# INFORMS

# Management Science

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

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**Series handle:**repec:inm:ormnsc

**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### September 1974, Volume 21, Issue 1

**79-86 The Evaluation of Risky Investments with Random Timing of Cash Returns***by*Stylianos Perrakis & Claude Henin**87-97 A Primal Algorithm to Solve Network Flow Problems with Convex Costs***by*Andres Weintraub**98-105 Individual Decisions Concerning the Allocation of Resources for Projects with Uncertain Consequences***by*Claus C. Berg**106-114 A Note on Hierarchy and Coordination: An Aspect of Decentralization***by*Manfred Kochen & Karl W. Deutsch**115-115 Comment on "Economically Optimum Design of Cusum Charts" by A. L. Goel and S. M. Wu***by*Curtis P. McLaughlin & Basheer M. Khumawala**116-116 Rejoinder***by*Amrit L. Goel

### August 1974, Volume 20, Issue 12

**1501-1513 On Evaluating the Scientific Contribution of the Apollo Moon Missions Via Information Theory: A Study of the Scientist-Scientist Relationship***by*Ian I. Mitroff & Richard O. Mason**1514-1530 When to Hedge Against Devaluation***by*Alan C. Shapiro & David P. Rutenberg**1531-1542 Organizational Structure and Technology: A Computer Model Approach***by*Donald Gerwin & Wade Christoffel**1543-1553 Planning Human Capital Structure: A Study of Economic, Demographic and Educational Determinants***by*Manoucher Parvin**1554-1560 Generalized Equivalent Integer Programs and Canonical Problems***by*Bruce Faaland**1561-1568 Scheduling a Full-Time Workforce to Meet Cyclic Staffing Requirements***by*Kenneth R. Baker**1569-1575 A Goal Programming Approach to Aggregate Planning of Production and Work Force***by*David A. Goodman

### July 1974, Volume 20, Issue 11

**1413-1423 Set Partitioning and Chain Decomposition***by*G. L. Nemhauser & L. E. Trotter, Jr. & R. M. Nauss**1424-1427 Some Interpretations of Sequential Bid Pricing Strategies***by*Emil Attanasi**1428-1431 Networks with Gains in Discrete Dynamic Programming***by*Yvo M. I. Dirickx & M. R. Rao**1432-1438 Convergence Results and Approximations for Optimal (s, S) Policies***by*Arie Hordijk & Henk Tijms**1439-1440 Note--A Note on Majority Rule under Transitivity Constraints***by*J. M. Blin & A. B. Whinston**1441-1441 Further Comments on Majority Rule Under Transitivity Constraints***by*V. Joseph Bowman & C. S. Colantoni**1442-1471 Exceptional Paper--Lexicographic Orders, Utilities and Decision Rules: A Survey***by*Peter C. Fishburn**1472-1495 An Equilibrium-Point Interpretation of Stable Sets and a Proposed Alternative Definition***by*John C. Harsanyi**1496-1496 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### June 1974, Volume 20, Issue 10

**1323-1334 Descriptive Aspects of Team Theory: Observation, Communication and Decision Heuristics in Information Systems***by*Kenneth R. MacCrimmon**1335-1344 An Experimental Evaluation of Information Overload in a Production Environment***by*Norman L. Chervany & Gary W. Dickson**1345-1349 A Weather Model for Simulating Offshore Construction Alternatives***by*M. H. Rothkopf & J. K. McCarron & S. Fromovitz**1350-1363 A Transshipment Model for Cash Management Decisions***by*V. Srinivasan**1364-1375 A Normative Model for Negotiations***by*Ambar G. Rao & Melvin F. Shakun**1376-1384 An Integer Programming Algorithm for Portfolio Selection***by*Bruce Faaland**1385-1392 A Technique for Designing and Augmenting Simulation Experiments***by*Donald R. Williams & David L. Weeks**1393-1402 Multi-Attribute Utility Models: A Review of Field and Field-Like Studies***by*George P. Huber**1403-1409 Surveillance Schedules for Medical Examinations***by*R. L. A. Kirch & M. Klein**1410-1411 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### May 1974, Volume 20, Issue 9

