# INFORMS

# Management Science

Postal: 7240 Parkway Drive, Suite 300, Hanover, MD 21076 USA

Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

**For corrections or technical questions regarding this series, please contact (Mirko Janc)**

**Series handle:**repec:inm:ormnsc

**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### 1973, Volume 19, Issue 8

**895-906 A Survey of Management Science in University Operations***by*Roger G. Schroeder**907-923 Analytical Effectiveness of Mathematical Models for R&D Project Selection***by*William E. Souder**924-935 Multistage Production for Stochastic Seasonal Demand***by*Wallace B. Crowston & Warren H. Hausman & William R. Kampe, II**936-946 A Class of Solutions for Group Decision Problems***by*P. L. Yu**947-960 Representation and Analysis of Multi-Stage Problems in R & D***by*A. G. Lockett & A. E. Gear**961-966 A Mathematical Programming Model for Test Construction and Scoring***by*Martin Feuerman & Harvey Weiss**967-967 Précis--The Quantitative Approach to Marketing--A Selected Bibliography (1966-1971)***by*R. W. Fisher & M. Hirst**969-971 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1973, Volume 19, Issue 7

**717-731 Semi-Markov Decision Processes with Unbounded Rewards***by*Steven A. Lippman**732-738 Joint Pricing and Inventory Decisions for Constant Priced Items***by*Howard Kunreuther & Linus Schrage**739-746 An Example of Loosely Coupled Stages in Dynamic Programming***by*D. J. White**747-762 Stochastic Programs with Recourse: Random Recourse Costs Only***by*Stanley J. Garstka**763-772 Optimal Use of Control Charts for Controlling Current Production***by*Shaul P. Ladany**773-777 Bounds on the Wait in a GI/M/k Queue***by*Shelby L. Brumelle**778-782 The Joint Stationary Multivariate Queue Length Distribution in a Single Server Queueing System with N Queues, Arbitrary Priorities, and a General Probabilistic Inter-Queue Transition Matrix***by*T. K. Wignall & E. G. Enns**783-789 Duality Theory for Infinite Horizon Convex Models***by*Martin L. Weitzman**790-799 Computational Experience with an M-Salesman Traveling Salesman Algorithm***by*Joseph A. Svestka & Vaughn E. Huckfeldt**800-808 An Analysis of a Multi-Line Re-Order System Using a Can-Order Policy***by*Michael J. Maher & John C. Gittins & Roger W. Morgan**809-824 The Equivalence of Integer Programs to Constrained Recursive Systems***by*Patanjali S. Nanda**825-829 The Use of Distribution Functions to Represent Utility Functions***by*Marvin H. Berhold**830-837 Communications to the Editor***by*anonymous**838-840 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1973, Volume 19, Issue 6

**593-603 Toward a Normative Model of Promotional Decision Making***by*David A. Aaker**604-612 A Markovian Analysis of a Geriatric Ward***by*Jack Meredith**613-626 The Journal Selection Problem in a University Library System***by*D. H. Kraft & T. W. Hill, Jr.**627-636 A Methodology for Emergency Ambulance Deployment***by*James A. Fitzsimmons**637-645 Blood Bank Inventory Control***by*John B. Jennings**646-666 Hospital Admission Systems: Their Evaluation and Management***by*John H. Milsum & Efraim Turban & Ilan Vertinsky**667-675 Allocation of Importance in a Hierarchial Goal Structure***by*Yutaka Sayeki & Karl H. Vesper**676-687 An Experimental Investigation of Decision Making in a Simulated Research and Development Environment***by*Herbert Moskowitz**688-702 Decision Rules in Chance-Constrained Programming: Some Experimental Comparisons***by*Douglas V. Smith**703-710 Approximation Formulae for Estimation of Waiting-Time in Multiple-Channel Queueing System***by*Erik Maaløe**711-712 Note--A Note on Decision Making and Replacing Sure Prospects with Uncertain Prospects***by*Martin Shubik**713-715 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1973, Volume 19, Issue 5

