# INFORMS

# Management Science

Postal: 7240 Parkway Drive, Suite 300, Hanover, MD 21076 USA

Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

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### 1971, Volume 18, Issue 2

**B14-B18 A Model for National Development***by*J. F. Brotchie & A. R. Toakley & R. Sharpe**B19-B29 The Economics of Manpower Pooling***by*David W. Conrath & William F. Hamilton**B30-B31 The Crop Planning Decision Problem: A Comment***by*Christian T. L. Janssen**B32-B35 Axiomatic Characterization of the Time-Weighted Rate of Return***by*Kenneth B. Gray, Jr. & Robert B. K. Dewar**B36-B51 Cargo Vehicle Productivity***by*Robert McQuie**B52-B67 The Role of Decision Models in the Evaluation of Competing Environmental Health Alternatives***by*Albert J. Klee**B68-B79 Organizational Joint Problem-Solving***by*Robert L. Swinth**B80-B88 Subjective Estimates and Scheduling Decisions***by*William J. Abernathy**B89-B96 Estimation of Forecast Errors for Seasonal-Style-Goods Sales***by*Sang Hoon Chang & David E. Fyffe**B97-B110 Managerial Work: Analysis from Observation***by*Henry Mintzberg**B113-B115 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1971, Volume 18, Issue 1

**1-6 State-Dependent System Residence times for time Shared Queues***by*Stephen R. Kimbleton**7-11 Some Bounds for Discounted Sequential Decision Processes***by*Evan L. Porteus**12-20 Deterministic Production Planning with Concave Costs and Capacity Constraints***by*Michael Florian & Morton Klein**21-38 Estimating Sample Size in Computing Simulation Experiments***by*George S. Fishman**39-47 Economic Order Quantities and Multiple Set-Up Costs***by*Steven A. Lippman**48-58 Maximal Flow in a Multi-Terminal Network with Any One Arc Subject to Failure***by*Pierre J. Doulliez & M. R. Rao**59-73 On Time Flow Mechanisms for Discrete System Simulation***by*Richard K. Nance**74-83 Extensions of the Group Theoretic Approach in Integer Programming***by*Laurence A. Wolsey**84-86 On Elmaghraby's "The Theory of Networks and Management Science"***by*Jin Y. Yen**87-87 Rejoinder***by*Salah E. Elmaghraby**88-96 Selective Control of Independent Activities: Linear Programming of Markovian Decisions***by*Hirohide Hinomoto**97-97 A Note on the Location of Depots***by*Ralph D. Snyder**98-108 Rearranging Matrices to Block-Angular form for Decomposition (And Other) Algorithms***by*Roman L. Weil & Paul C. Kettler**109-111 Communications to the Editor--Some Comments Concerning Revelle, Marks and Liebman's Article on Facility Location***by*Philip D. Robers**111-112 Communications to the Editor--On Zangwill's Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Convergence***by*Stephen Jacobsen**112-113 Communications to the Editor--A Communication on Adaptive Smoothing using Evolutionary Spectra***by*Asit Chandmal & C. Jayaraj**113-115 Communications to the Editor--A Comment on Location Models***by*Donald M. Deighton**115-115 Communications to the Editor--Response to: "A Communication on Adaptive Smoothing using Evolutionary Spectra"***by*Ambar G. Rao & Arthur Shapiro**116-118 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1971, Volume 17, Issue 12

**B705-B716 A Language for Organization Design: Part I***by*H. I. Ansoff & R. G. Brandenburg**B717-B731 A Language for Organization Design: Part II***by*H. I. Ansoff & R. G. Brandenburg**B732-B743 Simulation Research in Interchangeable Part Manufacturing***by*Ashok R. Pai & Keith L. McRoberts**B744-B763 On the Nature of the Cost-Benefit Schedule***by*Carl R. Jones**B764-B771 Optimal Bluffing Strategies in Poker***by*Lawrence Friedman**B772-B772 A Comment on "Probability of Survival as an Investment Criterion" By Fred Hanssmann***by*D. J. Laughhunn**B773-B781 Probabilistic Forecasting for Contractors***by*H. E. Kierulff & D. E. Robison**B782-B792 An Implicit Enumeration Algorithm for the Machine Sequencing Problem***by*M. Florian & P. Trepant & G. McMahon**B793-B802 A Heuristic Programming Solution to a Nonlinear Cutting Stock Problem***by*Robert W. Haessler**B803-B816 An Algorithm for Optimal Project Scheduling under Multiple Resource Constraints***by*Edward W. Davis & George E. Heidorn**B817-B828 Utility Theory Applied to Multivariable System Effectiveness Evaluation***by*Efraim Turban & Morton L. Metersky