**1233-1241 Decision Analysis Expert Use***by*Peter A. Morris**1242-1252 Representational Systems Theory***by*Frederick Betz & Ian I. Mitroff**1253-1263 Multi-Echelon Production Scheduling When Demand is Stochastic***by*Jack F. William**1264-1275 Job Shop Scheduling with Due Dates and Variable Processing Times***by*C. A. Holloway & R. T. Nelson**1276-1283 Inventory Depletion Management When the Field Life is Random***by*Steven Nahmias**1284-1291 The Triangular E-Model of Chance-Constrained Programming with Stochastic A-Matrix***by*Willy F. Gochet & Manfred W. Padberg**1292-1299 The Geometry of Solution Concepts for N-Person Cooperative Games***by*Richard Spinetto**1300-1304 Dynamics of Exponential Smoothing with Trend and Seasonal Terms***by*John O. McClain**1305-1310 Some Further Thoughts on the Minimax Principle***by*Morton Davis**1311-1311 Note--Dynamic Facility Location and Simple Network Models***by*Donald Erlenkotter**1312-1312 Rejoinder***by*George O. Wesolowsky**1313-1313 Note--Two Comments on the Deterministic Capacity Problem***by*A. J. Kalotay**1314-1315 Note--A Replacement Problem using a Wald Identity for Discounted Variables***by*Richard F. Serfozo**1316-1316 Communications to the Editor--Response to Taylor's "Resolution of a Paradox: Mini-Max Rehabilitated***by*Michael Maschler & Robert J. Auman**1316-1317 Communications to the Editor--A Discussion of Minimax***by*Guillermo Owen**1317-1318 Communications to the Editor--One Management Science Issue: An Excellent Representation of Ideals***by*Sumer C. Aggarwal**1318-1319 Communications to the Editor--The 1974 Lanchester Prize: Call for Nominations***by*anonymous

### April 1974, Volume 20, Issue 8

**1147-1156 Autonomy, Gratification and R & D Outputs: A Small-Sample Field Study***by*William E. Souder**1157-1163 The Researcher and the Manager: A Comparative View of the Need for Mutual Understanding***by*W. Jack Duncan**1164-1174 A Search Procedure for Policy Oriented Simulations: Applications to Urban Dynamics***by*Carl W. Nelson & Harold M. Krisbergh**1175-1177 An Algorithm for Optimal Inventory Policies For Systems with Joint Setup Costs***by*D. J. Hartfiel & G. L. Curry**1178-1189 A Pattern Recognition Model for Forecasting***by*H. Russell Fogler**1190-1193 Optimal Weighted Ancestry Relationships***by*Fred Glover & T. Klastorin & D. Kongman**1194-1200 Optimal Location of Inspection Stations in a Multistage Production Process***by*Gary D. Eppen & E. Gerald Hurst, Jr.**1201-1216 Optimal Control of a Graded Manpower System***by*Richard C. Grinold & Robert E. Stanford**1217-1229 Mathematical Programming Models for the Determination of Attribute Weights***by*Dov Pekelman & Subrata K. Sen**1230-1231 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### March 1974, Volume 20, Issue 7

