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Migración forzada y finanzas públicas locales: Evidencia de los municipios en Colombia

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  • Salvador Traettino

Abstract

La evidencia empírica sobre la relación entre migración, finanzas públicas y decisiones de gasto, argumenta que los efectos están mediados por sentimientos de (anti)solidaridad de los nativos y por la (in)capacidad de los migrantes de afectar las decisiones de política. Sin embargo, estos estudios no suelen considerar el contexto institucional de países en vías de desarrollo y el grado de discrecionalidad de las autoridades locales para afectar el presupuesto público. Utilizando la llegada de 1,7 millones de migrantes venezolanos a Colombia como un cuasi experimento y empleando una estrategia de efectos fijos incluyendo una medida plausiblemente exógena del choque migratorio y un modelo de Diferencias-en-Diferencias (DD), se encuentran efectos de la migración en incrementos del gasto per cápita y en la composición del gasto en educación, seguridad y agua potable y saneamiento. Los resultados sugieren que los municipios respondieron a la atención de los migrantes realizando una recomposición del gasto. Los efectos parecen explicarse por las características de los migrantes, las atribuciones de las autoridades locales y por sus intereses particulares.

Suggested Citation

  • Salvador Traettino, 2022. "Migración forzada y finanzas públicas locales: Evidencia de los municipios en Colombia," Documentos CEDE 20335, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:020335
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    migración forzada; finanzas públicas; actitudes hacia la migración;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • H76 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Other Expenditure Categories
    • P16 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - Capitalist Economies - - - Capitalist Institutions; Welfare State
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior

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