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The Immigration Surplus Revisited in a General Equilibrium Model with Endogenous Growth

  • Paul Levine

    (University of Surrey)

  • Emanuela Lotti

    (University of Surrey)

  • Joseph Pearlman

    (London Guildhall University)

We revisit the work of Borjas (1995) which has provided an influential positive theory of immigration policy. An important feature of his framework is the focus on the skill-composition of immigrants and we retain this feature in our paper. Our contribution to this literature is to extend his analysis in a number of directions. First, we study the immigration surplus in the context of a general equilibrium model in which capital is endogenous and the welfare of the indigenous population is set out explicitly. Second, we introduce several sectors into the model so that changing the skill composition leads to changes in sector shares. Third, related to the second development, we introduce and R&D sector and develop a model with long-term endogenous growth. The result is that growth effects on the Immigration Surplus come to dominate the purely static effects in the original analysis of Borjas, but they are not sufficient to eliminate the emergence of losers among the section of natives competing with immigrants in the labour market.

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Paper provided by School of Economics, University of Surrey in its series School of Economics Discussion Papers with number 0203.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:sur:surrec:0203
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  1. Lucas Bretschger, 2001. "Labor Supply, Migration, and Long-Term Development," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 5-27, January.
  2. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521266550 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economic Benefits from Immigration," NBER Working Papers 4955, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Canova, Fabio, 1994. "Statistical Inference in Calibrated Models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(S), pages S123-44, Suppl. De.
  5. Chui, Michael & Levine, Paul & Pearlman, Joseph, 2001. "Winners and losers in a North-South model of growth, innovation and product cycles," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 333-365, August.
  6. Stephen L. Parente & Edward C. Prescott, 2002. "Barriers to Riches," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262661306, June.
  7. Fabio Canova & Morten O. Ravn, 2000. "The macroeconomic effects of German unification: Real adjustments and the welfare state," Economics Working Papers 442, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  8. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages S71-102, October.
  9. Segerstrom, Paul S, 1998. "Endogenous Growth without Scale Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(5), pages 1290-1310, December.
  10. Li, Chol-Won, 2000. "Endogenous vs. Semi-endogenous Growth in a Two-R&D-Sector Model," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages C109-22, March.
  11. Fabio Canova & Eva Ortega, 1996. "Testing calibrated general equilibrium models," Economics Working Papers 166, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  12. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521319867 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Lundborg, Per & Segerstrom, Paul S., 2002. "The growth and welfare effects of international mass migration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 177-204, January.
  14. Masao Ogaki & Carmen M. Reinhart, 1998. "Measuring Intertemporal Substitution: The Role of Durable Goods," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(5), pages 1078-1098, October.
  15. Michael C. Burda & Jennifer Hunt, 2001. "From Reunification to Economic Integration: Productivity and the Labor Market in Eastern Germany," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 32(2), pages 1-92.
  16. Lundborg, Per & Segerstrom, Paul S, 2000. "International Migration and Growth in Developed Countries: A Theoretical Analysis," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 67(268), pages 579-604, November.
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