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The economie impact of immigration for the host countries

Author

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  • Xavier Chojnicki

Abstract

In this paper, we will investigate the economic consequences of immigration for the host countries. Recently, the debate has been centered on the role of immigration in the process of aging. A priori, the immigration of workers is likely to affect the economic situation of the host country in multiple ways, both positive and negative. Most studies focused on the labor market reveal a weak net gain of immigration whose distribution depends on the skill structure of immigrants and domestic labor force. Empirical studies show that past immigration had only a weak impact on native wages and unemployment rate. The net effects on welfare benefits are not clear and are related to the composition of migrant flows. Studies analyzing the relations between the labor force migrations and the dynamics of growth of the concerned areas put forward different mechanisms according to whether one uses exogenous or endogenous growth models. However, whatever the theoretical framework considered, the immigrants’ skills will be the determinant variable.

Suggested Citation

  • Xavier Chojnicki, 2004. "The economie impact of immigration for the host countries," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 47(1), pages 9-28.
  • Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:y:2004:v:47:i:1:p:9-28
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    File URL: https://dipot.ulb.ac.be/dspace/bitstream/2013/11911/1/ber-0280.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Xavier Chojnicki & Lionel Ragot, 2011. "Impacts of Immigration on Aging Welfare-State An Applied General Equilibrium Model for France," Working Papers 2011-13, CEPII research center.
    2. Hippolyte d'Albis & Ekrame Boubtane & Dramane Coulibaly, 2016. "Immigration Policy and Macroeconomic Performance in France," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 121-122, pages 279-308.
    3. repec:hal:journl:halshs-01162441 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Flisi, Sara & Murat, Marina, 2011. "The hub continent. Immigrant networks, emigrant diasporas and FDI," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 796-805.
    5. Wadensjö, Eskil, 2007. "Migration to Sweden from the New EU Member States," IZA Discussion Papers 3190, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Pawel Kaczmarczyk, 2013. "Are immigrants a burden for the state budget? Review paper," EUI-RSCAS Working Papers p0356, European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS).
    7. Dobra, Alexandra, 2009. "Principal concerns concentrating on the costs and benefits of immigration in developed countries," MPRA Paper 16817, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Dobra, Alexandra, 2009. "Identifying the key issues focusing on the costs and benefits of immigration in developed countries," MPRA Paper 16806, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Ekrame Boubtane & Dramane Coulibaly & Hippolyte D'Albis, 2015. "Immigration Policy and Macroeconomic Performance in France," Working Papers halshs-01135389, HAL.
    10. Kaczmarczyk, Pawel, 2015. "Burden or Relief? Fiscal Impacts of Recent Ukrainian Migration to Poland," IZA Discussion Papers 8779, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Migration; Geographie Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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