# INFORMS

# Management Science

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

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Web page: http://www.informs.org/

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

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**Series handle:**repec:inm:ormnsc

**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### June 1977, Volume 23, Issue 10

**1147-1148 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### May 1977, Volume 23, Issue 9

**913-934 Research in Management Information Systems: The Minnesota Experiments***by*Gary W. Dickson & James A. Senn & Norman L. Chervany**935-945 Storage-Retrieval Interleaving in Automatic Warehousing Systems***by*Stephen C. Graves & Warren H. Hausman & Leroy B. Schwarz**946-956 Planning Electric Power Generation: A Nonlinear Mixed Integer Model Employing Benders Decomposition***by*F. Noonan & R. J. Giglio**957-962 The Effect of Uncertainty in Input Quantities on the Optimal Expected Input Combination***by*Yakov Amihud**963-971 Work Stretch Properties for the Scheduling of Continuous Operations Under Alternative Labor Policies***by*James M. Lowerre**972-977 On a Fleet Sizing and Allocation Problem***by*S. C. Parikh**978-985 Electric Power System Planning with Explicit Stochastic Reserves Constraint***by*Charles R. Scherer & Leland Joe**986-993 On Doubling in Tournament Backgammon***by*Norman Zadeh**994-1004 An Effective Subgradient Procedure for Minimal Cost Multicommodity Flow Problems***by*Jeff Kennington & Mohamed Shalaby**1005-1009 Note--On a Simultaneous Decision Model for Marketing, Production and Finance***by*Ulf Peter Welam**1010-1011 On a Simultaneous Decision Model for Marketing, Production and Finance: A Rejoinder***by*William W. Damon & Richard Schramm**1011-1015 Note--A Comparison of Capacity Planning Techniques in a Job Shop Control System***by*Nabil Adam & Julius Surkis**1016-1019 Note--Sequencing n Jobs on m Machines to Minimise Maximum Tardiness: A Branch-and-Bound Solution***by*W. Townsend**1019-1022 Note--On the Validity of Marginal Analysis for Allocating Servers in M/M/c Queues***by*M. E. Dyer & L. G. Proll**1022-1026 Note--Nested Decomposition of a Dynamic Energy Model***by*James K. Ho**1034-1035 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### April 1977, Volume 23, Issue 8

**789-810 Exceptional Paper--Location of Bank Accounts to Optimize Float: An Analytic Study of Exact and Approximate Algorithms***by*Gerard Cornuejols & Marshall L. Fisher & George L. Nemhauser**811-819 Tolls: Efficiency and Equity Issues for Inland Waterways***by*Leland S. Case & Lester B. Lave**820-829 Cognitive and Personality Tests for the Design of Management Information Systems***by*M. L. Bariff & E. J. Lusk**830-837 Time-Cost Tradeoffs: Elasticity Estimates and Determinants for International Technology Transfer Projects***by*David Teece**838-842 Estimating the Relationship between Price and Time to Sale for Investment Property***by*Robert R. Trippi**843-852 A Markov Quality Control Process Subject to Partial Observation***by*Chelsea C. White**853-858 On Optimal Doubling in Backgammon***by*Norman Zadeh & Gary Kobliska**859-871 The Generalized Slack Variable Linear Program***by*T. H. Mattheiss & William B. Widhelm**872-881 A Methodology for Assigning Minimum Cost Due-Dates***by*James K. Weeks & John S. Fryer**882-889 Scheduling a Project to Maximize Its Present Value: A Zero-One Programming Approach***by*Robert H. Doersch & James H. Patterson**890-900 Discounting, Ergodicity and Convergence for Markov Decision Processes***by*Thomas E. Morton & William E. Wecker**901-904 Note--A Simplified Expression for the Efficient Frontier in Mean-Variance Portfolio Analysis***by*Stephen A. Buser**904-908 Note--On the Use of Fictitious Bounds in Tree Search Algorithms***by*Mokhtar S. Bazaraa & Alwalid N. Elshafei**909-909 Communication--APL as a User-Oriented Programming Language***by*Prakash A. Shah**910-911 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### March 1977, Volume 23, Issue 7