**1027-1036 A Modified Linear Learning Model of Buyer Behavior***by*Gary L. Lilien**1037-1046 General Planning Horizons for Production Smoothing with Deterministic Demands***by*Howard C. Kunreuther & Thomas E. Morton**1047-1072 Simplifying the Choice between Uncertain Prospects Where Preference is Nonlinear***by*John S. Hammond, III**1073-1080 Labor Flexibility in Multiechelon Dual-Constraint Job Shops***by*John S. Frye**1081-1091 A Multi Product Joint Ordering Model with Dependent Setup Cost***by*Chung-Mei Ho Chern**1092-1103 A Generalized Discrete Dynamic Programming Model***by*Richard C. Grinold**1104-1111 Optimal Policies for a Multi-Echelon Inventory Problem with Periodic Ordering***by*Felipe K. Tan**1112-1121 Cost Minimizing Single Sampling Plans with AIQL and AOQL Constraints***by*Sedat Sami Ercan & M. Zia Hassan & Ajva Taulananda**1122-1130 Optimal Production Smoothing and Safety Inventory***by*Christoph A. Schneeweiss**1131-1140 Priority Pricing***by*Maurice G. Marchand**1141-1143 Note--A Note on "Substitution Effects in Geometric Programming"***by*John J. Dinkel & Gary A. Kochenberger**1143-1143 Erratum--The Political Properties of Crystalline H 2 O: Planning for Snow Emergencies in New York***by*K. S. Savas**1143-1143 Erratum--Tests for Suboptimal Actions in Discounted Markov Programming***by*N. A. J. Hastings & J. M. C. Mello**1144-1146 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### February 1974, Volume 20, Issue 6

**903-911 Simulation Testing of Aggregate Production Planning Models in an Implementation Methodology***by*William B. Lee & Basheer M. Khumawala**912-920 Decisions on Social and Technological Tasks Incorporating Expression of Preference and Environmental Insult***by*J. E. Dooley**921-937 A Consumer-Based Methodology for the Identification of New Product Ideas***by*Allan D. Shocker & V. Srinivasan**938-947 An Econometric Analysis of Advertising, Retail Availability, and Sales of a New Brand***by*Leonard J. Parsons**948-959 A Mathematical Model for Price Promotions***by*Yoram Kinberg & Ambar G. Rao & Melvin F. Shakun**960-970 A Model of Wage Bargaining Involving Negotiations and Sanctions***by*Raphael Trifon & Moshe Landau**971-980 A Diet Model with Protein Quality Variable***by*Victor E. Smith**981-989 Health Manpower Systems: An Application of Simulation to the Design of Primary Health Care Teams***by*Dean H. Uyeno**990-998 A Horizon-Varying, Zero-One Approach to Project Scheduling***by*James H. Patterson & Walter D. Huber**999-1009 The OPRAD Research and Development Management Game***by*Klaus Truemper & Burton V. Dean**1010-1021 Assembly Line Balancing with Multiple Stations***by*G. M. Buxey**1022-1022 PrĂ©cis--A Fortran IV Procedure for Determining Return on Invested Capital***by*Anthony F. Herbst

### January 1974, Volume 20, Issue 5

**733-735 Preface and Guide***by*A. M. Geoffrion**736-773 Practical Solution of Large Mixed Integer Programming Problems with Umpire***by*J. J. H. Forrest & J. P. H. Hirst & J. A. Tomlin**774-787 An Algorithm for Large Set Partitioning Problems***by*Roy E. Marsten**788-792 An Application of Mixed Integer Programming in the Direct Mail Industry***by*Rimas Kalvaitis & Anthony G. Posgay**793-813 A Computation Study on Start Procedures, Basis Change Criteria, and Solution Algorithms for Transportation Problems***by*Fred Glover & D. Karney & D. Klingman & A. Napier**814-821 NETGEN: A Program for Generating Large Scale Capacitated Assignment, Transportation, and Minimum Cost Flow Network Problems***by*D. Klingman & A. Napier & J. Stutz**822-844 Multicommodity Distribution System Design by Benders Decomposition***by*A. M. Geoffrion & G. W. Graves**845-862 Self-Scaling Variable Metric (SSVM) Algorithms***by*Shmuel S. Oren & David G. Luenberger**863-874 Self-Scaling Variable Metric (SSVM) Algorithms***by*Shmuel S. Oren**875-895 Mathematical Programming Book Reviews: 1965-1972***by*Fred Gerber**896-899 Erratum: N Job, One Machine Sequencing Problems Under Uncertainty***by*Roger A. Blau**899-899 Erratum: On Characterizing the Extrema of a Function of Two Variables, One of Which if Discrete***by*Hillel Kumin

