# INFORMS

# Management Science

Postal: 7240 Parkway Drive, Suite 300, Hanover, MD 21076 USA

Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

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**Series handle:**repec:inm:ormnsc

**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### December 1973, Volume 20, Issue 4-Part-II

**656-664 A Dynamic Programming Model for the Expansion of Electric Power Systems***by*E. R. Petersen**665-674 The Pit Charging Problem in Steel Production***by*J. A. Buzacott & J. R. Callahan**675-685 A Planning Model for a Water Quality Management Agency***by*Anthony C. Taylor**686-698 Ambulance Location: A Probabilistic Enumeration Approach***by*C. Swoveland & D. Uyeno & I. Vertinsky & R. Vickson**699-707 A Simulation Model for the Evaluation of Fishing Trawler Designs***by*T. B. Nickerson & T. G. O'Flaherty & D. W. Rice**708-720 Sure Staf: A Computerized Staff Scheduling System for Telephone Business Offices***by*J. G. Church**721-724 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### November 1973, Volume 20, Issue 3

**261-273 A Long-Range Selection and Timing Analysis System for Facility Location: Implementation***by*Carl F. Meyer**274-281 A Bayesian Sequential Multi-Decision Problem***by*N. H. Noe & S. Ehrenfeld**282-292 Nested Decomposition and Multi-Stage Linear Programs***by*C. Roger Glassey**293-307 An Economic Evaluation of Job Shop Dispatching Rules***by*C. H. Jones**308-312 The Estimation of Nonstationary Transition Probabilities***by*Warren Dent**313-318 Bounded Production and Inventory Models with Piecewise Concave Costs***by*Stephen F. Love**319-330 An Extension to Modigliani and Hohn's Planning Horizons Results***by*Zvi Lieber**331-340 Assignment Problem Based on Ordinal Preferences***by*Peter Gardenfors**341-348 Computer Simulation for Mixed-Model Production Lines***by*J. L. C. Macaskill**349-362 Optimization of Deterministic, Multiproduct Inventory Model with Joint Replenishment***by*Luigi Mariani & Bernardo Nicoletti**363-369 Statistical Analysis for Queueing Simulations***by*George S. Fishman**370-372 A Simple Expression for the Shapley Value in a Special Case***by*S. C. Littlechild & G. Owen**373-377 Regularity Conditions for a Class of Convex Programs***by*Stanley J. Garstka**378-384 Imperfect Inspection in a Multistage Production Process***by*E. Gerald Hurst, Jr.**385-395 Sequential Policies for Bank Money Management***by*Gordon Pye**396-417 Profit Analyses and Sequential Bid Pricing Models***by*K. O. Kortanek & J. V. Sodeni & D. Sodaro**418-419 Note--On the Weber Problem with Rectangular Distance: A Comment***by*J. M. Huriot & J. Perreur**420-422 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### October 1973, Volume 20, Issue 2

**137-145 The Political Properties of Crystalline H 2 O: Planning for Snow Emergencies in New York***by*E. S. Savas**146-153 Airline Seat Share: A Study in False Optimization***by*Seymour D. Barcun & Peter Jeming**154-158 Alternate Formulations for Static Multi-Attribute Assignment Models***by*V. Srinivasan & G. L. Thompson**159-168 The Application of an Implicit Enumeration Algorithm to the School Desegregation Problem***by*Robin Segerblom Liggett**169-178 Nonlinear Effluent Charges***by*Terry A. Ferrar**179-190 An Optimum Budget Allocation Model for Dynamic, Interacting Market Segments***by*Dennis H. Gensch & Ulf Peter Welam**191-202 Mail-Order Demands for Style Goods: Theory and Data Analysis***by*Warren H. Hausman & Richard St.G. Sides**203-213 Allocation Processes with Variable Channel Queues***by*Marvin Hersh**214-220 Stag Monotone Experimental Design Algorithm (SMEDAL)***by*Alexander Morgan**221-231 A New Algorithm for Locating Sources Among Destinations***by*A. M. El-Shaieb**232-235 Determination of Economic Packaging Frequency for Items Jointly Replenished***by*S. K. Goyal**236-239 On a Class of Stochastic Optimization Problems with a Specified Growth Pattern***by*Masao Nakamura**240-252 Antecedents and Consequences of Research Planning in a University Setting***by*William F. Glueck & Ingrid Deich**253-256 Letters to the Editor***by*anonymous**257-259 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### September 1973, Volume 20, Issue 1

