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Moroccans' Assimilation in Spain: Family-Based versus Labor-Based Migration

  • Rodríguez-Planas, Núria

    ()

    (Queens College, CUNY)

  • Vegas, Raquel

    ()

    (FEDEA, Madrid)

An important immigration policy question is to identify the best criteria to select among potential migrants. At least two methodological problems arise: the host country's immigration policy regime endogeneity, and immigrants' unobserved heterogeneity. To address the first problem, we focus in a country with an unprecedented immigration boom that lets immigrants freely into a country: Spain. To address the second problem, we focus on a large and homogenous group of immigrants: Moroccans. Using the 2007 Encuesta Nacional de Immigración (ENI), we find that, even when focusing on a very homogenous group of migrants (Moroccans) who tend to be low-skilled, and after controlling for migrants' self-selection with employment history prior to and at arrival, family-based immigrants are less likely to work than their labor-based counterparts both at arrival and ten years later. Our Heckman-corrected estimates highlight that there are no monthly earnings differences by reason of arrival, and that failure to correct for labor force participation strongly biases these results.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6368.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Middle East Development Journal, 2011, 3 (2), 119-139
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6368
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  1. Cobb-Clark, Deborah A., 2002. "Public Policy and the Labor Market Adjustment of New Immigrants to Australia," IZA Discussion Papers 620, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Yoram Weiss & Robert M. Sauer & Menachem Gotlibovski, 2003. "Immigration, Search, and Loss of Skill," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(3), pages 557-592, July.
  3. Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina & de la Rica, Sara, 2008. "Does Immigration Raise Natives’ Income? National and Regional Evidence from Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 3486, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Amelie Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2006. "Legal Status at Entry, Economic Performance, and Self-Employment Proclivity: A Bi-National Study of Immigrants," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 547, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  5. Amuedo Dorantes, Catalina & De la Rica Goiricelaya, Sara, 2005. "Immigrants Responsiveness to Labor Market Conditions," DFAEII Working Papers 2005-03, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
  6. Cobb-Clark, Deborah A, 2000. "Do Selection Criteria Make a Difference? Visa Category and the Labour Market Status of Immigrants to Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 76(232), pages 15-31, March.
  7. Abdurrahman Aydemir, 2011. "Immigrant selection and short-term labor market outcomes by visa category," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 451-475, April.
  8. Joanne K. Lindley & Angela Dale & Shirley Dex, 2006. "Ethnic differences in women's employment: the changing role of qualifications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 351-378, April.
  9. Esteban Sanromà & Raúl Ramos & Hipólito Simón, 2009. "Immigrant wages in the Spanish labour market: does the origin of human capital matter?," Working Papers 2009/8, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  10. Paul W. Miller, 1999. "Immigration Policy and Immigrant Quality: The Australian Points System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 192-197, May.
  11. Raquel Vegas & Brindusa Anghel, 2010. "Reagrupación familiar de los inmigrantes en España. Incidencia en los gastos de protección social," Economic Reports 04-2010, FEDEA.
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