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Immigration Policy and Macroeconomic Performance in France

Author

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  • Hippolyte D'Albis

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Ekrame Boubtane

    () (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Dramane Coulibaly

    () (EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This paper quantitatively assesses the interaction between permanent immigration into France and France's macroeconomic performance as seen through its GDP per capita and its unemployment rate. It takes advantage of a new database where immigration is measured by the flow of newly-issued long-term residence permits, categorized by both the nationality of the immigrant and the reason of permit issuance. Using a VAR model estimation of monthly data over the period 1994-2008, we find that immigration flow significantly responds to France's macroeconomic performance: positively to the country's GDP per capita and negatively to its unemployment rate. At the same time, we find that immigration itself increases France's GDP per capita, particularly in the case of family immigration. This family immigration also reduces the country's unemployment rate, especially when the families come from developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Hippolyte D'Albis & Ekrame Boubtane & Dramane Coulibaly, 2015. "Immigration Policy and Macroeconomic Performance in France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01162441, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-01162441
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01162441
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Marcus H. Böhme & Sarah Kups, 2017. "The economic effects of labour immigration in developing countries: A literature review," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 335, OECD Publishing.
    2. Hippolyte d’Albis & Ekrame Boubtane, 2015. "Caractérisation des flux migratoires en France à partir des statistiques de délivrance de titres de séjour (1998-2013)," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 70(3), pages 487-523.
    3. Francesco Furlanetto & Ørjan Robstad, 2016. "Immigration and the macroeconomy: some new empirical evidence," Working Paper 2016/18, Norges Bank.
    4. Hippolyte D'Albis & Dramane Coulibaly & Ekrame Boubtane, 2017. "International Migration and Regional Housing Markets: Evidence from France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01469758, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    VAR models; immigration; female and family migration; growth; unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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