# INFORMS

# Management Science

Postal: 7240 Parkway Drive, Suite 300, Hanover, MD 21076 USA

Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

**For corrections or technical questions regarding this series, please contact (Mirko Janc)**

**Series handle:**repec:inm:ormnsc

**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### November 1972, Volume 19, Issue 3

**350-352 Communications to the Editor--The Status of Nonserial Dynamic Programming***by*Augustine O. Esogbue & Barry Randall Marks**352-353 Communication to the Editor--On Rearranging Matrices to Block Angular Form***by*James K. Hartman**354-356 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### October 1972, Volume 19, Issue 2

**121-131 Management Sciences in an Underdeveloped Country: The Case of Operations Research in Peru***by*Francisco R. Sagasti**132-138 A Hospital Admission System Based on Nursing Work Load***by*Fred L. Offensend**139-151 A Dynamic Model for Bond Portfolio Management***by*Stephen P. Bradley & Dwight B. Crane**152-160 A System of Promotional Models***by*Ambar G. Rao & Gary Lilien**161-172 A Simultaneous Decision Model for Production, Marketing and Finance***by*William W. Damon & Richard Schramm**173-186 On Normal Approximations of the Frequency Functions of Standard Forms Where the Main Variables are Normally Distributed***by*Jack C. Hayya & William L. Ferrara**187-200 Some Problems in using Diffusion Models for New Products***by*Irwin Bernhardt & Kenneth D. Mackenzie**201-204 Summary of a Simple Model of Mode Choice***by*Billy J. Eatherly**205-210 A Note on the Use of Nonparametric Statistics in Stochastic Linear Programming***by*Gerhard Tintner & M. V. Rama Sastry**211-221 A Comparative Study of Methods for Long-Range Market Forecasting***by*J. Scott Armstrong & Michael C. Grohman**222-225 A Note on Sharpe's Algorithm for Minimizing the Sum of Absolute Deviations in a Simple Regression Problem***by*M. R. Rao & V. Srinivasan**226-227 Further Improvements in the Polynomial Zero-One Algorithm***by*Hamdy A. Taha**228-229 Précis--A Brief Note on the Dimensionality of the Supervisory Inventory on Human Relations***by*S. B. Khan & George Morgan**230-233 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### September 1972, Volume 19, Issue 1

**1-10 Parallel Line Assignment Problems***by*Morton Klein & Hiroshi Takamori**11-24 Dialectical Decision Theory: A Meta-Theory of Decision-Making***by*Ian I. Mitrofff & Frederick Betz**25-30 Substitution Effects in Geometric Programming***by*Henri Theil**31-41 Uncertain Value Functions***by*D. J. White**42-45 On Hyperbolic Programming with a Single Constraint and Upper-Bounded Variables***by*S. E. Elmaghraby & S. Arisawa**46-51 Asymptotic Optimal Policies for the Stochastic Sequential Assignment Problem***by*Chris Albright & Cyrus Derman**52-61 A Measure of an Individual's Power in a Group***by*Rami Hofshi & James F. Korsh**62-70 Interactive Goal Programming***by*James S. Dyer**71-75 Optimal Scheduiing of Two Consecutive Idle Periods***by*R. Tibrewala & D. Philippe & J. Browne**76-89 Economic Design of T 2 Control Charts to Maintain Current Control of a Process***by*Douglas C. Montgomery & Phillip J. Klatt**90-95 More on Conditioned Sampling in the Simulation of Stochastic Networks***by*Mark B. Garman**96-104 The Minimum Covering Sphere Problem***by*D. Jack Elzinga & Donald W. Hearn**105-116 Structuring Information Flow to Enhance Innovation***by*Norman R. Baker & James R. Freeland**117-120 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### August 1972, Volume 18, Issue 12