**475-487 A Program for Research on Management Information Systems***by*Richard O. Mason & Ian I. Mitroff**488-498 A Computational Approach to the Selection of an Optimal Network***by*Hoang Hai Hoc**499-509 A Composite Heterogeneous Model for Brand Choice Behavior***by*J. Morgan Jones**510-516 An Inverse-Basis Method for Beale's Quadratic Programming Algorithm***by*A. H. Land & G. Morton**517-527 Economic Lot Size Determination in Multi-Stage Assembly Systems***by*Wallace B. Crowston & Michael Wagner & Jack F. Williams**528-543 Improved Combinatorial Programming Algorithms for a Class of All-Zero-One Integer Programming Problems***by*John F. Pierce & Jeffrey S. Lasky**544-546 Optimal Sequencing of a Single Machine Subject to Precedence Constraints***by*E. L. Lawler**547-554 Extensions of the Fundamental Theorem of Exponential Smoothing***by*Kenneth O. Cogger**555-566 A Simple Continuous Review Deterministic One-Warehouse N-Retailer Inventory Problem***by*Leroy B. Schwarz**567-574 Continuous-Review (s, S) Inventory Models with State-Dependent Leadtimes***by*Donald Gross & Carl M. Harris**575-580 The Effectiveness of Three Heuristic Rules for Job Sequencing in a Single Production Facility***by*R. D. Haynes & C. A. Komar & Jack Byrd, Jr.**581-582 Note--A Comment on the Use of Simplex Method for Absolute Value Problems***by*Arunachalam Ravindran & Thomas W. Hill, Jr.**582-584 Note--Derivation from Queueing Theory of an Identity Related to Abel's Generalization of the Binomial Theorem, which is Useful in Graph Theory***by*Robert B. Cooper**585-587 A Note on Parametric Network Flows***by*Edward Minieka**588-591 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1972, Volume 19, Issue 4-Part-2

**1-6 Introduction to Urban Issues II***by*W. W. Cooper**7-20 Information Requirements for Urban Systems: A View into the Possible Future?***by*A. Charnes & G. Kozmetsky & T. Ruefli**21-34 Citizen Information Systems: Using Technology to Extend the Dialogue between Citizens and Their Government***by*Norman Johnson & Edward Ward**35-36 Discussion***by*David B. Hertz**37-38 Discussion***by*Michael J. Flax**39-77 A Simulation of Municipal Zoning Decisions***by*Otto A. Davis & Frederick H. Rueter**78-99 The Delivery of Ambulatory Care to the Poor: A Literature Review***by*Judith R. Lave & Samuel Leinhardt**100-109 An Application of Operations Research to School Desegregation***by*R. P. Lutz & M. D. Devine & H. J. Kumin & W. C. Smith**110-130 Methods for Allocating Urban Emergency Units: A Survey***by*Jan M. Chaiken & Richard C. Larson

### 1972, Volume 19, Issue 3

**235-249 Engineering Design Optimization Under Risk***by*Joel Weisman & A. G. Holzman**250-253 Equivalent Formulations of the Stochastic Cash Balance Problem***by*Evan L. Porteus**254-265 A Matrix Solution for the Two Server Queue with Overflow***by*Ralph L. Disney**266-271 Solution of a Satisficing Model for Random Payoff Games***by*R. G. Cassidy & C. A. Field & M. J. L. Kirby**272-289 Mathematical Programming Methods of Pattern Classification***by*Richard C. Grinold**290-296 The Determination of Partial Moments***by*Robert L. Winkler & Gary M. Roodman & Robert R. Britney**297-313 Optimal Control of a Single-Server Queue with Balking and Reneging***by*Joseph D. Blackburn**314-318 A Central Limit Theorem for Present Values of Discounted Cash Flows***by*Edmund H. Mantell**319-332 Portfolio Models with Stochastic Cash Demands***by*Andrew H. Y. Chen & Prank C. Jen & Stanley Zionts**333-335 Notes--On the Efficiency of a Direct Search Method to Locate Negative Cycles in a Network***by*Jin Y. Yen**335-336 Rejoinder: Direct Search Method for Finding Negative Cycles***by*M. Florian & P. Robert**337-349 Chance-Constrained Linear Programming with Chi-Square Type Deviates***by*Jati K. Sengupta**350-352 Communications to the Editor--The Status of Nonserial Dynamic Programming***by*Augustine O. Esogbue & Barry Randall Marks**352-353 Communication to the Editor--On Rearranging Matrices to Block Angular Form***by*James K. Hartman**354-356 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1972, Volume 19, Issue 2

