# INFORMS

# Management Science

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

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**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### February 1975, Volume 21, Issue 6

### January 1975, Volume 21, Issue 5

**491-500 Optimal Funding Paths for a Class of Risky R&D Projects***by*Carole Aldrich & Thomas E. Morton**501-506 The Steady-State Queueing Time Distribution for the M/G/1 Finite Capacity Queue***by*Stephen S. Lavenberg**507-515 Effects of Shop Size and Labor Flexibility in Labor and Machine Limited Production Systems***by*John S. Fryer**516-530 An Optimization Algorithm for a Linear Model of a Simulation System***by*Basil A. Kalymon**531-539 Finding the n Most Vital Links in Flow Networks***by*H. Donald Ratliff & G. Thomas Sicilia & S. H. Lubore**540-543 Minimizing the Time-in-System Variance for a Finite Jobset***by*Linus Schrage**544-549 Flowshop Sequencing Problem with Ordered Processing Time Matrices***by*M. L. Smith & S. S. Panwalkar & R. A. Dudek**550-556 On the Optimality of Myopic Policies in Sequential Decision Problems***by*Yvo M. I. Dirickx & L. Peter Jennergren**557-566 Discriminant Functions and Majority Voting***by*J. M. Blin & Andrew B. Whinston**567-575 Rim Multiparametric Linear Programming***by*Tomas Gal**576-590 Production Smoothing with Fluctuating Price***by*Dov Pekelman**591-599 Note--A Computational Survey of Methods for the Set Covering Problem***by*Nicos Christofides & S. Korman**600-606 Note on Finite Convergence of Exterior Penalty Functions***by*Klaus Truemper**607-607 Rejoinder to Hsia's "On Rutenberg's Decomposition Method"***by*David P. Rutenberg**608-610 Working Papers***by*anonymous**610-610 On the Maximization of the Geometric Mean with Lognormal Return Distribution: Erratum***by*Edwin J. Elton & Martin J. Gruber**611-612 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### December 1974, Volume 21, Issue 4

**371-382 On Management Myth-Information Systems***by*Ian I. Mitroff & John Nelson & Richard O. Mason**383-391 The Logarithmic Investor's Decision to Acquire Costly Information***by*James R. Morris**392-408 A Linear Programming Analysis of Paper Recycling***by*C. Roger Glassey & Virendra K. Gupta**409-417 Heuristics and Optimizing Techniques Applied to Long Range Facility Planning for Hospital Ancillary Departments***by*Jay A. Vora**418-421 Forecasting for Largest Earthquakes***by*Tuncel M. Yegulalp**422-427 Aspects of One-Stage Voting Rules***by*Peter C. Fishburn**428-435 Multi-Period Stochastic Dominance***by*Haim Levy & Jacob Paroush**436-443 Determination of Optimum Packaging Frequency of Items Jointly Replenished***by*S. K. Goyal**444-452 Management Control of Blood Through a Short-Term Supply-Demand Forecast System***by*George M. Frankfurter & Kenneth E. Kendall & C. Carl Pegels**453-461 An Input-Output Analysis of the Costs of Air Pollution Control***by*Alan S. Cohen & Arthur P. Hurter, Jr.**462-473 Forecasting Market Shares of Alternative Home-Heating Units by Markov Process using Transition Probabilities Estimated from Aggregate Time Series Data***by*Ali Ezzati**474-482 Application of Quasi-Integer Programming to the Solution of Menu Planning Problems with Variable Portion Size***by*Ronald D. Armstrong & Prabhakant Sinha**483-488 Note--On the Maximization of the Geometric Mean with Lognormal Return Distribution***by*Edwin J. Elton & Martin J. Gruber**489-490 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### November 1974, Volume 21, Issue 3