**1-13 Markovian Decision Processes with Probabilistic Observation of States***by*J. K. Satia & R. E. Lave**14-21 Dynamic Lot Size Models for Multi-Stage Assembly Systems***by*Wallace B. Crowston & Michael H. Wagner**22-31 Empirical Comparison of Models for Short Range Forecasting***by*Gene K. Groff**32-43 Deterministic Discrete Dynamic Programming with Discount Factor Greater than One: Structure of Optimal Policies***by*Yvo M. I. Dirickx**44-49 Another Look at the PERT Assumptions***by*T. C. T. Kotiah & N. D. Wallace**50-55 An Iterative Procedure for the Single-Machine Multi-Product Lot Scheduling Problem***by*C. Loren Doll & D. Clay Whybark**56-64 Capacity Expansion and Specialization***by*A. J. Kalotay**65-75 Alternative Formulation of the Job Shop Problem with Due Dates***by*Charles A. Holloway & Rosser T. Nelson**76-84 Structural Control in a Graded Manpower System***by*G. S. Davies**85-100 An Imbedding Approach to Additive Value Zero-One Problems***by*D. J. White**101-109 N-Job, One Machine Sequencing Problems Under Uncertainty***by*Roger A. Blau**110-125 Planning Horizons for Production Smoothing with Deterministic Demands***by*Howard C. Kunreuther & Thomas E. Morton**126-129 On Characterizing the Extrema of a Function of Two Variables, One of Which is Discrete***by*Hillel Kumin**130-132 Note--A Note on Least Squares Fitting of Functions Constrained to be Either Nonnegative, Nondecreasing or Convex***by*Warren Dent**133-135 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### August 1973, Volume 19, Issue 12

**1345-1354 Physician Supply and Surgical Demand Forecasting: A Regional Manpower Study***by*A. Reisman & B. V. Dean & A. O. Esogbue & V. Aggarwal & V. Kaujalgi & P. Lewy & J. S. Gravenstein**1355-1367 Forecasting and Systems Approach: A Frame of Reference***by*Erich Jantsch**1368-1378 Square Root Laws for Fire Engine Response Distances***by*Peter Kolesar & Edward H. Blum**1379-1383 A Time-Sharing Computer Program for the Solution of the Multiple Criteria Problem***by*James S. Dyer**1384-1394 Utility and Perceived Acceptability of R&D Project Selection Models***by*William E. Souder**1395-1406 Media Scheduling: A Stochastic Dynamic Model Approach***by*Fred S. Zufryden**1407-1413 A Model for Cash Balance Management***by*Daniel P. Heyman**1414-1422 Distributional Constraints in Public Expenditure Planning***by*Martin Feldstein & Harold Luft**1423-1432 An Experimental Analysis of Network Planning***by*William R. King & Paul A. Lukas**1433-1443 Scientific Manpower Allocation to New Drug Screening Programs***by*E. B. Pyle, III & B. Douglas & G. W. Ebright & W. J. Westlake & A. D. Bender**1444-1451 Determination of Excess Stock Quantities***by*Anthony Hart**1452-1458 A Simple Style Goods Inventory Model***by*Philip H. Hartung**1459-1462 A Note on the Possibility of Decentralization in a Model of Allocation of Resources***by*Pradip Maiti & Ramprasad Sengupta

### July 1973, Volume 19, Issue 11

**1213-1221 Evaluating Market Segmentation Studies: The Properties of R 2***by*Donald G. Morrison**1222-1228 A Characterization of M/G/1 Queues with Renewal Departure Processes***by*Ralph L. Disney & Robert L. Farrell & Paulo Renato De Morais**1229-1240 Quadratic Inventory Cost Approximations and the Aggregation of Individual Products***by*L. J. Krajewski & V. A. Mabert & H. E. Thompson**1241-1248 Dynamic Facility Location***by*George O. Wesolowsky**1249-1256 Optimal Control of Time-Varying Queuing Systems***by*F. T. Man**1257-1270 Necessary Conditions for Optimality for Paths Lying on a Corner***by*Jason L. Speyer**1271-1282 Economically Optimum Design of Cusum Charts***by*Amrit L. Goel & S. M. Wu**1283-1288 Scheduling to Minimize the Number of Late Jobs When Set-Up and Processing Times are Uncertain***by*Stephen J. Balut**1289-1291 An Optimal Stopping Problem of a Growing Inventory***by*Eithan Hochman**1292-1294 Optimal Issuing Policies***by*Mark Brown & Sheldon M. Ross**1295-1300 A Class of Deterministic Production Planning Problems***by*R. Jagannathan & M. R. Rao**1301-1309 On a Discounted Replacement Problem with Arbitrary Repair Time Distribution***by*B. D. Sivazlian**1310-1321 Column Dropping Procedures for the Generalized Programming Algorithm***by*Frederic H. Murphy**1322-1325 Lot Size Scheduling on a Single Machine for Stochastic Demand***by*S. K. Goyal**1326-1331 On Chance Constrained Programming Problems with Joint Constraints***by*Vijay S. Bawa**1332-1333 Note--A Note on "The Influence of Setup Time on Job Shop Performance" by Wilbrecht and Prescott***by*Sumer C. Aggarwal**1334-1334 Communication to the Editor--Inches and Dollars***by*Robert E. Machol**1334-1334 Working Papers Received***by*anonymous**1334-1334 Erratum--A Note on Sharpe's Algorithm for Minimizing the Sum of Absolute Deviations in a Simple Regression Problem***by*M. K. Rao & V. Srinivasan**1335-1338 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### June 1973, Volume 19, Issue 10

