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Document de Recherche du Laboratoire d'Économie d'Orléans "Immigration and economic growth in the OECD countries 1986- 2006"
[Document de Recherche du Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orléans "Immigration et croissance économique dans les pays de l'OCDE sur la période 1986-2006"]

Author

Listed:
  • Ekrame Boubtane

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Jean-Christophe Dumont

    (International Migration Division - OECD - The Organisation for Economic Coopération and Development)

  • Christophe Rault

    (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - UO - Université d'Orléans - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This paper offers a reappraisal of the impact of migration on economic growth for 22 OECD countries between 1986--2006 and relies on a unique data set we compiled that allows us to distinguish net migration of the native- and foreign-born populations by skill level. Specifically, after introducing migration in an augmented Solow-Swan model, we estimate a dynamic panel model using a system of generalized method of moments (SYS-GMM) to address the risk of endogeneity bias in the migration variables. Two important findings emerge from our analysis. First, there exists a positive impact of migrants' human capital on GDP per capita, and second, a permanent increase in migration flows has a positive effect on productivity growth. However, the growth impact of immigration is small even in countries that have highly selective migration policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Ekrame Boubtane & Jean-Christophe Dumont & Christophe Rault, 2016. "Document de Recherche du Laboratoire d'Économie d'Orléans "Immigration and economic growth in the OECD countries 1986- 2006"
    [Document de Recherche du Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orléans &qu
    ," Working Papers halshs-01252165, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01252165
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01252165
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Growth; Human capital; Generalized Methods of Moments.; Immigration; Croissance; Capital Humain; Méthode des moments généralisés.;

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