**635-644 The Carolina Population Center Family Planning Administrator Training Game***by*R. Scott Moreland & Kong Chu & Edward Jacobson & Thomas H. Naylor**645-653 Portfolio Performance and the Investment Horizon***by*Haim Levy**654-662 The Resolution of Investment Uncertainty Through Time***by*Harold Bierman, Jr. & Warren H. Hausman**663-675 Reward Functions to Reinforce a Goal-Based Management Process***by*Donald H. Peters**676-690 A Recursive Optimization and Simulation Approach to Analysis with an Application to Transportation Systems***by*Richard L. Nolan & Michael G. Sovereign**691-705 Some Manpower Planning Models Based on Levels of Educational Attainment***by*Warren Balinsky & Arnold Reisman**706-717 Decision Modeling in Case Selection for Medical Utilization Review***by*John O. McClain**718-731 An Efficient Branch and Bound Algorithm for the Warehouse Location Problem***by*Basheer M. Khumawala**732-733 Comments on "Economic Ordering Frequency for Two Items Jointly Replenished" by Frank T. Shu***by*Amarlal H. Kalro**734-743 A Comparison between Two Kinds of Decentralized Optimality Conditions in Nonconvex Programming***by*A. Ten Kate**744-749 Notes--An Index of Health: An Application in Accidents***by*John Morton Krall

### July 1972, Volume 18, Issue 11

**589-599 Optimal Time-Cost Trade-Offs in GERT Networks***by*S. Arisawa & S. E. Elmaghraby**600-602 Note--The Stochastic Cash Balance Problem with Charges Levied Against the Balance***by*Evan L. Porteus & Edwin H. Neave**603-614 Optimal Issuing Policies for Perishable Inventory***by*William P. Pierskalla & Chris D. Roach**615-619 A Note on Verification of Computer Simulation Models***by*Dennis J. Aigner**620-631 The Gradient Projection Method Along Geodesics***by*David G. Luenberger**632-643 A Computer Comparison of Four Quadratic Programming Algorithms***by*Raymond J. Braitsch, Jr.**644-646 The Optimality of Generalized (s, S) Policies under Uniform Demand Densities***by*Evan L. Porteus**647-655 A Bayesian Approach to Quality Control***by*Phillip L. Carter**656-663 A Nonlinear Approximation Method for Solving a Generalized Rectangular Distance Weber Problem***by*G. O. Wesolowsky & R. F. Love**664-682 An Upperbound Algorithm for the Single and Multiple Terminal Delivery Problem***by*Frank A. Tillman & Thomas M. Cain**683-686 The Optimality of Connected Policies for Markovian Systems with Two Types of Service***by*Avraham Beja**687-693 Sequential Optimization of Multimodal Discrete Function with Bounded Rate of Change***by*Bruno O. Shubert**694-705 A Modified Simulation of Cyert, Feigenbaum, and March's Duopoly Model***by*Howard P. Tuckman & L. Peter Holmblad**706-715 Optimal Replacement Policies for a Single Loaded Sliding Standby***by*Claude Henin**716-717 A Comment on a Paper of Maxwell***by*Jeffrey B. Sidney**718-719 A Rejoinder***by*William L. Maxwell**720-720 A Comment on a Paper of Maxwell by J. B. Sidney--A Rejoinder***by*J. M. Moore**721-721 Erratum: Deterministic Production Planning with Concave Costs and Capacity Constraints***by*Michael Florian & Morton Klein