**241-250 Optimal Allocations in the Construction of k-Out-of-n Reliability Systems***by*C. Derman & G. J. Lieberman & S. M. Ross**251-255 Planning Horizons for the Dynamic Lot Size Model with Backlogging***by*Joseph D. Blackburn & Howard Kunreuther**256-260 Optimum Checking Schedules for Systems Subject to Random Failure***by*Joseph B. Keller**261-270 Inspection Procedures for Markov Chains***by*Harold Sackrowitz & Ester Samuel-Cahn**271-276 Stochastic Programming and Decision Analysis: An Apparent Dilemma***by*Roger A. Blau**277-285 A Linear Program for Economic Lot Sizes using Labor Priorities***by*J. Gaylord May**286-290 The Assortment Problem with Probabilistic Demands***by*David W. Pentico**291-301 Expected Objective Value of a Stochastic Linear Program and the Degree of Uncertainty of Parameters***by*Hiroyuki Itami**302-312 Marketing Strategy and the Optimal Production Schedule***by*Robert Alan Leitch**313-315 Bayesian Equilibria of Finite Two-Person Games with Incomplete Information***by*Joseph T. Howson, Jr. & Robert W. Rosenthal**316-325 Dispatching from Depot Repair in a Recoverable Item Inventory System: On the Optimality of a Heuristic Rule***by*Bruce L. Miller**326-329 A Statistical Estimator in a Problem of Stochastic Dominance***by*Edmund H. Mantell**330-340 Computational Delays***by*S. D. Deshmukh**341-347 A Penalty Function Procedure for Sensitivity Analysis of Concave Programs***by*Stephen Howe**348-357 Preferred Rules in Continuous Time Markov Decision Processes***by*Mark R. Lembersky**358-359 Note--A Counterexample in Continuous Markov Decision Chains***by*Mark R. Lembersky & Melvin L. Ott**360-362 Note--A Dynamic Programming Approach to Capacity Expansion with Specialization***by*Donald Erlenkotter**362-364 Finding the n Most Vital Nodes in a Flow Network***by*H. W. Corley, Jr. & Han Chang**365-368 Working Papers***by*anonymous**368-368 Planning Human Capital Structure: A Study of Economic, Demographic and Educational Determinants: Erratum***by*Manoucher Parvin**369-370 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### October 1974, Volume 21, Issue 2

**119-129 Factors Affecting Adoption of a Quantitative Method for R&D Project Selection***by*P. Michael Maher & Albert H. Rubenstein**130-140 The University Library: Analysis and Proposals***by*Charles B. Weinberg**141-147 Optimal Foreclosure Policies***by*Gordon Pye & Ahmet Tezel**148-159 A Computer-Based Corporate Planning System***by*William F. Hamilton & Michael A. Moses**160-171 Solving the "Marketing Mix" Problem using Geometric Programming***by*V. Balachandran & Dennis H. Gensch**172-177 Coefficient of Network Complexity***by*Richard A. Kaimann**178-188 Management Information Systems: Appreciation and Involvement***by*E. Burton Swanson**189-198 A Parametric Decomposition Approach for the Solution of Uncapacitated Location Problems***by*Ralph W. Swain**199-208 Two-Stage Replacement Strategies and Their Application to Manpower Planning***by*David Robinson**209-222 Calculation of Investment Portfolios with Risk Free Borrowing and Lending***by*W. T. Ziemba & C. Parkan & R. Brooks-Hill**223-229 Computation of (S, s) Ordering Policy Parameters***by*Ralph D. Snyder**230-233 Note--A Note on El-Shaieb's New Algorithm for Locating Sources Among Destinations***by*B. M. Khumawala & A. W. Neebe & D. G. Dannenbring**233-236 Note--A comment on the "Distribution System Simulator"***by*Arnoldo C. Hax**237-237 Précis--Assessment of Airframe Production Cost Risk***by*John A. Finchum, Jr.**238-239 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### September 1974, Volume 21, Issue 1