**121-131 Management Sciences in an Underdeveloped Country: The Case of Operations Research in Peru***by*Francisco R. Sagasti**132-138 A Hospital Admission System Based on Nursing Work Load***by*Fred L. Offensend**139-151 A Dynamic Model for Bond Portfolio Management***by*Stephen P. Bradley & Dwight B. Crane**152-160 A System of Promotional Models***by*Ambar G. Rao & Gary Lilien**161-172 A Simultaneous Decision Model for Production, Marketing and Finance***by*William W. Damon & Richard Schramm**173-186 On Normal Approximations of the Frequency Functions of Standard Forms Where the Main Variables are Normally Distributed***by*Jack C. Hayya & William L. Ferrara**187-200 Some Problems in using Diffusion Models for New Products***by*Irwin Bernhardt & Kenneth D. Mackenzie**201-204 Summary of a Simple Model of Mode Choice***by*Billy J. Eatherly**205-210 A Note on the Use of Nonparametric Statistics in Stochastic Linear Programming***by*Gerhard Tintner & M. V. Rama Sastry**211-221 A Comparative Study of Methods for Long-Range Market Forecasting***by*J. Scott Armstrong & Michael C. Grohman**222-225 A Note on Sharpe's Algorithm for Minimizing the Sum of Absolute Deviations in a Simple Regression Problem***by*M. R. Rao & V. Srinivasan**226-227 Further Improvements in the Polynomial Zero-One Algorithm***by*Hamdy A. Taha**228-229 Précis--A Brief Note on the Dimensionality of the Supervisory Inventory on Human Relations***by*S. B. Khan & George Morgan**230-233 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1972, Volume 19, Issue 1

**1-10 Parallel Line Assignment Problems***by*Morton Klein & Hiroshi Takamori**11-24 Dialectical Decision Theory: A Meta-Theory of Decision-Making***by*Ian I. Mitrofff & Frederick Betz**25-30 Substitution Effects in Geometric Programming***by*Henri Theil**31-41 Uncertain Value Functions***by*D. J. White**42-45 On Hyperbolic Programming with a Single Constraint and Upper-Bounded Variables***by*S. E. Elmaghraby & S. Arisawa**46-51 Asymptotic Optimal Policies for the Stochastic Sequential Assignment Problem***by*Chris Albright & Cyrus Derman**52-61 A Measure of an Individual's Power in a Group***by*Rami Hofshi & James F. Korsh**62-70 Interactive Goal Programming***by*James S. Dyer**71-75 Optimal Scheduiing of Two Consecutive Idle Periods***by*R. Tibrewala & D. Philippe & J. Browne**76-89 Economic Design of T 2 Control Charts to Maintain Current Control of a Process***by*Douglas C. Montgomery & Phillip J. Klatt**90-95 More on Conditioned Sampling in the Simulation of Stochastic Networks***by*Mark B. Garman**96-104 The Minimum Covering Sphere Problem***by*D. Jack Elzinga & Donald W. Hearn**105-116 Structuring Information Flow to Enhance Innovation***by*Norman R. Baker & James R. Freeland**117-120 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1972, Volume 18, Issue 12