**1105-1109 Preface to Management Science, Ecology and the Quality of Life***by*A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper & G. Kozmetsky**1110-1121 Technology and Environment***by*Herbert A. Simon**1122-1137 Management Science, Economics and Environmental Science***by*Allen V. Kneese**1138-1150 Organization for Environmental Management--National and Transnational***by*Neil H. Jacoby**1151-1161 The ORSA New Orleans Address on Compact City***by*George B. Dantzig**1162-1171 Management Science, Ecology, and the Quality of Life: The Law and the Legal Process***by*Michael A. Duggan**1172-1188 Measuring, Monitoring and Modeling Quality of Life***by*A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper & G. Kozmetsky**1189-1208 A Model to Study Revenue Sharing and Account for Regionalized Economic Activity and Social Goals***by*A. Charnes & C. Colantoni & W. W. Cooper & K. O. Kortanek**1209-1211 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### May 1973, Volume 19, Issue 9

**973-984 Parameters of Discrete Time Models of Detection of Change***by*Amnon Rapoport & Graham J. Burkheimer**985-1000 Queuing Processes at Competing Service Facilities***by*Matthew J. Sobel**1001-1012 Operating Policies in Multiechelon Dual-Constraint Job Shops***by*John S. Fryer**1013-1018 Control Policies for a Single Server System***by*K. R. Balachandran**1019-1022 Tests for Suboptimal Actions in Discounted Markov Programming***by*N. A. J. Hastings & J. M. C. Mello**1023-1028 Investment in Series and Parallel Systems to Maximize Expected Life***by*S. E. Jacobsen & S. Arunkumar**1029-1041 Majority Rule Under Transitivity Constraints***by*V. J. Bowman & C. S. Colantoni**1042-1051 An Efficient Minimal Cost Flow Algorithm***by*G. E. Bennington**1052-1062 Simplification Activities in a Network Scheduling Context***by*William J. Abernathy & Joel S. Demski**1063-1066 Job Shop Sequencing Problem on Two Machines with Time Lag Constraints***by*S. S. Panwalkar**1067-1081 A Variational Study of Optimal Resource Profiles***by*G. Cullingford & J. D. C. A. Prideaux**1082-1086 State Substitution and the Estimation of Transition Probabilities***by*Warren T. Dent**1087-1092 Minimal Cost Cut Equivalent Networks***by*Jean-Claude Picard & H. Donald Ratliff**1093-1096 Note--Economic Ordering Frequency for Several Items Jointly Replenished***by*Dominique J. Nocturne**1096-1099 Note--A Note on the Deterministic Capacity Problem***by*Richard J. Giglio**1100-1103 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### April 1973, Volume 19, Issue 8

**841-856 Decentralization by Function and Location***by*Manfred Kochen & Karl W. Deutsch**857-872 Linear Programming and Financial Analysis of the New Community Development Process***by*Richard L. Heroux & William A. Wallace**873-883 From Statistical Decision Theory to Practice: Some Problems with the Transition***by*David W. Conrath**884-894 Cognitive Style and the Acceptance of Management Science Recommendations***by*Robert H. Doktor & William F. Hamilton**895-906 A Survey of Management Science in University Operations***by*Roger G. Schroeder**907-923 Analytical Effectiveness of Mathematical Models for R&D Project Selection***by*William E. Souder**924-935 Multistage Production for Stochastic Seasonal Demand***by*Wallace B. Crowston & Warren H. Hausman & William R. Kampe, II**936-946 A Class of Solutions for Group Decision Problems***by*P. L. Yu**947-960 Representation and Analysis of Multi-Stage Problems in R & D***by*A. G. Lockett & A. E. Gear**961-966 A Mathematical Programming Model for Test Construction and Scoring***by*Martin Feuerman & Harvey Weiss**967-967 Précis--The Quantitative Approach to Marketing--A Selected Bibliography (1966-1971)***by*R. W. Fisher & M. Hirst**967-968 Précis--A Statistical Model for Efficiency Comparisons in a Multiple Unit Industrial Operation***by*W. H. Williams & H. Chen**969-971 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### March 1973, Volume 19, Issue 7

