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Immigration and the Dutch economy


  • Hans Roodenburg
  • Rob Euwals

    (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)

  • Harry ter Rele

    (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)


For some time now, immigration has been high on the national and international agenda. In addition to the legal, humanitarian and social aspects, the economic impact of immigration is receiving increasing attention. What costs and benefits of immigration accrue to the host country? How can immigration and integration policies be modified so as to improve the balance? Is immigration an effective instrument in alleviating the burden of ageing? What can we learn from traditional immigration countries like Australia, Canada and the United States? The international economic literature is not always conclusive in answering the questions raised. Much depends on the specific circumstances and institutions in the host country. This study focuses on the Netherlands as a host country for immigrants. Employing methods extracted from the literature, in combination with data on the Dutch economy, we assess the impact of immigration on the labour market, the public sector and the physical environment. The results may contribute to the debate on immigration and integration policy both in the Netherlands and at the European level.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans Roodenburg & Rob Euwals & Harry ter Rele, 2003. "Immigration and the Dutch economy," CPB Special Publication 47, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpb:spcial:47

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    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy; Modern Monetary Theory
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers


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