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Do Immigrants Bring Good Health?

  • Giuntella, Osea

    ()

    (University of Oxford)

  • Mazzonna, Fabrizio

    ()

    (University of Lugano)

This paper studies the effects of immigration on health. We merge information on individual characteristics from the German Socio-Economic Panel with detailed local labor market characteristics for the period 1984 to 2009. We exploit the longitudinal component of the data to analyze how immigration affects the health of both immigrants and natives over time. Immigrants are shown to be healthier than natives upon their arrival ("healthy immigrant effect"), but their health deteriorates over time spent in Germany. We show that the convergence in health is heterogeneous across immigrants and faster among those working in more physically demanding jobs. Immigrants are significantly more likely to work in strenuous occupations. In light of these facts, we investigate whether changes in the spatial concentration of immigrants affect natives' health. Our results suggest that immigration reduces residents' likelihood to report negative health outcomes by improving their working conditions and reducing the average workload. We show that these effects are concentrated in blue-collar occupations and are larger among low educated natives and previous cohorts of immigrants.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 8073.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8073
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  2. D'Amuri, Francesco & Ottaviano, Gianmarco & Peri, Giovanni, 2008. "The labour market impact of immigration in Western Germany in the 1990's," ISER Working Paper Series 2008-17, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
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  15. repec:dgr:uvatin:20130143 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. Christopher J. Ruhm, 2000. "Are Recessions Good For Your Health?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 115(2), pages 617-650, May.
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  18. Akay, Alpaslan & Constant, Amelie F. & Giulietti, Corrado, 2012. "The Impact of Immigration on the Well-Being of Natives," IZA Discussion Papers 6630, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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