**717-731 Semi-Markov Decision Processes with Unbounded Rewards***by*Steven A. Lippman**732-738 Joint Pricing and Inventory Decisions for Constant Priced Items***by*Howard Kunreuther & Linus Schrage**739-746 An Example of Loosely Coupled Stages in Dynamic Programming***by*D. J. White**747-762 Stochastic Programs with Recourse: Random Recourse Costs Only***by*Stanley J. Garstka**763-772 Optimal Use of Control Charts for Controlling Current Production***by*Shaul P. Ladany**773-777 Bounds on the Wait in a GI/M/k Queue***by*Shelby L. Brumelle**778-782 The Joint Stationary Multivariate Queue Length Distribution in a Single Server Queueing System with N Queues, Arbitrary Priorities, and a General Probabilistic Inter-Queue Transition Matrix***by*T. K. Wignall & E. G. Enns**783-789 Duality Theory for Infinite Horizon Convex Models***by*Martin L. Weitzman**790-799 Computational Experience with an M-Salesman Traveling Salesman Algorithm***by*Joseph A. Svestka & Vaughn E. Huckfeldt**800-808 An Analysis of a Multi-Line Re-Order System Using a Can-Order Policy***by*Michael J. Maher & John C. Gittins & Roger W. Morgan**809-824 The Equivalence of Integer Programs to Constrained Recursive Systems***by*Patanjali S. Nanda**825-829 The Use of Distribution Functions to Represent Utility Functions***by*Marvin H. Berhold**830-837 Communications to the Editor***by*anonymous**838-840 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### February 1973, Volume 19, Issue 6

**593-603 Toward a Normative Model of Promotional Decision Making***by*David A. Aaker**604-612 A Markovian Analysis of a Geriatric Ward***by*Jack Meredith**613-626 The Journal Selection Problem in a University Library System***by*D. H. Kraft & T. W. Hill, Jr.**627-636 A Methodology for Emergency Ambulance Deployment***by*James A. Fitzsimmons**637-645 Blood Bank Inventory Control***by*John B. Jennings**646-666 Hospital Admission Systems: Their Evaluation and Management***by*John H. Milsum & Efraim Turban & Ilan Vertinsky**667-675 Allocation of Importance in a Hierarchial Goal Structure***by*Yutaka Sayeki & Karl H. Vesper**676-687 An Experimental Investigation of Decision Making in a Simulated Research and Development Environment***by*Herbert Moskowitz**688-702 Decision Rules in Chance-Constrained Programming: Some Experimental Comparisons***by*Douglas V. Smith**703-710 Approximation Formulae for Estimation of Waiting-Time in Multiple-Channel Queueing System***by*Erik Maaløe**711-712 Note--A Note on Decision Making and Replacing Sure Prospects with Uncertain Prospects***by*Martin Shubik**713-715 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### January 1973, Volume 19, Issue 5

**475-487 A Program for Research on Management Information Systems***by*Richard O. Mason & Ian I. Mitroff**488-498 A Computational Approach to the Selection of an Optimal Network***by*Hoang Hai Hoc**499-509 A Composite Heterogeneous Model for Brand Choice Behavior***by*J. Morgan Jones**510-516 An Inverse-Basis Method for Beale's Quadratic Programming Algorithm***by*A. H. Land & G. Morton**517-527 Economic Lot Size Determination in Multi-Stage Assembly Systems***by*Wallace B. Crowston & Michael Wagner & Jack F. Williams**528-543 Improved Combinatorial Programming Algorithms for a Class of All-Zero-One Integer Programming Problems***by*John F. Pierce & Jeffrey S. Lasky**544-546 Optimal Sequencing of a Single Machine Subject to Precedence Constraints***by*E. L. Lawler**547-554 Extensions of the Fundamental Theorem of Exponential Smoothing***by*Kenneth O. Cogger**555-566 A Simple Continuous Review Deterministic One-Warehouse N-Retailer Inventory Problem***by*Leroy B. Schwarz**567-574 Continuous-Review (s, S) Inventory Models with State-Dependent Leadtimes***by*Donald Gross & Carl M. Harris**575-580 The Effectiveness of Three Heuristic Rules for Job Sequencing in a Single Production Facility***by*R. D. Haynes & C. A. Komar & Jack Byrd, Jr.**581-582 Note--A Comment on the Use of Simplex Method for Absolute Value Problems***by*Arunachalam Ravindran & Thomas W. Hill, Jr.**582-584 Note--Derivation from Queueing Theory of an Identity Related to Abel's Generalization of the Binomial Theorem, which is Useful in Graph Theory***by*Robert B. Cooper**585-587 A Note on Parametric Network Flows***by*Edward Minieka**588-591 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### December 1972, Volume 19, Issue 4-Part-2