### June 1972, Volume 18, Issue 10

**485-501 Estimating Dynamic Effects of Market Communications Expenditures***by*David B. Montgomery & Alvin J. Silk**502-518 A Planning Model for Construction Minerals***by*Donald Bishko & William A. Wallace**519-525 A Markov Decision Model for Selecting Optimal Credit Control Policies***by*Leon H. Liebman**526-543 A Scoring Methodology for Assessing the Suitability of Management Science Models***by*William E. Souder**544-554 Investment-Borrowing Decisions in Natural Gas Transmission***by*Russell G. Thompson & Michael S. Proctor & R. R. Hocking**555-566 A Model for Aggregate Financial Planning***by*Clement G. Krouse**567-574 An Optimization Approach to Freight Car Allocation Under Time-Mileage Per Diem Rental Rates***by*William P. Allman**575-590 Programme Selection in Research and Development***by*A. Geoffrey Lockett & Anthony E. Gear**591-599 Optimal Inventory Policies under a Hierarchy of Setup Costs***by*Donald M. Simmons**600-607 A Simplified Portrayal for Certain Decision Making Problems***by*Ross H. Johnson**608-609 Preface to the Discussion of the ORSA Guidelines***by*C. West Churchman**609-613 Commentary on ORSA Guidelines***by*Harvey M. Wagner**613-618 The Myth of Objectivity OR Why Science Needs a New Psychology of Science***by*Ian I. Mitroff**618-625 A Student Appraisal of the Proposed Guidelines for Operations Research***by*D. Carpio & B. Cohen & J. Eldred & V. Gangavane & J. Greiner & J. Hall & L. L. Jayaraman & P. Joglekar & R. Levine & A. Noad & S. Prasow & F. Sagasti & F. Smith**626-629 Reflections on the ORSA Guidelines: A Story, a Poem and a Commentary***by*Paul Peters & John Nelson & Chai Kim & Eugene Rathswohl**630-633 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### May 1972, Volume 18, Issue 9

**465-491 Integer Programming Algorithms: A Framework and State-of-the-Art Survey***by*A. M. Geoffrion & R. E. Marsten**492-501 Allocating Resources between Research and Development: A Macro Analysis***by*D. P. Gaver & V. Srinivasan**502-507 More on Min-Max Allocation***by*Evan L. Porteus & Jonathan S. Yormark**508-517 Optimization of Batch Ordering under Deterministic Variable Demand***by*Salah E. Elmaghraby & Vishwas Y. Bawle**518-528 Variance Minimization in Single Machine Sequencing Problems***by*Alan G. Merten & Mervin E. Muller**529-539 Assembly Line Balancing using Best Bud Search***by*Arthur J. Nevins**540-549 Extreme Point Mathematical Programming***by*M. J. L. Kirby & H. R. Love & Kanti Swarup**550-559 Optimal Screening Plans for Nonserial Production Systems***by*Robert R. Britney**560-566 Optimal Control of a Service Facility with Variable Exponential Service Times and Constant Arrival Rate***by*Thomas B. Crabill**567-573 Constraint Qualifications Revisited***by*M. S. Bazaraa & J. J. Goode & C. M. Shetty**574-583 Higher Order Tree Dual Approximation Methods for the Distribution Problem***by*Fred Glover & Darwin Klingman**584-587 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### April 1972, Volume 18, Issue 8

**367-377 Management Science and Management: Implementing Management Science Via Situational Normativism***by*Melvin F. Shakun**378-387 Models for the Minimum Cost Development of Offshore Oil Fields***by*M. D. Devine & W. G. Lesso**388-394 Inventory Systems with Imperfect Asset Information***by*Donald L. Iglehart & Richard C. Morey**395-408 A Goal Programming Model for Academic Resource Allocation***by*Sang M. Lee & Edward R. Clayton**409-424 Earnings Estimates and the Accuracy of Expectational Data***by*Edwin J. Elton & Martin J. Gruber**425-453 The Distribution System Simulator***by*Michael M. Connors & Claude Coray & Carol J. Cuccaro & William K. Green & David W. Low & Harry M. Markowitz**454-469 On the Social Psychology of the Safety Factor: A Case Study in the Sociology of Engineering Science***by*Ian I. Mitroff**470-477 A Direct Approach to Choice under Uncertainty***by*Morton I. Kamien & Nancy L. Schwartz**478-481 A Note on the Centre of Gravity in Depot Location***by*C. D. T. Watson-Gandy

