the refugee crisis?
by Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga
- 245-245 Legalizing undocumented immigrants
by Cynthia Bansak
- 246-246 Do in-work benefits work for low-skilled workers?
by Bruno Van der Linden
- 247-247 Age at school entry: How old is old enough?
by Elizabeth Dhuey
- 248-248 The effects of recessions on family formation
by Ayako Kondo
- 249-249 Are part-time workers less productive and underpaid?
by Andrea Garnero
- 250-250 Using instrumental variables to establish causality
by Sascha O. Becker
- 251-251 How can temporary work agencies provide more training?
by Alexander Spermann
- 252-252 Financing high-potential entrepreneurship
by Ramana Nanda
- 253-253 Disability and labor market outcomes
by Melanie Jones
- 254-254 The rise and fall of piecework
by Robert A. Hart
- 255-255 Conditions for high-potential female entrepreneurship
by Siri A. Terjesen
- 256-256 Should common law marriage be abolished?
by Shoshana Grossbard
- 257-257 Corporate income taxes and entrepreneurship
by Jörn Block
- 258-258 Institutions and the support for market reforms
by Irina Denisova
- 259-259 Disentangling policy effects into causal channels
by Martin Huber
- 260-260 Performance measures and worker productivity
by Jan Sauermann
- 261-261 Income inequality and social origins
by Lorenzo Cappellari
- 262-262 Do family and kinship networks support entrepreneurs?
by Christophe Jalil Nordman
- 263-263 Do economic reforms hurt or help the informal labor market?
by Saibal Kar
- 264-264 Encouraging women’s labor force participation in transition countries
by Norberto Pignatti
- 265-265 Impacts of regulation on eco-innovation and job creation
by Jens Horbach
- 266-266 Do product market reforms stimulate employment, investment, and innovation?
by Fabio Schiantarelli
- 267-267 Is maternal employment related to childhood obesity?
by Wencke Gwozdz
- 268-268 Are apprenticeships beneficial in sub-Saharan Africa?
by Francis Teal
- 269-269 Integrating refugees into labor markets
by Pieter Bevelander
- 270-270 Labor market policies, unemployment, and identity
by Ronnie Schöb
- 271-271 Employment and rebellion in conflicted and fragile states
by Michael J. Gilligan
- 272-272 Trade liberalization and poverty reduction
by Devashish Mitra
- 273-273 Can higher education reduce inequality in developing countries?
by Abebe Shimeles
- 274-274 Access to public transport and labor informality
by Ana I. Moreno-Monroy
- 275-275 Efficiency wages: Variants and implications
by Ekkehart Schlicht
- 276-276 Low-wage employment
by Claus Schnabel
- 277-277 The dynamics of training programs for the unemployed
by Aderonke Osikominu
- 278-278 Estimating the return to schooling using the Mincer equation
by Harry Anthony Patrinos
- 279-279 Parental leave and maternal labor supply
by Astrid Kunze
- 280-280 Cash wage payments in transition economies: Consequences of envelope wages
by Ioana Alexandra Horodnic
- 281-281 Do youths graduating in a recession incur permanent losses?
by Bart Cockx
- 282-282 Migration and female genital mutilation
by Sandrine Mesplé-Somps
- 283-283 The relationship between recessions and health
by Nick Drydakis
- 284-284 Ethnic networks and location choice of immigrants
by Sholeh A. Maani
- 285-285 Public or private job placement services—Are private ones more effective?
by Gesine Stephan
- 286-286 How does migration affect child labor in sending countries?
by Mariapia Mendola
- 287-287 Ethnic enclaves and immigrant economic integration
by Simone Schüller
- 288-288 How to minimize lock-in effects of programs for unemployed workers
by Conny Wunsch
- 289-289 Women’s labor force participation
by Anne E. Winkler
- 290-290 Immigrants’ occupational mobility—Down and back up again
by Aslan Zorlu
- 291-291 Do global value chains create jobs?
by Thomas Farole
- 292-292 How immigration affects investment and productivity in host and home countries
by Volker Grossmann
- 293-293 Can cash transfers reduce child labor?
by Furio C. Rosati
- 294-294 The effect of the internet on voting behavior
by Stephan Heblich
- 295-295 How manipulating test scores affects school accountability and student achievement
by Erich Battistin
- 296-296 What are the consequences of regularizing undocumented immigrants?
by Sherrie A. Kossoudji
- 297-297 Where do immigrants retire to?
by Augustin De Coulon
- 298-298 The mortality crisis in transition economies
by Giovanni Andrea Cornia
- 299-299 Does government spending crowd out voluntary labor and donations?
by Julia Bredtmann
- 300-300 Does unemployment insurance offer incentives to take jobs in the formal sector?
by Mariano Bosch
- 301-301 What can be expected from productive inclusion programs?
by Jamele Rigolini
- 302-302 The pros and cons of workplace tournaments
by Roman M. Sheremeta
- 303-303 Family structure and children’s educational attainment in transition economies
by Lucia Mangiavacchi
- 304-304 How do social networks affect labor markets?
by Ian Schmutte
- 305-305 How do adult returns to schooling affect children’s enrollment?
by Kenneth A. Swinnerton
- 306-306 Do schooling reforms improve long-term health?
by David Madden
- 307-307 The effect of emigration on home-country political institutions
by Elisabetta Lodigiani
- 308-308 Why do we need longitudinal survey data?