**1-6 Introduction to Urban Issues II***by*W. W. Cooper**7-20 Information Requirements for Urban Systems: A View into the Possible Future?***by*A. Charnes & G. Kozmetsky & T. Ruefli**21-34 Citizen Information Systems: Using Technology to Extend the Dialogue between Citizens and Their Government***by*Norman Johnson & Edward Ward**35-36 Discussion***by*David B. Hertz**37-38 Discussion***by*Michael J. Flax**39-77 A Simulation of Municipal Zoning Decisions***by*Otto A. Davis & Frederick H. Rueter**78-99 The Delivery of Ambulatory Care to the Poor: A Literature Review***by*Judith R. Lave & Samuel Leinhardt**100-109 An Application of Operations Research to School Desegregation***by*R. P. Lutz & M. D. Devine & H. J. Kumin & W. C. Smith**110-130 Methods for Allocating Urban Emergency Units: A Survey***by*Jan M. Chaiken & Richard C. Larson

### December 1972, Volume 19, Issue 4-Part-1

**357-368 An Interactive Approach for Multi-Criterion Optimization, with an Application to the Operation of an Academic Department***by*A. M. Geoffrion & J. S. Dyer & A. Feinberg**369-378 Municipal Bond Coupon Schedules with Limitations on the Number of Coupons***by*H. Martin Weingartner**379-380 Notes--Note on "Municipal Bond Coupon Schedules with Limitations on the Number of Coupons"***by*Marshall Freimer & Mendu R. Rao & H. Martin Weingartner**381-388 The Use of the Delphi Procedures in Manpower Forecasting***by*George T. Milkovich & Anthony J. Annoni & Thomas A. Mahoney**389-390 Constrained Markov Decision Chains***by*Cyrus Derman & Arthur F. Veinott, Jr.**391-405 An Analytical Model of a Two-Product, One-Machine, Production-Inventory System***by*Thom J. Hodgson**406-410 Some Empirical Tests of the Criss-Cross Method***by*Stanley Zionts**411-422 A Mathematical Programming Model for Scheduling Nursing Personnel in a Hospital***by*D. Michael Warner & Juan Prawda**423-434 Production-Line Balances for Mixed-Model Lines***by*J. L. C. Macaskill**435-445 Environmental Structure and Programmed Decision Effectiveness***by*Ronald J. Ebert**446-455 Critical Path Problems with Concave Cost-Time Curves***by*James E. Falk & Joel L. Horowitz**456-463 Chromatic Scheduling and the Chromatic Number Problem***by*J. Randall Brown

### November 1972, Volume 19, Issue 3

**235-249 Engineering Design Optimization Under Risk***by*Joel Weisman & A. G. Holzman**250-253 Equivalent Formulations of the Stochastic Cash Balance Problem***by*Evan L. Porteus**254-265 A Matrix Solution for the Two Server Queue with Overflow***by*Ralph L. Disney**266-271 Solution of a Satisficing Model for Random Payoff Games***by*R. G. Cassidy & C. A. Field & M. J. L. Kirby**272-289 Mathematical Programming Methods of Pattern Classification***by*Richard C. Grinold**290-296 The Determination of Partial Moments***by*Robert L. Winkler & Gary M. Roodman & Robert R. Britney**297-313 Optimal Control of a Single-Server Queue with Balking and Reneging***by*Joseph D. Blackburn**314-318 A Central Limit Theorem for Present Values of Discounted Cash Flows***by*Edmund H. Mantell**319-332 Portfolio Models with Stochastic Cash Demands***by*Andrew H. Y. Chen & Prank C. Jen & Stanley Zionts**333-335 Notes--On the Efficiency of a Direct Search Method to Locate Negative Cycles in a Network***by*Jin Y. Yen**335-336 Rejoinder: Direct Search Method for Finding Negative Cycles***by*M. Florian & P. Robert**337-349 Chance-Constrained Linear Programming with Chi-Square Type Deviates***by*Jati K. Sengupta