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Effects of immigration on house prices in Canada

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  • Ather H. Akbari
  • Yigit Aydede

Abstract

From the turn of the present century until late 2008, house prices in some developed countries, including Canada, rose sharply compared to the increases in their per capita incomes. Some in the public circles of these countries argue that immigration fueled this rise. Each year, Canada admits about 225 000 immigrants, but information on the effect of immigration on house prices in this country is lacking. Our extensive econometric analysis based on panel data at census division levels obtained from the 1996, 2001 and 2006 population censuses indicates a statistically significant but small effect of immigration on prices of privately owned dwellings in Canada. An out migration of the native born from the areas where new immigrants settle, or an increased supply of housing due to expectations of higher demand in those areas may have caused this result.

Suggested Citation

  • Ather H. Akbari & Yigit Aydede, 2012. "Effects of immigration on house prices in Canada," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(13), pages 1645-1658, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:44:y:2012:i:13:p:1645-1658
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2010.548788
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 2008. "Heteroskedasticity-Robust Standard Errors for Fixed Effects Panel Data Regression," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(1), pages 155-174, January.
    2. Joseph G. Altonji & David Card, 1991. "The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-skilled Natives," NBER Chapters, in: Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market, pages 201-234, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Pesaran, M.H., 2004. "‘General Diagnostic Tests for Cross Section Dependence in Panels’," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0435, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    4. Olympia Bover & Pilar Velilla, 2001. "Hedonic house prices without characteristics: the case of new multiunit housing," Estudios Económicos, Banco de España;Estudios Económicos Homepage, number 73, November.
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