### 1971, Volume 17, Issue 11

**661-671 Towards a System of Systems Concepts***by*Russell L. Ackoff**672-678 A Study of Lexicographic Expected Utility***by*Peter C. Fishburn**679-697 Optimal Management of a Research and Development Project***by*Robert E. Lucas, Jr.**698-711 On Quadratic Programming***by*B. Curtis Eaves**712-716 Finding the K Shortest Loopless Paths in a Network***by*Jin Y. Yen**717-723 A Statistical Theory for Pert in Which Completion Times of Activities are Inter-Dependent***by*Larry J. Ringer**724-735 Production Smoothing with Stochastic Demand II: Infinite Horizon Case***by*Matthew J. Sobel**736-749 Constructing Sets of Uniformly Tighter Linear Approximations for a Chance Constraint***by*Yrjö Seppälä**750-758 Equipment Replacement Under Uncertainty***by*Robert A. Meyer, Jr.**759-773 An Algorithm for Separable Nonconvex Programming Problems II: Nonconvex Constraints***by*Richard M. Soland**774-777 Note--An Addendum to "A Model of Rational Competitive Bidding"***by*Michael H. Rothkopf**777-778 Note Regarding "A New Approach to Discrete Mathematical Programming"***by*Basil A. Kalymon**778-780 Comment on a Précis by Shanno and Weil***by*Seymour Kaplan**780-783 On Marginal Allocation in Single Constraint Min-Max Problems***by*Stephen Jacobsen**783-785 A Note on the Bergstrom-Smith Multi-Item Production Planning Model***by*Warren H. Hausman & John O. McClain**786-786 Optimal Sale of a Commodity Stockpile (Errata)***by*Robert H. Kupperman & Harvey A. Smith

### 1971, Volume 17, Issue 10

**B569-B587 Compensation of School District Personnel***by*James E. Bruno**B588-B608 A Process Analysis Model of the U.S. Steel Industry***by*C. S. Tsao & R. H. Day**B609-B621 Application of Linear Programming to a Controversy on Air Pollution Control***by*Robert E. Kohn**B622-B633 Problem Solving with Ordinal Measurement***by*Edwin M. Bartee**B634-B648 A Communication Model of Dialectical Inquiring Systems--A Strategy for Strategic Planning***by*Ian I. Mitroff**B649-B657 Behavioral Externalities in Decentralized Organizations***by*Timothy W. Ruefli**B658-B671 Information Systems and Public Planning***by*Ida R. Hoos**B672-B693 A Suggested Behavioral Approach to Cost-Benefit Analysis***by*Leo Spier**B694-B698 A Probability Model for the Remission Rate of Discharged Psychiatric Patients***by*Peter D. Fox & Helena C. Kraemer**B700-B702 Letter to the Editor***by*anonymous**B703-B704 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1971, Volume 17, Issue 9

**507-541 Proximal Decision Analysis***by*Ronald A. Howard**542-546 A Control Problem of Bellman***by*George B. Dantzig**547-567 Least d-Majorized Network Flows with Inventory and Statistical Applications***by*Arthur F. Veinott, Jr.**568-586 Flows in Arborescences***by*Fred Glover**587-596 Quality Control under Markovian Deterioration***by*Sheldon M. Ross**597-607 Optimal Smoothing of Shipments in Response to Orders***by*Rein Peterson**608-611 Comments on "Optimal Smoothing of Shipments in Response to Orders"***by*anonymous**612-634 The Linear Complementarity Problem***by*B. Curtis Eaves**635-646 Economically Optimal Determination of the Parameters of X\bar -Control Chart***by*Isaac N. Gibra**647-651 Computing Expected Values of Customer Requests Backordered***by*Alan J. Kaplan**652-655 A Shuttle Car Assignment Problem in the Mining Industry***by*Gary H. Reynolds**656-658 A Note on Marginal Allocation in Multiple-Server Service Systems***by*Alan J. Rolfe**659-660 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1971, Volume 17, Issue 8