### March 1972, Volume 18, Issue 7

**349-355 A Sequential Stochastic Assignment Problem***by*Cyrus Derman & Gerald J. Lieberman & Sheldon M. Ross**356-369 Risk-Sensitive Markov Decision Processes***by*Ronald A. Howard & James E. Matheson**370-383 Multiproduct Production Scheduling for Style Goods with Limited Capacity, Forecast Revisions and Terminal Delivery***by*Warren H. Hausman & Rein Peterson**384-388 Note--On Experimental Designs for Computer Simulation Experiments***by*Edward J. Ignall**389-389 Note--On the Sequencing of n Jobs on One Machine to Minimize the Number of Jobs Late***by*Salah E. Elmaghraby**390-400 The Labor Assignment Decision and Application of Work Flow Structure Information***by*William K. Holstein & William L. Berry**401-405 A Procedure for Computing the K Best Solutions to Discrete Optimization Problems and Its Application to the Shortest Path Problem***by*Eugene L. Lawler**406-422 Multiparametric Linear Programming***by*Tomas Gal & Josef Nedoma**423-427 Redundant Constraints and Extraneous Variables in Integer Programs***by*David S. Rubin**428-431 On the Loading Problem--A Comment***by*Benjamin Lev**432-433 On the Loading Problem--A Rejoinder***by*Samuel Eilon & Nicos Christofides**434-443 Customers' Optimal Joining Rules for the GI/M/s Queue***by*Uri Yechiali**444-447 Insurance Contracts, As Two-Person Games***by*Robert B. Miller**448-460 Computing Equilibria of Two-Person Games from the Extensive Form***by*Robert Wilson**461-463 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### February 1972, Volume 18, Issue 6

**245-257 The Use of Multiple Ranking Procedures to Analyze Simulations of Management Systems: A Tutorial***by*Jack P. C. Kleijnen & Thomas H. Naylor & Terry G. Seaks**258-268 A Goal Programming Approach to Urban-Suburban Location Preferences***by*James F. Courtney, Jr. & Theodore D. Klastorin & Timothy W. Ruefli**269-278 A Decision and Value Approach to Research Personnel Allocation***by*Martin Childs & Harvey Wolfe**279-288 Computer-Assisted School Bus Scheduling***by*R. D. Angel & W. L. Caudle & R. Noonan & A. Whinston**289-300 Dispatching and Allocating Servers to Stochastically Failing Networks***by*Michael Moses**301-313 On the N-Job One-Machine, Sequence-Independent Scheduling Problem with Tardiness Penalties: A Branch-Bound Solution***by*Joel Shwimer**314-327 OR/MS Implementation in Valle, Colombia, S. A.: A Profile of a Developing Region***by*Ilan Vertinsky**328-343 A Balasian-Based Algorithm for Zero-One Polynomial Programming***by*Hamdy A. Taha**344-351 On the Evaluation of Shortage Costs for Inventory Control of Finished Goods***by*Muhittin Oral & Michael S. Salvador & Arnold Reisman & Burton V. Dean**352-356 Letters to the Editor***by*anonymous**357-358 Précis--Stability of the Dual Cutting-Plane Algorithm for Concave Programming***by*B. L. Fox**358-359 Précis--An Operations Research Approach to the Management of Government Cost-Plus-Award- Fee Contracts***by*John E. Thomas & Edgar J. Manton & James M. Stoms