**1-9 The Incorporation and Reduction of Value Judgements in Systems***by*Richard Mattessich**10-12 On Rutenberg's Decomposition Method***by*Wei Shen Hsia**13-21 A Sequential Algorithm for a Class of Programming Problems with Nonlinear Constraints***by*R. Jagannathan**22-33 The Dual of a Hyperbolic Approximation to the Generalized Constrained Multi-Facility Location Problem with l p , Distances***by*Robert F. Love**34-42 A Production Scheduling Problem with Sequencing Considerations***by*T. Prabhakar**43-46 Preference Order Dynamic Programming***by*L. G. Mitten**47-59 A Linear Programming Analogue, a Duality Theorem, and a Dynamic Algorithm***by*D. J. White**60-67 Optimal Sequential Assignments with Random Arrival Times***by*S. Christian Albright**68-78 Job Shop Scheduling with Due Dates and Overtime Capability***by*C. A. Holloway & R. T. Nelson**79-86 The Evaluation of Risky Investments with Random Timing of Cash Returns***by*Stylianos Perrakis & Claude Henin**87-97 A Primal Algorithm to Solve Network Flow Problems with Convex Costs***by*Andres Weintraub**98-105 Individual Decisions Concerning the Allocation of Resources for Projects with Uncertain Consequences***by*Claus C. Berg**106-114 A Note on Hierarchy and Coordination: An Aspect of Decentralization***by*Manfred Kochen & Karl W. Deutsch**115-115 Comment on "Economically Optimum Design of Cusum Charts" by A. L. Goel and S. M. Wu***by*Curtis P. McLaughlin & Basheer M. Khumawala**116-116 Rejoinder***by*Amrit L. Goel

### August 1974, Volume 20, Issue 12

**1501-1513 On Evaluating the Scientific Contribution of the Apollo Moon Missions Via Information Theory: A Study of the Scientist-Scientist Relationship***by*Ian I. Mitroff & Richard O. Mason**1514-1530 When to Hedge Against Devaluation***by*Alan C. Shapiro & David P. Rutenberg**1531-1542 Organizational Structure and Technology: A Computer Model Approach***by*Donald Gerwin & Wade Christoffel**1543-1553 Planning Human Capital Structure: A Study of Economic, Demographic and Educational Determinants***by*Manoucher Parvin**1554-1560 Generalized Equivalent Integer Programs and Canonical Problems***by*Bruce Faaland**1561-1568 Scheduling a Full-Time Workforce to Meet Cyclic Staffing Requirements***by*Kenneth R. Baker**1569-1575 A Goal Programming Approach to Aggregate Planning of Production and Work Force***by*David A. Goodman

### July 1974, Volume 20, Issue 11

**1413-1423 Set Partitioning and Chain Decomposition***by*G. L. Nemhauser & L. E. Trotter, Jr. & R. M. Nauss**1424-1427 Some Interpretations of Sequential Bid Pricing Strategies***by*Emil Attanasi**1428-1431 Networks with Gains in Discrete Dynamic Programming***by*Yvo M. I. Dirickx & M. R. Rao**1432-1438 Convergence Results and Approximations for Optimal (s, S) Policies***by*Arie Hordijk & Henk Tijms**1439-1440 Note--A Note on Majority Rule under Transitivity Constraints***by*J. M. Blin & A. B. Whinston**1441-1441 Further Comments on Majority Rule Under Transitivity Constraints***by*V. Joseph Bowman & C. S. Colantoni**1442-1471 Exceptional Paper--Lexicographic Orders, Utilities and Decision Rules: A Survey***by*Peter C. Fishburn**1472-1495 An Equilibrium-Point Interpretation of Stable Sets and a Proposed Alternative Definition***by*John C. Harsanyi**1496-1496 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### June 1974, Volume 20, Issue 10