**635-644 The Carolina Population Center Family Planning Administrator Training Game***by*R. Scott Moreland & Kong Chu & Edward Jacobson & Thomas H. Naylor**645-653 Portfolio Performance and the Investment Horizon***by*Haim Levy**654-662 The Resolution of Investment Uncertainty Through Time***by*Harold Bierman, Jr. & Warren H. Hausman**663-675 Reward Functions to Reinforce a Goal-Based Management Process***by*Donald H. Peters**676-690 A Recursive Optimization and Simulation Approach to Analysis with an Application to Transportation Systems***by*Richard L. Nolan & Michael G. Sovereign**691-705 Some Manpower Planning Models Based on Levels of Educational Attainment***by*Warren Balinsky & Arnold Reisman**706-717 Decision Modeling in Case Selection for Medical Utilization Review***by*John O. McClain**718-731 An Efficient Branch and Bound Algorithm for the Warehouse Location Problem***by*Basheer M. Khumawala**732-733 Comments on "Economic Ordering Frequency for Two Items Jointly Replenished" by Frank T. Shu***by*Amarlal H. Kalro**734-743 A Comparison between Two Kinds of Decentralized Optimality Conditions in Nonconvex Programming***by*A. Ten Kate**744-749 Notes--An Index of Health: An Application in Accidents***by*John Morton Krall

### 1972, Volume 18, Issue 11

**589-599 Optimal Time-Cost Trade-Offs in GERT Networks***by*S. Arisawa & S. E. Elmaghraby**600-602 Note--The Stochastic Cash Balance Problem with Charges Levied Against the Balance***by*Evan L. Porteus & Edwin H. Neave**603-614 Optimal Issuing Policies for Perishable Inventory***by*William P. Pierskalla & Chris D. Roach**615-619 A Note on Verification of Computer Simulation Models***by*Dennis J. Aigner**620-631 The Gradient Projection Method Along Geodesics***by*David G. Luenberger**632-643 A Computer Comparison of Four Quadratic Programming Algorithms***by*Raymond J. Braitsch, Jr.**644-646 The Optimality of Generalized (s, S) Policies under Uniform Demand Densities***by*Evan L. Porteus**647-655 A Bayesian Approach to Quality Control***by*Phillip L. Carter**656-663 A Nonlinear Approximation Method for Solving a Generalized Rectangular Distance Weber Problem***by*G. O. Wesolowsky & R. F. Love**664-682 An Upperbound Algorithm for the Single and Multiple Terminal Delivery Problem***by*Frank A. Tillman & Thomas M. Cain**683-686 The Optimality of Connected Policies for Markovian Systems with Two Types of Service***by*Avraham Beja**687-693 Sequential Optimization of Multimodal Discrete Function with Bounded Rate of Change***by*Bruno O. Shubert**694-705 A Modified Simulation of Cyert, Feigenbaum, and March's Duopoly Model***by*Howard P. Tuckman & L. Peter Holmblad**706-715 Optimal Replacement Policies for a Single Loaded Sliding Standby***by*Claude Henin**716-717 A Comment on a Paper of Maxwell***by*Jeffrey B. Sidney**718-719 A Rejoinder***by*William L. Maxwell**720-720 A Comment on a Paper of Maxwell by J. B. Sidney--A Rejoinder***by*J. M. Moore**721-721 Erratum: Deterministic Production Planning with Concave Costs and Capacity Constraints***by*Michael Florian & Morton Klein

