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Birthplace diversity and economic prosperity

Author

Listed:
  • Alberto Alesina

    (Universita' Bocconi and IGIER - Bocconi University [Milan, Italy], Harvard University [Cambridge])

  • Johann Harnoss

    (Harvard University [Cambridge], CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Hillel Rapoport

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, Bar-Ilan University [Israël], Harvard University [Cambridge], CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

We propose an index of population diversity based on people's birthplaces and decompose it into a size (share of immigrants) and a variety (diversity of immigrants) component. We show that birthplace diversity is largely uncorrelated with ethnic, linguistic or genetic diversity and that the diversity of immigrants relates positively to measures of economic prosperity. This holds especially for skilled immigrants in richer countries at intermediate levels of cultural proximity. We address endogeneity by specifying a pseudo-gravity model predicting the size and diversity of immigration. The results are robust across specifications and suggestive of skill-complementarities between immigrants and native workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Alesina & Johann Harnoss & Hillel Rapoport, 2016. "Birthplace diversity and economic prosperity," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01304131, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01304131
    DOI: 10.1007/s10887-016-9127-6
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01304131
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic development; Birthplace diversity; Immigration; Culture;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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