**1323-1334 Descriptive Aspects of Team Theory: Observation, Communication and Decision Heuristics in Information Systems***by*Kenneth R. MacCrimmon**1335-1344 An Experimental Evaluation of Information Overload in a Production Environment***by*Norman L. Chervany & Gary W. Dickson**1345-1349 A Weather Model for Simulating Offshore Construction Alternatives***by*M. H. Rothkopf & J. K. McCarron & S. Fromovitz**1350-1363 A Transshipment Model for Cash Management Decisions***by*V. Srinivasan**1364-1375 A Normative Model for Negotiations***by*Ambar G. Rao & Melvin F. Shakun**1376-1384 An Integer Programming Algorithm for Portfolio Selection***by*Bruce Faaland**1385-1392 A Technique for Designing and Augmenting Simulation Experiments***by*Donald R. Williams & David L. Weeks**1393-1402 Multi-Attribute Utility Models: A Review of Field and Field-Like Studies***by*George P. Huber**1403-1409 Surveillance Schedules for Medical Examinations***by*R. L. A. Kirch & M. Klein**1410-1411 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### May 1974, Volume 20, Issue 9

**1233-1241 Decision Analysis Expert Use***by*Peter A. Morris**1242-1252 Representational Systems Theory***by*Frederick Betz & Ian I. Mitroff**1253-1263 Multi-Echelon Production Scheduling When Demand is Stochastic***by*Jack F. William**1264-1275 Job Shop Scheduling with Due Dates and Variable Processing Times***by*C. A. Holloway & R. T. Nelson**1276-1283 Inventory Depletion Management When the Field Life is Random***by*Steven Nahmias**1284-1291 The Triangular E-Model of Chance-Constrained Programming with Stochastic A-Matrix***by*Willy F. Gochet & Manfred W. Padberg**1292-1299 The Geometry of Solution Concepts for N-Person Cooperative Games***by*Richard Spinetto**1300-1304 Dynamics of Exponential Smoothing with Trend and Seasonal Terms***by*John O. McClain**1305-1310 Some Further Thoughts on the Minimax Principle***by*Morton Davis**1311-1311 Note--Dynamic Facility Location and Simple Network Models***by*Donald Erlenkotter**1312-1312 Rejoinder***by*George O. Wesolowsky**1313-1313 Note--Two Comments on the Deterministic Capacity Problem***by*A. J. Kalotay**1314-1315 Note--A Replacement Problem using a Wald Identity for Discounted Variables***by*Richard F. Serfozo**1316-1316 Communications to the Editor--Response to Taylor's "Resolution of a Paradox: Mini-Max Rehabilitated***by*Michael Maschler & Robert J. Auman**1316-1317 Communications to the Editor--A Discussion of Minimax***by*Guillermo Owen**1317-1318 Communications to the Editor--One Management Science Issue: An Excellent Representation of Ideals***by*Sumer C. Aggarwal**1318-1319 Communications to the Editor--The 1974 Lanchester Prize: Call for Nominations***by*anonymous

### April 1974, Volume 20, Issue 8

**1147-1156 Autonomy, Gratification and R & D Outputs: A Small-Sample Field Study***by*William E. Souder**1157-1163 The Researcher and the Manager: A Comparative View of the Need for Mutual Understanding***by*W. Jack Duncan**1164-1174 A Search Procedure for Policy Oriented Simulations: Applications to Urban Dynamics***by*Carl W. Nelson & Harold M. Krisbergh**1175-1177 An Algorithm for Optimal Inventory Policies For Systems with Joint Setup Costs***by*D. J. Hartfiel & G. L. Curry**1178-1189 A Pattern Recognition Model for Forecasting***by*H. Russell Fogler**1190-1193 Optimal Weighted Ancestry Relationships***by*Fred Glover & T. Klastorin & D. Kongman**1194-1200 Optimal Location of Inspection Stations in a Multistage Production Process***by*Gary D. Eppen & E. Gerald Hurst, Jr.**1201-1216 Optimal Control of a Graded Manpower System***by*Richard C. Grinold & Robert E. Stanford**1217-1229 Mathematical Programming Models for the Determination of Attribute Weights***by*Dov Pekelman & Subrata K. Sen**1230-1231 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### March 1974, Volume 20, Issue 7