by Heather Joshi
- 309-309 The effects of privatization on exports and jobs
by Yasuyuki Todo
- 310-310 Gender wage discrimination
by Boris Hirsch
- 311-311 Does employee ownership improve performance?
by Douglas Kruse
- 312-312 Can universal preschool increase the labor supply of mothers?
by Sarah Cattan
- 314-314 Do social interactions in the workplace lead to productivity spillover among co-workers?
by Thomas Cornelissen
- 315-315 Are happy workers more productive?
by Eugenio Proto
- 316-316 What effect do vocational training vouchers have on the unemployed?
by Anthony Strittmatter
- 317-317 How important is career information and advice?
by Sandra McNally
- 318-318 Can lab experiments help design personnel policies?
by Marie Claire Villeval
- 319-319 Childcare expansion and mothers’ employment in post-socialist countries
by Anna Lovász
- 320-320 Meta-regression analysis: Producing credible estimates from diverse evidence
by Chris Doucouliagos
- 321-321 The economics of mental health
by Richard Layard
- 322-322 The changing nature of citizenship legislation
by Chiara Strozzi
- 324-324 Privatizing sick pay: Does it work?
by Pierre Koning
- 325-325 Inequality and informality in transition and emerging countries
by Roberto Dell’Anno
- 327-327 Measuring entrepreneurship: Type, motivation, and growth
by Sameeksha Desai
- 1-5 Who owns the robots rules the world
by Richard Freeman
- 101-101 Perverse effects of two-tier wage bargaining structures
by Tito Boeri
- 112-112 Does vocational training help young people find a (good) job?
by Werner Eichhorst
- 114-114 Trade liberalization and gender inequality
by Janneke Pieters
- 115-115 Market competition and executive pay
by Priscila Ferreira
- 116-116 The promises and pitfalls of universal early education
by Elizabeth Cascio
- 117-117 Fertility postponement and labor market outcomes
by Massimiliano Bratti
- 118-118 Retiree migration and intergenerational conflict
by Mehmet S. Tosun
- 119-119 Are married immigrant women secondary workers?
by Ana Ferrer
- 120-120 Ethnic minority self-employment
by Ken Clark
- 121-121 Is training effective for older workers?
by Matteo Picchio
- 122-122 Slavery, racial inequality, and education
by Graziella Bertocchi
- 123-123 Who benefits from return migration to developing countries?
by Jackline Wahba
- 124-124 Setting policy on asylum: Has the EU got it right?
by Tim Hatton
- 125-125 Naturalization and citizenship: Who benefits?
by Christina Gathmann
- 126-126 Sports, exercise, and labor market outcomes
by Michael Lechner
- 127-127 The shadow economy in industrial countries
by Dominik H. Enste
- 128-128 Is unconditional basic income a viable alternative to other social welfare measures?
by Ugo Colombino
- 129-129 Youth sports and the accumulation of human capital
by Michael A. Leeds
- 130-130 Do higher levels of education and skills in an area benefit wider society?
by John V. Winters
- 131-131 Impact of bilingual education on student achievement
by Aimee Chin
- 132-132 Measuring the cost of children
by Olivier Donni
- 133-133 The determinants of housework time
by Leslie S. Stratton
- 134-134 Childcare choices and child development
by Daniela Del Boca
- 135-135 The welfare impact of rising food prices
by Ralitza Dimova
- 136-136 Employment and wage effects of extending collective bargaining agreements
by Ernesto Villanueva
- 137-137 Do works councils raise or lower firm productivity?
by Olaf Hübler
- 138-138 Are workers motivated by the greater good?
by Mirco Tonin
- 139-139 Immigrant labor and work-family decisions of native-born women
by Delia Furtado
- 140-140 Relative deprivation and individual well-being
by Xi Chen
- 141-141 Income of immigrants and their return
by Govert Bijwaard
- 142-142 Pension reform and couples' joint retirement decisions
by Laura Hospido
- 143-143 The quantity–quality fertility–education trade-off
by Haoming Liu
- 144-144 Migration and families left behind
by Sylvie Démurger
- 145-145 Who benefits from firm-sponsored training?
by Benoit Dostie
- 146-146 Migrants and educational achievement gaps
by Horst Entorf
- 147-147 Do joint custody laws improve family well-being?
by Martin Halla
- 148-148 Counting on count data models
by Rainer Winkelmann
- 149-149 Happiness as a guide to labor market policy
by Jo Ritzen
- 150-150 Wage compression and the gender pay gap
by Lawrence M. Kahn
- 151-151 Do minimum wages induce immigration?
by Corrado Giulietti
- 152-152 Performance-related pay and labor productivity
by Claudio Lucifora
- 153-153 The minimum wage versus the earned income tax credit for reducing poverty
by Richard V. Burkhauser
- 154-154 Innovation and employment
by Marco Vivarelli
- 155-155 Latent entrepreneurship in transition economies
by Hilal Atasoy
- 156-156 Does it pay to be a public-sector employee?
by Fabien Postel-Vinay
- 157-157 Policies to support women’s paid work
by Gianna Claudia Giannelli
- 158-158 How effective are financial incentives for teachers?
by Scott A. Imberman
- 159-159 Can immigrants ever earn as much as native workers?
by Kathryn H. Anderson
- 160-160 Intermarriage and the economic success of immigrants
by Olga Nottmeyer