### January 1972, Volume 18, Issue 5-Part-1

**229-239 Relaxation Methods for Pure and Mixed Integer Programming Problems***by*G. Anthony Gorry & Jeremy F. Shapiro & Laurence A. Wolsey**240-248 The Efficiency of Computer Algorithms for Plant Layout***by*Larry P. Ritzman**249-264 Stochastic Growth Models***by*Robert S. Kaplan**265-275 Inventory Control with Probabilistic Demand and Periodic Withdrawals***by*Warren H. Hausman & L. Joseph Thomas**276-287 Utility Functions for Multiattributed Consequences***by*Ralph L. Keeney**288-298 Machine Replacement with Stochastic Costs***by*Basil A. Kalymon**299-311 A Generalized Lagrange Multiplier Algorithm for Optimum or Near Optimum Production Scheduling***by*J. P. Evans & F. J. Gould**312-318 Equilibria of Polymatrix Games***by*Joseph T. Howson, Jr.**319-326 Purchasing Priorities in Queues***by*K. R. Balachandran**327-338 A Facilities in Series Inventory Model with Nested Schedules***by*Stephen F. Love**339-343 Notes--Note on "Markovian Decision Models for Reject Allowance Problems"***by*Prakash G. Awate

### January 1972, Volume 18, Issue 5-Part-2

**1-2 Introduction to a Dedicated Issue on Game Theory and Gaming***by*Melvin F. Shakun**3-19 An Overview of the Mathematical Theory of Games***by*William F. Lucas**20-36 On the Scope of Gaming***by*Martin Shubik**37-53 On Gaming and Game Theory***by*Martin Shubik**54-63 Some Thoughts on the Minimax Principle***by*R. J. Aumann & M. Maschler**64-79 Multilinear Extensions of Games***by*Guillermo Owen**80-106 A Generalized Nash Solution for Two-Person Bargaining Games with Incomplete Information***by*John C. Harsanyi & Reinhard Selten**107-109 The Hide and Seek Game of Von Neumann***by*Merrill M. Flood**110-228 A Quasi-Game Theory Approach to Pricing***by*Ambar G. Rao & Melvin F. Shakun

### December 1971, Volume 18, Issue 4-Part-II

**1-2 Preface to Management Science: Marketing Management Models***by*David B. Montgomery**3-24 A Multiple-Product Sales Force Allocation Model***by*David B. Montgomery & Alvin J. Silk & Carlos E. Zaragoza**25-40 Callplan: An Interactive Salesman's Call Planning System***by*Leonard M. Lodish**41-54 Experiences with a Sales Districting Model: Criteria and Implementation***by*Sidney W. Hess & Stuart A. Samuels**55-63 Allocating Sales Force Effort with Commissions and Quotas***by*Otto A. Davis & John U. Farley**64-72 Optimal Advertising Expenditure***by*Maurice W. Sasieni**73-89 Behavioral Measurement for Marketing Models: Estimating the Effects of Advertising Repetition for Media Planning***by*Michael L. Ray & Alan G. Sawyer**90-101 Optimizing Consumer Advertising, Intermediary Advertising and Markup in a Vertical Market Structure***by*Philippe A. Naert**102-113 A Probablistic Market Model of Purchase Timing and Brand Selection***by*Jerome Herniter**114-128 A Graph Theory Approach to Comparing Consumer Information Processing Models***by*James R. Bettman

### December 1971, Volume 18, Issue 4-Part-I

**117-133 On the Management of Inquiry***by*Frederick Betz**134-144 The Operation of Academic Departments***by*Walter C. Hobbs & G. Lester Anderson**145-154 Optimal Sorting in Industrial Operations***by*P. Zusman & W. G. O'Regan**155-157 A Linear Risk Constraint in Capital Budgeting***by*G. A. Whitmore & S. Darkazanli**158-173 A Branch and Bound Algorithm for Minimizing Cost in Project Scheduling***by*A. Thomas Mason & Colin L. Moodie**174-185 Optimal Defense of Multi-Commodity Networks***by*Mandell Bellmore & H. Donald Ratliff**186-199 A Model for Evaluating VSTOL Versus CTOL Combat Aircraft Systems***by*Seymour Horowitz & Robert Shishko**200-213 Forecasting and Scheduling for Past-Model Replacement Parts***by*John R. Moore, Jr.**214-219 A Taylor's Theorem--Central Limit Theorem Approximation: Its Use in Obtaining the Probability Distribution of Long-Range Profit***by*Dennis E. Smith**220-231 Product Design: Subassemblies for Multiple Markets***by*David P. Rutenberg & Timothy L. Shaftel**232-237 Letter to the Editor--Collective Planning, The French Experience***by*Antoine P. Delarue**237-239 Letter to the Editor--A Note on the Economics of Metallurgical Coke Production***by*Jon P. Nelson**239-240 Letter to the Editor--Reply to Nelson's Comments***by*Che S. Tsao & Richard H. Day**240-241 Letter to the Editor--A Note on Scheduling a Multi-Product Single Machine System for an Infinite Planning Period***by*Robert W. Haessler**241-241 Erratum: Cargo Vehicle Productivity***by*Robert McQuie