**1027-1036 A Modified Linear Learning Model of Buyer Behavior***by*Gary L. Lilien**1037-1046 General Planning Horizons for Production Smoothing with Deterministic Demands***by*Howard C. Kunreuther & Thomas E. Morton**1047-1072 Simplifying the Choice between Uncertain Prospects Where Preference is Nonlinear***by*John S. Hammond, III**1073-1080 Labor Flexibility in Multiechelon Dual-Constraint Job Shops***by*John S. Frye**1081-1091 A Multi Product Joint Ordering Model with Dependent Setup Cost***by*Chung-Mei Ho Chern**1092-1103 A Generalized Discrete Dynamic Programming Model***by*Richard C. Grinold**1104-1111 Optimal Policies for a Multi-Echelon Inventory Problem with Periodic Ordering***by*Felipe K. Tan**1112-1121 Cost Minimizing Single Sampling Plans with AIQL and AOQL Constraints***by*Sedat Sami Ercan & M. Zia Hassan & Ajva Taulananda**1122-1130 Optimal Production Smoothing and Safety Inventory***by*Christoph A. Schneeweiss**1131-1140 Priority Pricing***by*Maurice G. Marchand**1141-1143 Note--A Note on "Substitution Effects in Geometric Programming"***by*John J. Dinkel & Gary A. Kochenberger**1143-1143 Erratum--The Political Properties of Crystalline H 2 O: Planning for Snow Emergencies in New York***by*K. S. Savas**1143-1143 Erratum--Tests for Suboptimal Actions in Discounted Markov Programming***by*N. A. J. Hastings & J. M. C. Mello**1144-1146 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### February 1974, Volume 20, Issue 6

**903-911 Simulation Testing of Aggregate Production Planning Models in an Implementation Methodology***by*William B. Lee & Basheer M. Khumawala**912-920 Decisions on Social and Technological Tasks Incorporating Expression of Preference and Environmental Insult***by*J. E. Dooley**921-937 A Consumer-Based Methodology for the Identification of New Product Ideas***by*Allan D. Shocker & V. Srinivasan**938-947 An Econometric Analysis of Advertising, Retail Availability, and Sales of a New Brand***by*Leonard J. Parsons**948-959 A Mathematical Model for Price Promotions***by*Yoram Kinberg & Ambar G. Rao & Melvin F. Shakun**960-970 A Model of Wage Bargaining Involving Negotiations and Sanctions***by*Raphael Trifon & Moshe Landau**971-980 A Diet Model with Protein Quality Variable***by*Victor E. Smith**981-989 Health Manpower Systems: An Application of Simulation to the Design of Primary Health Care Teams***by*Dean H. Uyeno**990-998 A Horizon-Varying, Zero-One Approach to Project Scheduling***by*James H. Patterson & Walter D. Huber**999-1009 The OPRAD Research and Development Management Game***by*Klaus Truemper & Burton V. Dean**1010-1021 Assembly Line Balancing with Multiple Stations***by*G. M. Buxey**1022-1022 Précis--A Fortran IV Procedure for Determining Return on Invested Capital***by*Anthony F. Herbst

### January 1974, Volume 20, Issue 5

**733-735 Preface and Guide***by*A. M. Geoffrion**736-773 Practical Solution of Large Mixed Integer Programming Problems with Umpire***by*J. J. H. Forrest & J. P. H. Hirst & J. A. Tomlin**774-787 An Algorithm for Large Set Partitioning Problems***by*Roy E. Marsten**788-792 An Application of Mixed Integer Programming in the Direct Mail Industry***by*Rimas Kalvaitis & Anthony G. Posgay**793-813 A Computation Study on Start Procedures, Basis Change Criteria, and Solution Algorithms for Transportation Problems***by*Fred Glover & D. Karney & D. Klingman & A. Napier**814-821 NETGEN: A Program for Generating Large Scale Capacitated Assignment, Transportation, and Minimum Cost Flow Network Problems***by*D. Klingman & A. Napier & J. Stutz**822-844 Multicommodity Distribution System Design by Benders Decomposition***by*A. M. Geoffrion & G. W. Graves**845-862 Self-Scaling Variable Metric (SSVM) Algorithms***by*Shmuel S. Oren & David G. Luenberger**863-874 Self-Scaling Variable Metric (SSVM) Algorithms***by*Shmuel S. Oren**875-895 Mathematical Programming Book Reviews: 1965-1972***by*Fred Gerber**896-899 Erratum: N Job, One Machine Sequencing Problems Under Uncertainty***by*Roger A. Blau**899-899 Erratum: On Characterizing the Extrema of a Function of Two Variables, One of Which if Discrete***by*Hillel Kumin

