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How Long Does it Take to Integrate? Employment Convergence of Immigrants and Natives in Sweden

  • Nekby, Lena

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Stockholm University and)

This study examines employment convergence between immigrants and natives, by gender and region of origin, using data with annual information (1990-2000) on more than 200,000 individuals of which over 19,000 were born abroad. Duration of residence is found to have a significant effect on employment chances up to and including the first 25 years in Sweden but with greater explanatory power for East- and non-European immigrants. Assuming homogeneous human capital and time effects, immigrant groups with over twenty years residency continue to show a significant employment gap to natives. No notable gender differences in employment convergence patterns are found.

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File URL: http://swopec.hhs.se/fiefwp/papers/WP185.pdf
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Paper provided by Trade Union Institute for Economic Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 185.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 18 Dec 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:fiefwp:0185
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  1. Pieter Bevelander & Helena Skyt Nielsen, 2001. "Declining employment success of immigrant males in Sweden: Observed or unobserved characteristics?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 455-471.
  2. Arai, Mahmood & Vilhelmsson, Roger, 2001. "Immigrants' and Natives' Unemployment-risk: Productivity Differentials or Discrimination?," Working Paper Series 169, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
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  6. Bevelander, Pieter, 1999. "Declining Employment Assimilation of Immigrants in Sweden: Observed or Unobserved Characteristics?," CEPR Discussion Papers 2132, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Borjas, George J, 1987. "Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 531-53, September.
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  13. Arrufat, Jose Luis & Zabalza, Antonio, 1986. "Female Labor Supply with Taxation, Random Preferences, and Optimization Errors," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(1), pages 47-63, January.
  14. Rosholm, Michael & Scott, Kirk & Husted, Leif, 2000. "The Times They Are A-Changin' Organizational Change and Immigrant Employment Opportunities in Scandinavia," CLS Working Papers 00-7, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research.
  15. Robert J. LaLonde & Robert H. Topel, 1992. "The Assimilation of Immigrants in the U. S. Labor Market," NBER Chapters, in: Immigration and the Workforce: Economic Consequences for the United States and Source Areas, pages 67-92 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Long, James E, 1980. "The Effect of Americanization on Earnings: Some Evidence for Women," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(3), pages 620-29, June.
  17. Barry R. Chiswick & Yinon Cohen & Tzippi Zach, 1997. "The labor market status of immigrants: Effects of the unemployment rate at arrival and duration of residence," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 50(2), pages 289-303, January.
  18. Borjas, George J, 1989. "Immigrant and Emigrant Earnings: A Longitudinal Study," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 27(1), pages 21-37, January.
  19. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1997. "The Role of the Family in Immigrants' Labor-Market Activity: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(4), pages 705-27, September.
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  21. Borjas, George J, 1985. "Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(4), pages 463-89, October.
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