**B421-B434 Automating Judgmental Decision Making for a Serious Medical Problem***by*Norman E. Betaque & G. Anthony Gorry**B435-B450 The New-Trier Stochastic Model of Brand Choice***by*David A. Aaker**B451-B461 Three Pricing Policies for a Multi-Product Multi-National Company***by*David P. Rutenberg**B462-B473 Efficient Distribution of Resources Through Three Levels of Government***by*R. G. Cassidy & M. J. L. Kirby & W. M. Raike**B474-B484 Linear Programming Models for Production-Advertising Decisions***by*Joseph Thomas**B485-B494 Decomposable Regression Models in the Analysis of Market Potentials***by*Frank M. Bass**B495-B504 Optimal Maintenance and Sale Age for a Machine Subject to Failure***by*Morton I. Kamien & Nancy L. Schwartz**B505-B518 A Generalized Goal Decomposition Model***by*Timothy W. Ruefli**B519-B532 The Information Content of Prices: A Preliminary Model for Estimating Buyer Response***by*Kent B. Monroe**B533-B549 Optimal Disaggregation of Aggregate Production Plans***by*Klaus Zoller**B562-B563 Book Reviews***by*Robert S. Weinberg (Editor)**B565-B567 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1971, Volume 17, Issue 7

**379-393 Minimax Policies for Selling an Asset and Dollar Averaging***by*Gordon Pye**394-410 A Differential Game in Economics***by*James Case**411-426 On the Optimality of Generalized (s, S) Policies***by*Evan L. Porteus**427-449 Optimal Entrepreneurial Decisions in a Completely Stochastic Environment***by*Nils H. Hakansson**450-462 Transforming Stochastic Dynamic Programming Problems into Nonlinear Programs***by*William T. Ziemba**463-471 Queue Length Dependent Priority Queues***by*K. R. Balachandran**472-483 Smoothing Production by Inventory--An Application of the Wiener Filtering Theory***by*Christoph A. Schneeweiss**484-497 A Stochastic Model for Adaptive Behavior in a Dynamic Situation***by*J. Morgan Jones**498-499 Inventory Models with Forecasting and Dependent Demand***by*George F. Brown, Jr. & Richmond M. Lloyd & Timothy M. Corcoran**500-501 Comment on Briskin's Note***by*Gene Woolsey**502-504 Book Reviews***by*Robert S. Weinberg (Editor)**505-506 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1971, Volume 17, Issue 6

**B275-B292 Management Information Systems: The Challenge to Rationality and Emotionality***by*Chris Argyris**B293-B306 Considering Competition in Media Planning***by*Leonard M. Lodish**B307-B311 Dimensional and Computational Analysis in Stationary (s, S) Inventory Problems with Gamma Distributed Demand***by*B. D. Sivazlian**B312-B323 On the Methodology of Solution Synthesis***by*Edwin M. Bartee**B324-B338 Work Sampling in Financial Management--Cost Determination in Post Office Department***by*B. J. Mandel**B339-B353 Mathematical Models for Public Utility Rate Revisions***by*John M. Liittschwager**B354-B363 A Simple CPM Time-Cost Tradeoff Algorithm***by*Nicolai Siemens**B364-B370 A Control Approach to Insurance Loss Reserving***by*William K. King**B371-B385 Using Laboratory Brand Preference Scales to Predict Consumer Brand Purchases***by*Edgar Pessemier & Philip Burger & Richard Teach & Douglas Tigert**B386-B398 An Alternative to Uniform Expenditure Reductions in Multiple Resource State Finance Programs***by*James E. Bruno**B399-B405 A Marginal Cost Model for the Hiring-Overtime Decision***by*Earl F. Lundgren & V. Schneider**B406-B410 Economic Ordering Frequency for two Items Jointly Replenished***by*Frank T. Shu**B411-B412 Letters to the Editor***by*Chadwick J. Haberstroh**B413-B417 Book Reviews***by*Robert S. Weinberg (Editor)**B418-B420 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1971, Volume 17, Issue 5

**247-258 Validation of Simulation Results***by*Richard L. Van Horn**259-268 The Loading Problem***by*Samuel Eilon & Nicos Christofides**269-284 A Dual Generalized Upper Bounding Technique***by*Michael D. Grigoriadis**285-306 An Adaptive Group Theoretic Algorithm for Integer Programming Problems***by*G. Anthony Gorry & Jeremy F. Shapiro**307-310 A Direct Search Method to Locate Negative Cycles in a Graph***by*M. Florian & P. Robert**311-319 Three Asset Cash Balance and Dynamic Portfolio Problems***by*Gary D. Eppen & Eugene F. Fama**320-336 Capital Expenditure Programming and Some Alternative Approaches to Risk***by*D. E. Peterson & D. J. Laughhunn**337-353 Admissible Decision Rules for the E-Model of Chance-Constrained Programming***by*Mark J. Eisner & Robert S. Kaplan & John V. Soden**354-366 Equivalent Integer Programs and Canonical Problems***by*Gordon H. Bradley**367-369 Communications to the Editor--Models of Fact and Laws of Behavior***by*A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper & J. D. DeVoe & D. B. Learner**369-370 Communications to the Editor--Tempus Fidgets: The Reference Business***by*A. S. C. Ehrenberg**371-371 Book Review***by*Robert S. Weinberg (Editor)**372-372 Précis--Capital Budgeting/Project Selection by Mathematical Programming: An Annotated Bibliography***by*Roy B. Larson**375-375 Working Papers***by*anonymous**372-374 Précis--User-Oriented Computer Modeling Environments***by*Christopher E. Nugent & Thomas E. Vollmann & A. Harold Howell & Robert L. Schuldenfrei & James R. Westfall

