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Processes and Their Frameworks


  • Kenneth D. Mackenzie

    () (School of Business, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045)


A process is a time-dependent sequence of events governed by a process framework. A group process has five components: the entities performing the process, the steps or elements of a process, the relationship between any pair of elements, the links to other processes, and the resources and their characteristics-in-use involved with the elements. A process framework is denoted by Y = F(C) where Y is the set of outcomes or consequences of a process, C is the set of considerations or elements in the process, and F is the network linking the considerations to each other and to the outcomes. The properties of the set of considerations, the linkages between pairs of consequences, the set of outcomes or consequences, the network, F, and the use of process frameworks are discussed in detail with examples. Process models are compared to variable models.

Suggested Citation

  • Kenneth D. Mackenzie, 2000. "Processes and Their Frameworks," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 46(1), pages 110-125, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:46:y:2000:i:1:p:110-125

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kenneth Mackenzie, 1966. "Structural centrality in communications networks," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 31(1), pages 17-25, March.
    2. Harold Guetzkow & Herbert A. Simon, 1955. "The Impact of Certain Communication Nets Upon Organization and Performance in Task-Oriented Groups," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 1(3-4), pages 233-250, 04-07.
    3. Andrew D. Luzi & Kenneth D. Mackenzie, 1982. "An Experimental Study of Performance Information Systems," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 28(3), pages 243-259, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Leszek Chodorowski, 2009. "The importance of the process approach in the risk mitigation," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 23.
    2. Leszek Chodorowski, 2011. "Central Banks - as the Key Public Institutions Aiming at the Improvement of Effectiveness and Efficiency of their Performance, part 1," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 25.
    3. Papamichail, K. N. & Robertson, I., 2005. "Integrating decision making and regulation in the management control process," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 319-332, August.

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    Process; Process Frameworks; Tasks;


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