### December 1973, Volume 20, Issue 4-Part-I

**423-438 Management Science in the Developing Countries: A Comparative Approach to Irrigation Feasibility***by*J. Rose**439-448 A Holistic View of Problem Solving***by*Edwin M. Bartee**449-459 The Use of Tax Incentives for Employment of Underutilized Resources***by*L. Southwick, Jr. & S. Zionts**460-463 Reduction Algorithm for Zero-One Single Knapsack Problems***by*Giorgio P. Ingargiola & James F. Korsh**464-471 Inventory Policy and Trade Credit Financing***by*Charles W. Haley & Robert C. Higgins**472-481 A Model for a Multi-Item, Multi-Echelon, Multi-Indenture Inventory System***by*John A. Muckstadt**482-486 A Critique of "The Distribution System Simulator" by M. M. Connors, et al***by*Sumer Aggarwal**487-497 Determining the Optimal Investment Policy for the Tourism Sector of a Developing Country***by*Charles E. Gearing & William W. Swart & Turgut Var**498-506 Educational Innovation; The Impact of Organizational and Community Variables on Performance Contract***by*James A. Belasco**507-519 Utility Functions for Test Performance***by*James S. Dyer & William Farrell & Paul Bradley**520-531 Analysis of the Allocation of Resources in Family Planning Programs***by*Charles E. Lawrence & Axel I. Mundigo & Charles S. Revelle**532-535 Note--A Model for Minimizing the Cost of Drilling Dual Completion Oil Wells***by*Michael D. Devine**536-539 A Note on Offshore Oil Field Development Problems and Suggested Solutions***by*Gary L. Lilien**540-541 Letter to the Editor--On Lawler's K Best Solutions to Discrete Optimization Problems, 2***by*James Marshall**541-541 On Lawler's K Best Solutions to Discrete Optimization Problems, 2: Additional Comments***by*Eugene L. Lawler**542-544 Notes about Authors***by*anonymous

### December 1973, Volume 20, Issue 4-Part-II

**545-545 Commentary on the Canadian Issue of Management Science***by*Martin K. Starr**546-549 Preface to Management Science in Canada***by*Rein Peterson & David W. Conrath & C. T. L. Janssen**550-569 On Bridging the Gaps***by*D. J. Daly & Rein Peterson**570-571 Comment: Corporate Planning that Works***by*Donald B. McCaskill**572-574 Comment: Computer-Based Decision Systems and Canadian Management***by*Andrew A. Grindlay & Gordon Cummer**575-585 Computer Based Decision Systems in Xerox Corporate Planning***by*Ronald A. Seaberg & Charlotte Seaberg**586-603 Communications Environment and its Relationship to Organizational Structure***by*David W. Conrath**604-616 Estimation of Rural Demand for Natural Gas***by*S. M. Tinic & B. M. Harnden & C. T. L. Janssen**617-628 Forest Fire Detection Systems Design***by*Boyd M. Harnden & P. Michael Maher & Gregory A. Martin**629-644 Simulation, Synthesis and Urban Public Decision-Making***by*Michael A. Goldberg**645-655 Financing Public Hospitals in Ontario: A Case Study in Rationing of Capital Budgets***by*H. W. Jackman