**667-678 Allocating Selling Effort Via Dynamic Programming***by*Charles A. Beswick**679-693 Combining Expert Judgments: A Bayesian Approach***by*Peter A. Morris**694-702 Capacity Expansion with Imports and Inventories***by*Donald Erlenkotter**703-715 Multi-Criteria School Busing Models***by*Sang M. Lee & Laurence J. Moore**716-727 The Value of Information Given Decision Flexibility***by*M. W. Merkhofer**728-736 Horizon Effects in Aggregate Production Planning with Seasonal Demand***by*John O. McClain & Joseph Thomas**737-744 Finding Equivalent Network Formulations for Constrained Network Problems***by*Darwin Klingman**745-755 A Time Series Approach to Queueing Systems with Applications for Modeling Job-Shop In-Process Inventories***by*Harold J. Steudel & S. M. Wu**756-767 A Discrete Time, Single Server Queue from a Finite Population***by*Do Le Minh**768-774 Kalman Filtering Applied to Statistical Forecasting***by*G. W. Morrison & D. H. Pike**775-778 The T-Policy for the M/G/1 Queue***by*Daniel P. Heyman**779-785 Mathematical Programming of Admissible Portfolios***by*Vijay S. Bawa**786-787 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### February 1977, Volume 23, Issue 6

**545-566 On the Design of Alternative Obstetric Anesthesia Team Configurations***by*A. Reisman & W. Cull & H. Emmons & B. Dean & C. Lin & J. Rasmussen & P. Darukhanavala & T. George**567-575 Minimising Waiting Time Variance in the Single Machine Problem***by*Samuel Eilon & I. G. Chowdhury**576-584 Quadratic Approximations of the Portfolio Selection Problem When the Means and Variances of Returns are Infinite***by*James A. Ohlson**585-594 An Efficient Branch and Bound Algorithm for the Capacitated Warehouse Location Problem***by*Umit Akinc & Basheer M. Khumawala**595-605 Effectiveness of Nominal and Interacting Group Decision Processes for Integrating R&D and Marketing***by*William E. Souder**606-611 The Just Noticeable Difference in Complexity of Jobs***by*Shlomo Globerson**612-620 Dynamic Programming for a Stochastic Markovian Process with an Application to the Mean Variance Models***by*Juval Goldwerger**621-630 Cooperative Games in Stochastic Characteristic Function Form***by*Daniel Granot**631-643 A Flow Augmentation Approach to the Network with Gains Minimum Cost Flow Problem***by*P. A. Jensen & Gora Bhaumik**644-651 Optimal Engineering Design Under Uncertainty by Geometric Programming***by*Rolf D. Wiebking**652-659 A Row Generation Scheme for Finding a Multi-Commodity Minimum Disconnecting Set***by*Yash P. Aneja & R. R. Vemuganti**660-661 Note--A Note on Shwimer's Theorem A***by*Werner Dinkelbach & Otto Rosenberg**662-662 Errata***by*anonymous**663-665 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### January 1977, Volume 23, Issue 5

**453-466 Exceptional Paper--Parametric and Postoptimality Analysis in Integer Linear Programming***by*A. M. Geoffrion & R. Nauss**467-477 A Parsimonious Description of the Hendry System***by*Manohar U. Kalwani & Donald G. Morrison**478-489 Stochastic Dominance Tests for Decreasing Absolute Risk-Aversion II: General Random Variables***by*R. G. Vickson**490-498 Further Results on Planning Horizons in the Production Smoothing Problem***by*Dwight R. Lee & Daniel Orr**499-511 An Experimental Comparison of the Effectiveness of Three Planning Methods***by*Paul C. Nutt**512-521 A Markovian Model for a Perishable Product Inventory***by*Dan Chazan & Shmuel Gal**522-528 Optimal Inventories for an (S - 1, S) System with No Backorders***by*Stephen A. Smith**529-540 Single Cycle Continuous Review Policies for Arborescent Production/Inventory Systems***by*Stephen C. Graves & Leroy B. Schwarz**541-541 "Multi-Echelon Production Scheduling When Demand is Stochastic": Erratum***by*Jack F. Williams**542-543 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### December 1976, Volume 23, Issue 4

