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Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey

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  • Pekkala, Sari

Abstract

This survey presents findings from recent empirical studies on economic impacts of immigration with particular emphasis on European and Nordic countries. The survey consists of three parts. First, we look at the extent of immigration as an economic phenomenon in various host countries. The second part deals with the assimilation of immigrant workers in host country labor markets and the use of social benefits by immigrants. Third, the effect of immigration on natives' labor market outcomes is discussed. And finally, we survey studies on the impact of immigration on the host country public sector.

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  • Pekkala, Sari, 2005. "Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey," Discussion Papers 362, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:fer:dpaper:362
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    Keywords

    Immigration; assimilation; employment; unemployment; earnings; social benefits; welfare; labor market outcomes; public sector; International comparisons; Kansainväliset vertailut; Labour market; Työmarkkinat; Policy analysis and modelling; Päätöksenteon tuki ja mallintaminen; H530 - National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs; J230 - Employment Determination; Job Creation; Demand for Labor; Self-Employment; J310 - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials by Skill; Training; Occupation; etc. (industry; schooling; experience; tenure; cohort; etc.); J610 - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers; J680 - Mobility; Unemployment; and Vacancies: Public Policy (Employment Services);

    JEL classification:

    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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