### 1972, Volume 18, Issue 10

**485-501 Estimating Dynamic Effects of Market Communications Expenditures***by*David B. Montgomery & Alvin J. Silk**502-518 A Planning Model for Construction Minerals***by*Donald Bishko & William A. Wallace**519-525 A Markov Decision Model for Selecting Optimal Credit Control Policies***by*Leon H. Liebman**526-543 A Scoring Methodology for Assessing the Suitability of Management Science Models***by*William E. Souder**544-554 Investment-Borrowing Decisions in Natural Gas Transmission***by*Russell G. Thompson & Michael S. Proctor & R. R. Hocking**555-566 A Model for Aggregate Financial Planning***by*Clement G. Krouse**567-574 An Optimization Approach to Freight Car Allocation Under Time-Mileage Per Diem Rental Rates***by*William P. Allman**575-590 Programme Selection in Research and Development***by*A. Geoffrey Lockett & Anthony E. Gear**591-599 Optimal Inventory Policies under a Hierarchy of Setup Costs***by*Donald M. Simmons**600-607 A Simplified Portrayal for Certain Decision Making Problems***by*Ross H. Johnson**608-609 Preface to the Discussion of the ORSA Guidelines***by*C. West Churchman**609-613 Commentary on ORSA Guidelines***by*Harvey M. Wagner**613-618 The Myth of Objectivity OR Why Science Needs a New Psychology of Science***by*Ian I. Mitroff**618-625 A Student Appraisal of the Proposed Guidelines for Operations Research***by*D. Carpio & B. Cohen & J. Eldred & V. Gangavane & J. Greiner & J. Hall & L. L. Jayaraman & P. Joglekar & R. Levine & A. Noad & S. Prasow & F. Sagasti & F. Smith**626-629 Reflections on the ORSA Guidelines: A Story, a Poem and a Commentary***by*Paul Peters & John Nelson & Chai Kim & Eugene Rathswohl**630-633 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1972, Volume 18, Issue 9

**465-491 Integer Programming Algorithms: A Framework and State-of-the-Art Survey***by*A. M. Geoffrion & R. E. Marsten**492-501 Allocating Resources between Research and Development: A Macro Analysis***by*D. P. Gaver & V. Srinivasan**502-507 More on Min-Max Allocation***by*Evan L. Porteus & Jonathan S. Yormark**508-517 Optimization of Batch Ordering under Deterministic Variable Demand***by*Salah E. Elmaghraby & Vishwas Y. Bawle**518-528 Variance Minimization in Single Machine Sequencing Problems***by*Alan G. Merten & Mervin E. Muller**529-539 Assembly Line Balancing using Best Bud Search***by*Arthur J. Nevins**540-549 Extreme Point Mathematical Programming***by*M. J. L. Kirby & H. R. Love & Kanti Swarup**550-559 Optimal Screening Plans for Nonserial Production Systems***by*Robert R. Britney**560-566 Optimal Control of a Service Facility with Variable Exponential Service Times and Constant Arrival Rate***by*Thomas B. Crabill**567-573 Constraint Qualifications Revisited***by*M. S. Bazaraa & J. J. Goode & C. M. Shetty**574-583 Higher Order Tree Dual Approximation Methods for the Distribution Problem***by*Fred Glover & Darwin Klingman**584-587 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1972, Volume 18, Issue 8

**367-377 Management Science and Management: Implementing Management Science Via Situational Normativism***by*Melvin F. Shakun**378-387 Models for the Minimum Cost Development of Offshore Oil Fields***by*M. D. Devine & W. G. Lesso**388-394 Inventory Systems with Imperfect Asset Information***by*Donald L. Iglehart & Richard C. Morey**395-408 A Goal Programming Model for Academic Resource Allocation***by*Sang M. Lee & Edward R. Clayton**409-424 Earnings Estimates and the Accuracy of Expectational Data***by*Edwin J. Elton & Martin J. Gruber**425-453 The Distribution System Simulator***by*Michael M. Connors & Claude Coray & Carol J. Cuccaro & William K. Green & David W. Low & Harry M. Markowitz**454-469 On the Social Psychology of the Safety Factor: A Case Study in the Sociology of Engineering Science***by*Ian I. Mitroff**470-477 A Direct Approach to Choice under Uncertainty***by*Morton I. Kamien & Nancy L. Schwartz**478-481 A Note on the Centre of Gravity in Depot Location***by*C. D. T. Watson-Gandy