**349-360 Decomposition of a Multi-Period Media Scheduling Model in Terms of Single Period Equivalents***by*V. Srinivasan**361-370 Equity and Selective Pollution Abatement Procedures***by*R. Carbone & J. R. Sweigart**371-379 Evaluating Security Performance Forecasts***by*Edwin H. Neave & John C. Wiginton**380-390 Management of Program Storage in Computers***by*Jair M. Babad & V. Balachandran & Edward A. Stohr**391-398 Information Overload in Mechanical Processes***by*William V. Gehrlein & Peter C. Fishburn**399-403 Optimal System Allocations with Penalty Costs***by*C. Derman & G. J. Lieberman & S. M. Ross**404-411 Economic Design of np Charts for Processes Subject to a Multiplicity of Assignable Causes***by*W. K. Chiu**412-422 Heuristic Scheduling of Activities under Resource and Precedence Restrictions***by*Arne Thesen**423-432 A Dual Concept and Associated Algorithm in Mean-Variance Portfolio Analysis***by*Roger J. Bowden**433-443 Capital Budgeting in the Decentralized Firm***by*Steven F. Maier & James H. Vander Weide**444-450 Due-Dates and Instantaneous Load in the One-Machine Shop***by*E. L. Heard**451-452 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### November 1976, Volume 23, Issue 3

**227-234 Snow and Ice Removal in an Urban Environment***by*Thomas M. Cook & Bradley S. Alprin**235-247 A "Working" System Model of Car Buyer Behavior***by*John U. Farley & John A. Howard & Donald R. Lehmann**248-256 A Dynamic Equilibrium Model for University Budget Planning***by*William F. Massy**257-266 Optimal Wage Rates and Force Composition in Military Manpower Planning***by*D. L. Jaquette & G. R. Nelson**267-274 Optimal Location of Plants***by*Alain Alcouffe & Gilles Muratet**275-279 Proximal Decision Analysis with Imperfect Information***by*Carson E. Agnew**280-285 A Comparison of the Bad as Old and Superimposed Renewal Models***by*Saul Blumenthal & A. Greenwood & L. H. Herbach**286-296 Solution of a Multi-Product Manufacturing and Distribution Problem***by*Michael Folie & John Tiffin**297-304 A Homogeneous Distribution Problem with Applications to Finance***by*C. C. Huang & D. A. Wehrung & W. T. Ziemba**305-316 Multiple Objective Linear Programming with Interval Criterion Weights***by*Ralph E. Steuer**317-323 An Application of Z-Matrices to a Class of Resource Allocation Problems***by*Arie Tamir**324-331 A Programming Problem with a Linear Objective Function Having the Quadratic Contraints of the Form ½x'x + p'x \le r***by*Shang-Wang Chang**332-333 Note--Note on "Manufacturing Cycle Time Determination for a Multi-Stage Economic Production Quantity Model"***by*S. K. Goyal**334-338 Note--On the Optimality of Sub-Batch Sizes for a Multi-Stage EPQ Model--A Rejoinder***by*Andrew Z. Szendrovits**339-340 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### October 1976, Volume 23, Issue 2