### December 1973, Volume 20, Issue 4-Part-II

**545-545 Commentary on the Canadian Issue of Management Science***by*Martin K. Starr**546-549 Preface to Management Science in Canada***by*Rein Peterson & David W. Conrath & C. T. L. Janssen**550-569 On Bridging the Gaps***by*D. J. Daly & Rein Peterson**570-571 Comment: Corporate Planning that Works***by*Donald B. McCaskill**572-574 Comment: Computer-Based Decision Systems and Canadian Management***by*Andrew A. Grindlay & Gordon Cummer**575-585 Computer Based Decision Systems in Xerox Corporate Planning***by*Ronald A. Seaberg & Charlotte Seaberg**586-603 Communications Environment and its Relationship to Organizational Structure***by*David W. Conrath**604-616 Estimation of Rural Demand for Natural Gas***by*S. M. Tinic & B. M. Harnden & C. T. L. Janssen**617-628 Forest Fire Detection Systems Design***by*Boyd M. Harnden & P. Michael Maher & Gregory A. Martin**629-644 Simulation, Synthesis and Urban Public Decision-Making***by*Michael A. Goldberg**645-655 Financing Public Hospitals in Ontario: A Case Study in Rationing of Capital Budgets***by*H. W. Jackman**656-664 A Dynamic Programming Model for the Expansion of Electric Power Systems***by*E. R. Petersen**665-674 The Pit Charging Problem in Steel Production***by*J. A. Buzacott & J. R. Callahan**675-685 A Planning Model for a Water Quality Management Agency***by*Anthony C. Taylor**686-698 Ambulance Location: A Probabilistic Enumeration Approach***by*C. Swoveland & D. Uyeno & I. Vertinsky & R. Vickson**699-707 A Simulation Model for the Evaluation of Fishing Trawler Designs***by*T. B. Nickerson & T. G. O'Flaherty & D. W. Rice**708-720 Sure Staf: A Computerized Staff Scheduling System for Telephone Business Offices***by*J. G. Church**721-724 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### November 1973, Volume 20, Issue 3

**261-273 A Long-Range Selection and Timing Analysis System for Facility Location: Implementation***by*Carl F. Meyer**274-281 A Bayesian Sequential Multi-Decision Problem***by*N. H. Noe & S. Ehrenfeld**282-292 Nested Decomposition and Multi-Stage Linear Programs***by*C. Roger Glassey**293-307 An Economic Evaluation of Job Shop Dispatching Rules***by*C. H. Jones**308-312 The Estimation of Nonstationary Transition Probabilities***by*Warren Dent**313-318 Bounded Production and Inventory Models with Piecewise Concave Costs***by*Stephen F. Love**319-330 An Extension to Modigliani and Hohn's Planning Horizons Results***by*Zvi Lieber**331-340 Assignment Problem Based on Ordinal Preferences***by*Peter Gardenfors**341-348 Computer Simulation for Mixed-Model Production Lines***by*J. L. C. Macaskill**349-362 Optimization of Deterministic, Multiproduct Inventory Model with Joint Replenishment***by*Luigi Mariani & Bernardo Nicoletti**363-369 Statistical Analysis for Queueing Simulations***by*George S. Fishman**370-372 A Simple Expression for the Shapley Value in a Special Case***by*S. C. Littlechild & G. Owen**373-377 Regularity Conditions for a Class of Convex Programs***by*Stanley J. Garstka**378-384 Imperfect Inspection in a Multistage Production Process***by*E. Gerald Hurst, Jr.**385-395 Sequential Policies for Bank Money Management***by*Gordon Pye**396-417 Profit Analyses and Sequential Bid Pricing Models***by*K. O. Kortanek & J. V. Sodeni & D. Sodaro**418-419 Note--On the Weber Problem with Rectangular Distance: A Comment***by*J. M. Huriot & J. Perreur**420-422 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### October 1973, Volume 20, Issue 2

