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Firms and Workers in a Globalized World:Larger Markets, Tougher Competition

Author

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  • Gianmarco I P Ottaviano

    (Bocconi University, Italy)

Abstract

Globalization is a complex phenomenon involving the mobility of goods, capital, labour and ideas across country borders. From an economic point of view, two waves of globalization have been identified by scholars so far. The first wave materialized between the second half of the Nineteenth century and WWI; the second wave rose after WWII and gained momentum at the end of the Twentieth century before slowing down in the aftermath of the global financial crisis due to renewed protectionist pressures. This collection of essays studies the implications of this second wave of globalization for national economic performance. In doing so, it takes a bottom-up approach, building up the macroeconomic trajectories from the microeconomic effects of globalization on firms and workers. The collected essays highlight the asymmetry of responses across firms and workers between and within industries as well as territories, thus explaining the forces behind the emergence of 'winners' and 'losers' from globalization. The collection shows how state-of-the-art models of international economics and economic geography can be brought to life by addressing several topical issues in the public debate, ranging from regional growth and regional decline to international competition and creative destruction, from innovation patterns to cultural diversity and from immigration to offshoring.

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Suggested Citation

  • Gianmarco I P Ottaviano, 2021. "Firms and Workers in a Globalized World:Larger Markets, Tougher Competition," World Scientific Books, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., number 12184, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsi:wsbook:12184
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    Keywords

    Allocative Efficiency; Immigration; Inequality; Innovation; International Competition; International Trade; Macroeconomic Effects of Globalization; New Economic Geography; New Trade Theory; Offshoring; Regional Decline; Regional Growth; Territories; Waves of Globalization; Winners and Losers from Globalization; Borders; Creative Destruction; Cultural Diversity; Economic Geography; Economic Growth; Firm Heterogeneity; Firms and Workers; Globalization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F6 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization
    • F62 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Macroeconomic Impacts
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F61 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Microeconomic Impacts

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