**109-116 Disutility as a Probability: A Reconsideration of the Symmetry Approach to the Committee Decision Problem***by*Henri Theil**117-124 Optimization of Multitype Branching Processes***by*Stanley R. Pliska**125-130 Majority Decisions and Transitivity: Some Special Cases***by*Deepak K. Merchant & M. R. Rao**131-139 Global Solutions for a Nonconvex Nonconcave Rail Network Model***by*Larry J. LeBlanc**140-145 A Group Preference Axiomatization with Cardinal Utility***by*Ralph L. Keeney**146-158 A Parametric Model for the Allocation of Fire Companies in New York City***by*Kenneth Lloyd Rider**159-170 Linear Multiparametric Programming by Multicriteria Simplex Method***by*P. L. Yuf & M. Zeleny**171-182 Aggregate Planning with Learning Curve Productivity***by*Ronald J. Ebert**183-197 Analysis of Implied Risk-Taking Behavior Under a Goal-Based Incentive Scheme***by*Hiroyuki Itami**198-203 On Optimal Bidding Strategies***by*Pertti Näykki**204-215 The Theory of Two-Currency Gambles***by*William R. Folks, Jr.**216-217 Note--Sequencing with Finite Intermediate Storage***by*S. S. Reddi**218-220 North-Holland-TIMS Studies in the Management Sciences***by*anonymous**221-222 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### September 1976, Volume 23, Issue 1

**1-11 Optimal Investment Scheduling with Price-Sensitive Dynamic Demand***by*Donald Erlenkotter & Robert R. Trippi**12-26 The Attribute-Dynamic Attitude Model (Adam)***by*Milan Zeleny**27-31 An Efficient Algorithm for the 0-1 Knapsack Problem***by*Robert M. Nauss**32-37 A Duality Theorem for a Nondifferentiable Fractional Programming Problem***by*Suresh Chandra & T. R. Gulati**38-42 A Simple Perturbed Demand Inventory Model with Ordering Cost***by*Thomas W. Hill, Jr.**43-49 A Utility Criterion for Markov Decision Processes***by*Stratton C. Jaquette**50-58 Acceleration of Lagrangian Column-Generation Algorithms by Penalty Function Methods***by*Richard P. O'Neill & William B. Widhelm**59-70 A Budget Allocation Model for Large Hierarchical R&D Organizations***by*N. R. Baker & W. E. Souder & C. R. Shumway & P. M. Maher & A. H. Rubenstein**71-77 An Easy Primal Method for Geometric Programming***by*J. G. Ecker & M. J. Zoracki**78-86 An Improved Heuristic Procedure for a Nonlinear Cutting Stock Problem***by*I. Coverdale & F. Wharton**87-92 Note--A Test for Nonoptimal Actions in Undiscounted Finite Markov Decision Chains***by*N. A. J. Hastings**92-94 Note--An Analogue Derivation of the Dual of the General Fermat Problem***by*D. J. White**95-98 Note--On Marketing Strategy and the Optimal Production Schedule***by*Ulf Peter Welam**99-100 Note--On Marketing Strategy and the Optimal Production Schedule--A Rejoinder***by*Robert Alan Leitch**100-102 Note--A Note on Goal Decomposition in a Decentralized Organization***by*James R. Freeland**103-103 Note--A Note on the Criss-Cross Algorithm***by*W. S. Shields, Lt. Commander**104-105 Communication***by*Elwood S. Buffa & Michael Scriabin & Roger C. Vergin**106-107 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### August 1976, Volume 22, Issue 12

**1289-1298 A Methodology for Determining the Optimal Design of a Free Standing Abortion Clinic***by*Howard S. Gitlow**1299-1309 A Forest Management Planning Model Integrating Silvicultural and Transportation Activities***by*Andres Weintraub & Daniel Navon**1310-1319 Allocating Building Inspection Manpower for Fire Prevention***by*David M. Miller & David E. Fyffe**1320-1331 Stochastic Cash Management with Fixed and Proportional Transaction Costs***by*George M. Constantinides**1332-1341 An Integrated Optimization/Information System for Academic Departmental Planning***by*James S. Dyer & John M. Mulvey**1342-1350 A Problem in Single-Machine Sequencing with Nonlinear Delay Costs***by*Peter B. Henderson & Kenneth Steiglitz**1351-1361 A Simple Method of Determining Order Quantities in Joint Replenishments Under Deterministic Demand***by*Edward A. Silver**1362-1371 A Simulation Study of Operating Policies in a Hypothetical Dual-Constrained Job Shop***by*James K. Weeks & John S. Fryer**1372-1380 Heuristic Methods for Telephone Operator Shift Scheduling: An Experimental Analysis***by*Willie B. Henderson & William L. Berry**1381-1390 Optimal Price and Protection Period Decisions for a Product Under Warranty***by*Theodore S. Glickman & Paul D. Berger**1391-1394 Note--Determination of Warranty Reserves: An Extension***by*H. N. Amato & E. E. Anderson**1395-1396 Note--Comments On Amato and Anderson's Paper, "Determination of Warranty Reserves: An Extension"***by*W. W. Menke**1396-1396 Working Papers***by*David G. Dannenbring (Editor)