**137-145 The Political Properties of Crystalline H 2 O: Planning for Snow Emergencies in New York***by*E. S. Savas**146-153 Airline Seat Share: A Study in False Optimization***by*Seymour D. Barcun & Peter Jeming**154-158 Alternate Formulations for Static Multi-Attribute Assignment Models***by*V. Srinivasan & G. L. Thompson**159-168 The Application of an Implicit Enumeration Algorithm to the School Desegregation Problem***by*Robin Segerblom Liggett**169-178 Nonlinear Effluent Charges***by*Terry A. Ferrar**179-190 An Optimum Budget Allocation Model for Dynamic, Interacting Market Segments***by*Dennis H. Gensch & Ulf Peter Welam**191-202 Mail-Order Demands for Style Goods: Theory and Data Analysis***by*Warren H. Hausman & Richard St.G. Sides**203-213 Allocation Processes with Variable Channel Queues***by*Marvin Hersh**214-220 Stag Monotone Experimental Design Algorithm (SMEDAL)***by*Alexander Morgan**221-231 A New Algorithm for Locating Sources Among Destinations***by*A. M. El-Shaieb**232-235 Determination of Economic Packaging Frequency for Items Jointly Replenished***by*S. K. Goyal**236-239 On a Class of Stochastic Optimization Problems with a Specified Growth Pattern***by*Masao Nakamura**240-252 Antecedents and Consequences of Research Planning in a University Setting***by*William F. Glueck & Ingrid Deich**253-256 Letters to the Editor***by*anonymous**257-259 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### September 1973, Volume 20, Issue 1

**1-13 Markovian Decision Processes with Probabilistic Observation of States***by*J. K. Satia & R. E. Lave**14-21 Dynamic Lot Size Models for Multi-Stage Assembly Systems***by*Wallace B. Crowston & Michael H. Wagner**22-31 Empirical Comparison of Models for Short Range Forecasting***by*Gene K. Groff**32-43 Deterministic Discrete Dynamic Programming with Discount Factor Greater than One: Structure of Optimal Policies***by*Yvo M. I. Dirickx**44-49 Another Look at the PERT Assumptions***by*T. C. T. Kotiah & N. D. Wallace**50-55 An Iterative Procedure for the Single-Machine Multi-Product Lot Scheduling Problem***by*C. Loren Doll & D. Clay Whybark**56-64 Capacity Expansion and Specialization***by*A. J. Kalotay**65-75 Alternative Formulation of the Job Shop Problem with Due Dates***by*Charles A. Holloway & Rosser T. Nelson**76-84 Structural Control in a Graded Manpower System***by*G. S. Davies**85-100 An Imbedding Approach to Additive Value Zero-One Problems***by*D. J. White**101-109 N-Job, One Machine Sequencing Problems Under Uncertainty***by*Roger A. Blau**110-125 Planning Horizons for Production Smoothing with Deterministic Demands***by*Howard C. Kunreuther & Thomas E. Morton**126-129 On Characterizing the Extrema of a Function of Two Variables, One of Which is Discrete***by*Hillel Kumin**130-132 Note--A Note on Least Squares Fitting of Functions Constrained to be Either Nonnegative, Nondecreasing or Convex***by*Warren Dent**133-135 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### August 1973, Volume 19, Issue 12

