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Immigration Policy and Macroeconomic Performance in France

Author

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  • Hippolyte d'Albis
  • Ekrame Boubtane
  • Dramane Coulibaly

Abstract

This paper quantitatively assesses the interaction between permanent immigration into France and France's macroeconomic performance as seen through its GDP per capita and its unemployment rate. It takes advantage of a new database where immigration is measured by the flow of newly-issued long-term residence permits, categorized by both the nationality of the immigrant and the reason the permit was issued. Using a VAR model estimation of monthly data over the period 1994-2008, we find that immigration flow significantly responds to France's macroeconomic performance: positively to the country's GDP per capita and negatively to its unemployment rate. At the same time, we find that immigration itself increases France's GDP per capita, particularly in the case of family immigration. This family immigration also reduces the country's unemployment rate, especially when the families come from developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Hippolyte d'Albis & Ekrame Boubtane & Dramane Coulibaly, 2016. "Immigration Policy and Macroeconomic Performance in France," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 121-122, pages 279-308.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2016:i:121-122:p:279-308
    DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.121-122.279
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    File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.15609/annaeconstat2009.121-122.279
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hippolyte d’Albis & Ekrame Boubtane, 2015. "Caractérisation des flux migratoires en France à partir des statistiques de délivrance de titres de séjour (1998-2013)," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 70(3), pages 487-523.
    2. D'Albis, Hippolyte & Boubtane, Ekrame & Coulibaly, Dramane, 2017. "International Migration and Regional Housing Markets: Evidence from France," IZA Discussion Papers 10516, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Marcus H. Böhme & Sarah Kups, 2017. "The economic effects of labour immigration in developing countries: A literature review," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 335, OECD Publishing.
    4. Francesco Furlanetto & Ørjan Robstad, 2016. "Immigration and the macroeconomy: some new empirical evidence," Working Paper 2016/18, Norges Bank.
    5. Hippolyte D'Albis & Ekrame Boubtane & Dramane Coulibaly, 2018. "Immigration and Government Spending in OECD Countries," PSE Working Papers hal-01852411, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Immigration; Female and Family Migration; Growth; Unemployment; VAR Models.;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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