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Workers' Remittances and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate: Theory and Evidence

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Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of workers’ remittances on equilibrium real exchange rates (ERER) in recipient economies. Using a small open economy model, it shows that standard “Dutch Disease” results of appreciation are substantially weakened or even overturned depending on: degree of openness, factor mobility between domestic sectors, and countercyclicality of remittances; the share of consumption in tradables; and the sensitivity of a country’s risk premium to remittance flows. Panel integration techniques on a large set of countries provide support for these analytical results, and show that ERER appreciation in response to sustained remittance flows tends to be quantitatively small.

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  • Adolfo Barajas & Ralph Chami & Dalia Hakura & Peter Montiel, 2010. "Workers' Remittances and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate: Theory and Evidence," Center for Development Economics 2010-02, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  • Handle: RePEc:wil:wilcde:2010-02
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    Cited by:

    1. Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano & Giovanni Peri & Greg C. Wright, 2016. "Immigration, Offshoring, and American Jobs," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: The Economics of International Migration, chapter 4, pages 117-151 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Nuru Giritli & Sevin Ugural, 2012. "A custom made CGE Model for an isolated, politically non-recognized small island economy: Exogenous income shock to the North Cyprus Economy," EcoMod2012 4282, EcoMod.
    3. Gazi M. Hassan & Mark J. Holmes, 2016. "Do Remittances Facilitate a Sustainable Current Account?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(11), pages 1834-1853, November.
    4. Nizar, Muhammad Afdi, 2014. "Pengaruh Aliran Masuk Devisa Tenaga Kerja (Workers’ Remittances) Terhadap Nilai Tukar Rupiah
      [The Effect of Workers’ Remittances on Exchange Rates of Rupiah]
      ," MPRA Paper 65728, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. repec:rjr:romjef:v::y:2018:i:1:p:20-41 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Abida Zouheir & Imen Mohamed Sghaier, 2014. "Remittances, Financial Development and Economic Growth: The Case of North African Countries," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 17(51), pages 137-170, March.
    7. Balli, Faruk & Rana, Faisal, 2015. "Determinants of risk sharing through remittances," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 107-116.
    8. Abdih, Yasser & Chami, Ralph & Dagher, Jihad & Montiel, Peter, 2012. "Remittances and Institutions: Are Remittances a Curse?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 657-666.
    9. Gazi M. Hassan & Mark J. Holmes, 2013. "Remittances and the real effective exchange rate," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(35), pages 4959-4970, December.
    10. repec:rej:journl:v:20:y:2017:i:63:p:29-52 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Marcus H. Böhme & Sarah Kups, 2017. "The economic effects of labour immigration in developing countries: A literature review," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 335, OECD Publishing.
    12. Eromenko, Igor, 2016. "Do Remittances Cause Dutch Disease in Resource Poor Countries of Central Asia?," MPRA Paper 74965, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Peter J. Montiel & Luis Servén, 2008. "Real Exchange Rates, Saving and Growth: Is there a Link?," Department of Economics Working Papers 2010-18, Department of Economics, Williams College.
    14. Immaculate Machasio, 2016. "Do Remittance Flows Stabilize Developing Countries in the aftermath of Sovereign Defaults?," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201639, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    15. Christian Ebeke & Thierry Yogo Urbain, 2013. "Working Paper 185 - Remittances and the Voter Turnout in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Macro and Micro Level Data," Working Paper Series 989, African Development Bank.
    16. International Monetary Fund, 2013. "Philippines; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 13/103, International Monetary Fund.
    17. repec:eee:jmacro:v:52:y:2017:i:c:p:147-174 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Augustine C. Osigwe & Kenneth O. Obi, 2016. "Modelling the impacts of remittances on real exchange rate of Nigeria's Naira," African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(1), pages 1-11.
    19. Adolfo Barajas & Ralph Chami & Christian H Ebeke & Anne Oeking, 2016. "What’s Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries?," IMF Working Papers 16/44, International Monetary Fund.
    20. Christian H Ebeke & Boileau Loko & Arina Viseth, 2014. "Credit Quality in Developing Economies; Remittances to the Rescue?," IMF Working Papers 14/144, International Monetary Fund.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Remittances; Real Exchange Rate; Dutch Disease;

    JEL classification:

    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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