### 1972, Volume 18, Issue 7

**349-355 A Sequential Stochastic Assignment Problem***by*Cyrus Derman & Gerald J. Lieberman & Sheldon M. Ross**356-369 Risk-Sensitive Markov Decision Processes***by*Ronald A. Howard & James E. Matheson**370-383 Multiproduct Production Scheduling for Style Goods with Limited Capacity, Forecast Revisions and Terminal Delivery***by*Warren H. Hausman & Rein Peterson**384-388 Note--On Experimental Designs for Computer Simulation Experiments***by*Edward J. Ignall**389-389 Note--On the Sequencing of n Jobs on One Machine to Minimize the Number of Jobs Late***by*Salah E. Elmaghraby**390-400 The Labor Assignment Decision and Application of Work Flow Structure Information***by*William K. Holstein & William L. Berry**401-405 A Procedure for Computing the K Best Solutions to Discrete Optimization Problems and Its Application to the Shortest Path Problem***by*Eugene L. Lawler**406-422 Multiparametric Linear Programming***by*Tomas Gal & Josef Nedoma**423-427 Redundant Constraints and Extraneous Variables in Integer Programs***by*David S. Rubin**428-431 On the Loading Problem--A Comment***by*Benjamin Lev**432-433 On the Loading Problem--A Rejoinder***by*Samuel Eilon & Nicos Christofides**434-443 Customers' Optimal Joining Rules for the GI/M/s Queue***by*Uri Yechiali**444-447 Insurance Contracts, As Two-Person Games***by*Robert B. Miller**448-460 Computing Equilibria of Two-Person Games from the Extensive Form***by*Robert Wilson**461-463 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1972, Volume 18, Issue 6

**245-257 The Use of Multiple Ranking Procedures to Analyze Simulations of Management Systems: A Tutorial***by*Jack P. C. Kleijnen & Thomas H. Naylor & Terry G. Seaks**258-268 A Goal Programming Approach to Urban-Suburban Location Preferences***by*James F. Courtney, Jr. & Theodore D. Klastorin & Timothy W. Ruefli**269-278 A Decision and Value Approach to Research Personnel Allocation***by*Martin Childs & Harvey Wolfe**279-288 Computer-Assisted School Bus Scheduling***by*R. D. Angel & W. L. Caudle & R. Noonan & A. Whinston**289-300 Dispatching and Allocating Servers to Stochastically Failing Networks***by*Michael Moses**301-313 On the N-Job One-Machine, Sequence-Independent Scheduling Problem with Tardiness Penalties: A Branch-Bound Solution***by*Joel Shwimer**314-327 OR/MS Implementation in Valle, Colombia, S. A.: A Profile of a Developing Region***by*Ilan Vertinsky**328-343 A Balasian-Based Algorithm for Zero-One Polynomial Programming***by*Hamdy A. Taha**344-351 On the Evaluation of Shortage Costs for Inventory Control of Finished Goods***by*Muhittin Oral & Michael S. Salvador & Arnold Reisman & Burton V. Dean**352-356 Letters to the Editor***by*anonymous**357-358 Précis--Stability of the Dual Cutting-Plane Algorithm for Concave Programming***by*B. L. Fox**358-359 Précis--An Operations Research Approach to the Management of Government Cost-Plus-Award- Fee Contracts***by*John E. Thomas & Edgar J. Manton & James M. Stoms

### 1972, Volume 18, Issue 5-Part-2

**1-2 Introduction to a Dedicated Issue on Game Theory and Gaming***by*Melvin F. Shakun**3-19 An Overview of the Mathematical Theory of Games***by*William F. Lucas**20-36 On the Scope of Gaming***by*Martin Shubik**37-53 On Gaming and Game Theory***by*Martin Shubik**54-63 Some Thoughts on the Minimax Principle***by*R. J. Aumann & M. Maschler**64-79 Multilinear Extensions of Games***by*Guillermo Owen