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Ageing, Local Birth Rates and Attitudes towards Immigration: Evidence from a Transition Economy


  • Artjoms Ivļevs


Ivļevs A. Ageing, local birth rates and attitudes towards immigration: evidence from a transition economy, Regional Studies . This paper studies the links between local birth rates and individual attitudes towards immigration, focusing on Latvia -- a country in economic transition and demographic decline. Possible channels through which local demographics may affect immigration preferences are discussed. Using 2005 survey data, a significant correlation between local birth rates and immigration preferences is found: people are more favourable to the inflow of foreign workers in municipalities where fewer children are born. The link tends to be stronger among the elderly and women. Ivļevs A. Ageing 地方出生率以及对移民的态度:来自转型经济体的相关证据,区域研究。本文考察了 拉脱维亚这一处于经济转型期且面临人口衰减的国家中地方出生率与个体对移民的态 度两者之间的关系。文章讨论了地方人口统计对移民偏好产生影响的可能途径。利用 2005 年的调研数据,研究发现,地方出生率与移民偏好之间的关系表现在:在出生率较低 的城市,人们更加欢迎外籍工人。这种趋势在老年人以及妇女中表现尤为明显。 对移民的态度 年龄 地方出生率 拉脱维亚 Ivļevs A. Le vieillissement, la natalité locale et les attitudes à l'égard de l'immigration: des preuves provenant d'une économie en voie de transition, Regional Studies . Cet article cherche à étudier les rapports entre la natalité locale et les attitudes des individus à l'égard de l'immigration, portant sur la Lettonie -- un pays dont l'économie est en voie de transition et où les tendances démographiques sont à la baisse. On discute des voies éventuelles par lesquelles les tendances démographiques pourraient influer sur les attitudes à l'égard de l'immigration. A partir des données provenant d'une enquête menée en 2005, il s'avère une corrélation étroite entre la natalité locale et les attitudes à l'égard de l'immigration: la population est plus favorable à l'afflux de travailleurs immigrés dans les municipalités où la natalité est moins élevée. Les rapports ont tendance à être plus forts parmi les personnes âgées et les femmes. Attitudes à l'égard de l'immigration Vieillissement Natalité locale Lettonie Ivļevs A. Alterung, lokale Geburtenraten und Einstellungen gegenüber der Einwanderung: Belege aus einer Übergangswirtschaft, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag werden die Zusammenhänge zwischen den lokalen Geburtenraten und den Einstellungen der einzelnen Menschen gegenüber der Einwanderung untersucht, wobei besonders auf Lettland eingegangen wird, ein Land im wirtschaftlichen Über- und demografischen Niedergang. Es werden die möglichen Kanäle erörtert, über die sich die lokale Demografie auf die Präferenzen hinsichtlich der Einwanderung auswirken kann. Mit Hilfe von Daten einer Umfrage aus dem Jahr 2005 wird eine signifikante Korrelation zwischen den lokalen Geburtenraten und den Präferenzen bei der Immigration festgestellt: In Gemeinden, in denen weniger Kinder geboren werden, wird der Zuzug von ausländischen Arbeitskräften positiver beurteilt. Dieser Zusammenhang fällt unter älteren und weiblichen Befragten ausgeprägter aus. Einstellungen gegenüber Einwanderung Alterung Lokale Geburtenrate Lettland Ivļevs A. Envejecimiento, tasas locales de natalidad y actitudes hacia la inmigración: evidencia de una economía en transición, Regional Studies . En este artículo analizamos los vínculos entre las tasas locales de natalidad y las actitudes individuales hacia la inmigración, centrándonos en Letonia, un país en transición económica y declive demográfico. Aquí debatimos los posibles canales por los que la demografía local podría afectar a las preferencias de inmigración. Usando datos recabados de un estudio de 2005, observamos una correlación significativa entre las tasas locales de natalidad y las preferencias de inmigración: las personas están más a favor del influjo de trabajadores extranjeros en los municipios donde nacen menos niños. El vínculo tiende a ser más agudo entre los mayores y las mujeres. Actitudes hacia la inmigración Envejecimiento Tasa local de natalidad Letonia

Suggested Citation

  • Artjoms Ivļevs, 2012. "Ageing, Local Birth Rates and Attitudes towards Immigration: Evidence from a Transition Economy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(7), pages 947-959, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:7:p:947-959
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.546779

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christian Dustmann & Tommaso Frattini & Ian P. Preston, 2013. "The Effect of Immigration along the Distribution of Wages," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 80(1), pages 145-173.
    2. Francisco Rivera-Batiz & Myeong-Su Yun & Ira Gang, 2002. "Economic Strain, Ethnic Concentration and Attitudes Towards Foreigners in the European Union," Departmental Working Papers 200214, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
    3. Fox, Louise & Palmer, Edward, 1999. "Latvian pension reform," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 20850, The World Bank.
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    1. Crawley, Heaven & Drinkwater, Stephen & Kauser, Rukhsana, 2013. "Regional Variations in Attitudes Towards Refugees: Evidence from Great Britain," IZA Discussion Papers 7647, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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