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Immigration and Spending on Public Education: California, 1970-2000

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  • Daniele Coen-Pirani

Abstract

The evolution of education spending in California has received plenty of attention by both academics and practitioners after this state's education finance reform of the 1970's. The impact on public education spending of the demographic trends associated with immigration has not been thoroughly analyzed, instead. This paper quantifies the contribution of immigration to the relative decline in elementary and secondary public education spending per student in California in the period 1970 to 2000. A simple quantitative model of school choice and voting over public education is used to perform the counterfactual experiment of interest. The model allows for household heterogeneity in income, number of school-age children, citizenship and immigration status, and preference for education. The results indicate that immigration played a quantitatively important role in accounting for the relative decline in education spending in California, especially after 1990. In the year 2000, the model predicts that education spending per student in California would have been 24 percent higher than in reality if U.S. immigration had been restricted to its 1970 level.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniele Coen-Pirani, "undated". "Immigration and Spending on Public Education: California, 1970-2000," GSIA Working Papers 2009-E2, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:cmu:gsiawp:1236867145
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    Cited by:

    1. Murray, Thomas J., 2016. "Public or private? The influence of immigration on native schooling choices in the United States," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 268-283.
    2. Iturbe-Ormaetxe, Iñigo & Romero, J. Gabriel, 2016. "Financing public goods and attitudes toward immigration," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 159-178.
    3. Facundo Albornoz & Antonio Cabrales & Esther Hauk, 2011. "Immigration and the School System," Working Papers 590, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    4. Marcus H. Böhme & Sarah Kups, 2017. "The economic effects of labour immigration in developing countries: A literature review," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 335, OECD Publishing.
    5. repec:eee:hapoch:v1_119 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Speciale, Biagio, 2012. "Does immigration affect public education expenditures? Quasi-experimental evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(9-10), pages 773-783.
    7. Zaiceva, A. & Zimmermann, K.F., 2016. "Migration and the Demographic Shift," Handbook of the Economics of Population Aging, Elsevier.
    8. Tanaka, Ryuichi & Farré, Lídia & Ortega, Francesc, 2014. "Immigration, Naturalization, and the Future of Public Education," IZA Discussion Papers 8342, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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