### November 1971, Volume 18, Issue 3

**119-144 Manpower Planning in Hierarchical Organizations: A Computer Simulation Approach***by*Wesley L. Weber**145-156 Infinite-Horizon Optimality in an Equipment Replacement and Capacity Expansion Model***by*David S. P. Hopkins**157-170 Infinite Horizon Programs***by*Richard C. Grinold**171-183 Bond Refunding with Stochastic Interest Rates***by*Basil A. Kalymon**184-193 An Implicit Enumeration Algorithm for the Concave Cost Network Flow Problem***by*M. Florian & P. Robillard**194-206 Set Covering and Involutory Bases***by*Mandell Bellmore & H. Donald Ratliff**207-217 Conditional Monte Carlo: A Simulation Technique for Stochastic Network Analysis***by*John M. Burt, Jr. & Mark B. Garman**218-225 Risk Aversion in Chance Constrained Portfolio Selection***by*David H. Pyle & Stephen J. Turnovsky**227-228 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### October 1971, Volume 18, Issue 2

**1-13 Mean-Absolute-Deviation Characteristic Lines for Securities and Portfolios***by*William F. Sharpe**14-18 A Model for National Development***by*J. F. Brotchie & A. R. Toakley & R. Sharpe**19-29 The Economics of Manpower Pooling***by*David W. Conrath & William F. Hamilton**30-31 The Crop Planning Decision Problem: A Comment***by*Christian T. L. Janssen**32-35 Axiomatic Characterization of the Time-Weighted Rate of Return***by*Kenneth B. Gray, Jr. & Robert B. K. Dewar**36-51 Cargo Vehicle Productivity***by*Robert McQuie**52-67 The Role of Decision Models in the Evaluation of Competing Environmental Health Alternatives***by*Albert J. Klee**68-79 Organizational Joint Problem-Solving***by*Robert L. Swinth**80-88 Subjective Estimates and Scheduling Decisions***by*William J. Abernathy**89-96 Estimation of Forecast Errors for Seasonal-Style-Goods Sales***by*Sang Hoon Chang & David E. Fyffe**97-110 Managerial Work: Analysis from Observation***by*Henry Mintzberg**113-115 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### September 1971, Volume 18, Issue 1

**1-6 State-Dependent System Residence times for time Shared Queues***by*Stephen R. Kimbleton**7-11 Some Bounds for Discounted Sequential Decision Processes***by*Evan L. Porteus**12-20 Deterministic Production Planning with Concave Costs and Capacity Constraints***by*Michael Florian & Morton Klein**21-38 Estimating Sample Size in Computing Simulation Experiments***by*George S. Fishman**39-47 Economic Order Quantities and Multiple Set-Up Costs***by*Steven A. Lippman**48-58 Maximal Flow in a Multi-Terminal Network with Any One Arc Subject to Failure***by*Pierre J. Doulliez & M. R. Rao**59-73 On Time Flow Mechanisms for Discrete System Simulation***by*Richard K. Nance**74-83 Extensions of the Group Theoretic Approach in Integer Programming***by*Laurence A. Wolsey**84-86 On Elmaghraby's "The Theory of Networks and Management Science"***by*Jin Y. Yen**87-87 Rejoinder***by*Salah E. Elmaghraby