### July 1976, Volume 22, Issue 11

**1175-1185 Optimal TIC Bids on Serial Bond Issues***by*G. O. Bierwag**1186-1194 Heuristics for Scheduling Resource-Constrained Projects: An Experimental Investigation***by*Dale F. Cooper**1195-1203 Generalized Linear Programming Solves the Dual***by*T. L. Magnanti & J. F. Shapiro & M. H. Wagner**1204-1214 The Disaggregation of Aggregate Manpower Plans***by*Larry P. Ritzman & LeRoy J. Krajewski & Michael J. Showalter**1215-1220 Consistent Recruitment in a Graded Manpower System***by*G. S. Davies**1221-1228 A Network Flow Model for Allocation of Land Uses to Sectors***by*Gordon Bagby & Arne Thesen**1229-1237 An Extension of the Bierman-Hausman Model for Credit Granting***by*Yvo M. I. Dirickx & Lee Wakeman**1238-1250 A Bayesian Algorithm for Determining Optimal Single Sample Acceptance Plans for Product Attributes***by*Herbert Moskowitz & William L. Berry**1251-1257 Bias and Error Detection in Property Tax Administration***by*Pao Lun Cheng**1258-1267 Multi-Period Consumption Decision under Conditions of Uncertainty***by*Haim Levy**1268-1272 Maximal Closure of a Graph and Applications to Combinatorial Problems***by*Jean-Claude Picard**1273-1281 The Time Domain Implications of Phase Angles and Tau***by*Jimmy E. Hilliard & Hiram C. Barksdale**1282-1283 Communication to the Editor--The Cluster Plan for Desegregating Public Schools, or a Little Less Weltanschauung, Please, for Some More Adequate Descriptions***by*W. W. Cooper**1283-1285 Communication to the Editor--The Dangers of Research Based on One Telephone Call to Dallas***by*David H. Stimson**1286-1288 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### June 1976, Volume 22, Issue 10

**1051-1063 Equilibrium Stochastic Choice and Market Penetration Theories: Derivations and Comparisons***by*Frank M. Bass & Abel Jeuland & Gordon P. Wright**1064-1073 Optimal Portfolios with One Safe and One Risky Asset: Effects of Changes in Rate of Return and Risk***by*Peter C. Fishburn & R. Burr Porter**1074-1080 A Data Collection Strategy for Estimation of Cost Coefficients of a Linear Programming Model***by*A. A. Cunningham & D. M. Frances**1081-1086 The Cost Assignment of the Cooperative Water Resource Development: A Game Theoretical Approach***by*Mitsuo Suzuki & Mikio Nakayama**1087-1096 Scoring Rules for Continuous Probability Distributions***by*James E. Matheson & Robert L. Winkler**1097-1104 A Preference Order Dynamic Program for Stochastic Assembly Line Balancing***by*Edward P. C. Kao**1105-1115 The Generalized Market Area Problem***by*Timothy J. Lowe & Arthur P. Hurter, Jr.**1116-1126 A New Branch-and-Bound Algorithm for the Fixed-Charge Transportation Problem***by*Jeff Kennington & Ed Unger**1127-1137 The Role of Project Team Collaboration in R&D Performance***by*John D. Aram & Cyril P. Morgan**1138-1146 A Numerical Algorithm for Recursively-Defined Convolution Integrals Involving Distribution Functions***by*Robert Cleroux & Denis J. McConalogue**1147-1158 An Algorithm for Nonlinear Knapsack Problems***by*Thomas L. Morin & Roy E. Marsten**1159-1164 Note--The Precarious Boundary Problem***by*T. H. Mattheiss**1165-1168 Note--On the Optimal Packaging Frequency of Products Jointly Replenished***by*Fred M. Andres & Hamilton Emmons**1169-1170 Note--Comments on "Shortest Route Models for Allocation of Inspection Effort on a Production Line" by Leon S. White***by*Edward P. C. Kao**1170-1170 Note--A Note on Jauch and Glueck, "Evaluation of University Professors' Research Performance"***by*Lawrence R. Jauch & John Ettlie**1170-1170 "Policy Making Under Discontinuous Change: The Situational Normativism Approach": Erratum***by*Melvin F. Shakun**1171-1173 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### May 1976, Volume 22, Issue 9