**1345-1354 Physician Supply and Surgical Demand Forecasting: A Regional Manpower Study***by*A. Reisman & B. V. Dean & A. O. Esogbue & V. Aggarwal & V. Kaujalgi & P. Lewy & J. S. Gravenstein**1355-1367 Forecasting and Systems Approach: A Frame of Reference***by*Erich Jantsch**1368-1378 Square Root Laws for Fire Engine Response Distances***by*Peter Kolesar & Edward H. Blum**1379-1383 A Time-Sharing Computer Program for the Solution of the Multiple Criteria Problem***by*James S. Dyer**1384-1394 Utility and Perceived Acceptability of R&D Project Selection Models***by*William E. Souder**1395-1406 Media Scheduling: A Stochastic Dynamic Model Approach***by*Fred S. Zufryden**1407-1413 A Model for Cash Balance Management***by*Daniel P. Heyman**1414-1422 Distributional Constraints in Public Expenditure Planning***by*Martin Feldstein & Harold Luft**1423-1432 An Experimental Analysis of Network Planning***by*William R. King & Paul A. Lukas**1433-1443 Scientific Manpower Allocation to New Drug Screening Programs***by*E. B. Pyle, III & B. Douglas & G. W. Ebright & W. J. Westlake & A. D. Bender**1444-1451 Determination of Excess Stock Quantities***by*Anthony Hart**1452-1458 A Simple Style Goods Inventory Model***by*Philip H. Hartung**1459-1462 A Note on the Possibility of Decentralization in a Model of Allocation of Resources***by*Pradip Maiti & Ramprasad Sengupta

### July 1973, Volume 19, Issue 11

**1213-1221 Evaluating Market Segmentation Studies: The Properties of R 2***by*Donald G. Morrison**1222-1228 A Characterization of M/G/1 Queues with Renewal Departure Processes***by*Ralph L. Disney & Robert L. Farrell & Paulo Renato De Morais**1229-1240 Quadratic Inventory Cost Approximations and the Aggregation of Individual Products***by*L. J. Krajewski & V. A. Mabert & H. E. Thompson**1241-1248 Dynamic Facility Location***by*George O. Wesolowsky**1249-1256 Optimal Control of Time-Varying Queuing Systems***by*F. T. Man**1257-1270 Necessary Conditions for Optimality for Paths Lying on a Corner***by*Jason L. Speyer**1271-1282 Economically Optimum Design of Cusum Charts***by*Amrit L. Goel & S. M. Wu**1283-1288 Scheduling to Minimize the Number of Late Jobs When Set-Up and Processing Times are Uncertain***by*Stephen J. Balut**1289-1291 An Optimal Stopping Problem of a Growing Inventory***by*Eithan Hochman**1292-1294 Optimal Issuing Policies***by*Mark Brown & Sheldon M. Ross**1295-1300 A Class of Deterministic Production Planning Problems***by*R. Jagannathan & M. R. Rao**1301-1309 On a Discounted Replacement Problem with Arbitrary Repair Time Distribution***by*B. D. Sivazlian**1310-1321 Column Dropping Procedures for the Generalized Programming Algorithm***by*Frederic H. Murphy**1322-1325 Lot Size Scheduling on a Single Machine for Stochastic Demand***by*S. K. Goyal**1326-1331 On Chance Constrained Programming Problems with Joint Constraints***by*Vijay S. Bawa**1332-1333 Note--A Note on "The Influence of Setup Time on Job Shop Performance" by Wilbrecht and Prescott***by*Sumer C. Aggarwal**1334-1334 Communication to the Editor--Inches and Dollars***by*Robert E. Machol**1334-1334 Working Papers Received***by*anonymous**1334-1334 Erratum--A Note on Sharpe's Algorithm for Minimizing the Sum of Absolute Deviations in a Simple Regression Problem***by*M. K. Rao & V. Srinivasan**1335-1338 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### June 1973, Volume 19, Issue 10

**1105-1109 Preface to Management Science, Ecology and the Quality of Life***by*A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper & G. Kozmetsky**1110-1121 Technology and Environment***by*Herbert A. Simon**1122-1137 Management Science, Economics and Environmental Science***by*Allen V. Kneese**1138-1150 Organization for Environmental Management--National and Transnational***by*Neil H. Jacoby