**927-937 A Survey of Users of Corporate Planning Models***by*Thomas H. Naylor & Horst Schauland**938-948 Bayesian Point Estimation and the PERT Scheduling of Stochastic Activities***by*Robert R. Britney**949-961 Planning for Freedom***by*John P. Van Gigch**962-971 A Collections Planning Model for Regional Blood Suppliers: Description and Validation***by*P. D. Cumming & K. E. Kendall & C. C. Pegels & J. P. Seagle & J. F. Shubsda**972-981 A Branch and Bound Algorithm for Optimum Allocation of Float Nurses***by*Vandankumar M. Trivedi & D. Michael Warner**982-989 The GPSS Simulation of Scheduling Policies for Surgical Patients***by*N. K. Kwak & P. J. Kuzdrall & Homer H. Schmitz**990-1001 Health Status Index Models: A Unified Mathematical View***by*George W. Torrance**1002-1008 Myopic Approximations for the Perishable Inventory Problem***by*Steven Nahmias**1009-1021 A Health Index for Patient Selection: A Value Function Approach with Application to Chronic Renal Failure Patients***by*Joseph S. Pliskin & Clyde H. Beck, Jr.**1022-1033 Stochastic Programming of Multiple Channel Service Systems with Deterministic Inflow and Stochastic Service Times***by*Michael Resh & Moshe Friedman**1034-1042 An Optimal Tax Incentive Scheme for a Decentralized Multi-Product Firm***by*Itzhak Venezia**1043-1047 Approximate Solution to the (Q, r) Inventory Model for Gamma Lead Time Demand***by*Chandrasekhar Das**1048-1050 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### April 1976, Volume 22, Issue 8

**829-840 A Stochastic Model of Persuasive Communication***by*V. Balachandran & S. D. Deshmukh**841-851 A Generalized Model for Automating Judgmental Decisions***by*Michael S. Parks & Nicolai Siemens & Hugh J. Watson**852-857 Optimal Stock Depletion Policies with Stochastic Lives***by*S. Christian Albright**858-867 Fractional Programming. I, Duality***by*Siegfried Schaible**868-873 Fractional Programming. II, On Dinkelbach's Algorithm***by*Siegfried Schaible**874-882 Multi-Commodity Multi-Transformed Network Flows with an Application to Residuals Management***by*D. Panagiotakopoulos**883-891 Some Properties of a Decentralized Adjustment Process***by*András Simonovits**892-903 Criteria for Market Segmentation Studies***by*Neil E. Beckwith & Maurice W. Sasieni**904-908 Note--On Evaluating Market Segmentation Studies and the Properties of R 2***by*Albert R. Wildt**909-912 Note--A Note on the Single-Machine Multi-Product Lot Scheduling Problem***by*Robert W. Haessler & Steven L. Hogue**913-913 Note--Re: Michael A. Crane, Donald L. Iglehart, "Simulating Stable Stochastic Systems, IV: Approximation Techniques"***by*Micha Hofri**914-915 Response to Remarks of M. Hofri***by*Michael A. Crane & Donald L. Iglehart**916-917 Note--Note on a Control Problem of Balachandran and Tijms***by*O. J. Boxma**918-920 Note--A Note: Hidden Nonlinearities in the Application of Goal Programming***by*Shimon Awerbuch & Joseph G. Ecker & William A. Wallace