### 1970, Volume 17, Issue 4

**B141-B164 Decision-Making in a Fuzzy Environment***by*R. E. Bellman & L. A. Zadeh**B165-B177 Horizon Models for Social Development***by*A. Charnes & M. J. L. Kirby & A. S. Walters**B178-B191 An Approach to the Analysis of Vocational Education and Training Requirements***by*Fumio Kodama**B192-B211 The "Investment '85" Model of Electricite de France***by*Francis Bessière**B212-B225 Computer Augmented Organizational Problem Solving***by*Robert Joyner & Kenneth Tunstall**B226-B241 Analysis of a Decision Making Investigation***by*Kenneth D. Mackenzie & F. Hutton Barron**B242-B253 Facilities Planning with Graph Theory***by*Jouko Seppänen & James M. Moore**B259-B264 Marketing Science--The Value of Promotion***by*James P. Wallace, III**B265-B268 Book Reviews***by*Robert S. Weinberg**B269-B269 Précis--Management Decision Models and Computers***by*Alfred L. Kahl, Jr.**B271-B273 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1970, Volume 17, Issue 3

**127-139 Nonlinear Activity Analysis***by*A. C. Williams**140-141 When a Queue Looks the Same to an Arriving Customer as to an Observer***by*Ralph E. Strauch**142-145 Random Variables, the Time Value of Money and Capital Expenditures***by*Irwin W. Kabak & Joel Owen**146-160 The Variable Reduction Method for Nonlinear Programming***by*Garth P. McCormick**161-169 Modular Allocation Technique (MAT)***by*Harry K. Edwards & Billy E. Gillett & Monta E. Hale**170-173 A Note on Optimal Maintenance Policy and Sale Date of a Machine***by*S. R. Arora & P. T. Lele**174-184 Stochastic Capacity Models***by*Richard J. Giglio**185-188 Lagrangian Subgradients***by*Richard C. Grinold**189-199 Detecting "Small" Mean Shifts in Time Series***by*John U. Farley & Melvin J. Hinich**200-207 A Selection Problem of Shared Fixed Costs and Network Flows***by*J. M. W. Rhys**208-218 Adaptive Smoothing using Evolutionary Spectra***by*Ambar G. Rao & Arthur Shapiro**219-229 An r-Dimensional Quadratic Placement Algorithm***by*Kenneth M. Hall**230-231 Notes--On a Selection Problem***by*M. L. Balinski**231-233 Notes--A Note on "Preferences, Summation, and Social Welfare Functions"***by*Fred E. Williams**233-235 A Comment on the Analysis of Data Generated by Simulation Experiments***by*Thomas H. Naylor & Thomas H. Wonnacott**236-237 Communications to the Editor--Comment on the Fractile Approach to Linear Programming under Risk***by*Peter B. R. Hazell**237-238 A Reply to: "Comment on the Fractile Approach to Linear Programming under risk"***by*J. S. Sengupta**239-243 Book Reviews***by*Robert S. Weinberg**244-246 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1970, Volume 17, Issue 2

**B1-B1 Preface to Some Papers on Educational Issues in the Management Sciences and Operations Research***by*C. West Churchman**B2-B4 Some Ideas on Education in the Management Sciences***by*Russell L. Ackoff**B5-B12 Purposes and Quality of Graduate Education in the Management Sciences***by*S. L. Cook**B13-B14 Remarks on Graduate Education in the Management Sciences***by*William W. Cooper**B15-B19 On Education in Management Science***by*Samuel Eilon**B20-B22 Comments on Graduate Education in the Management Sciences***by*Van Court Hare, Jr.**B23-B24 Management Science Education: Nature and Nurture***by*Ronald A. Howard**B25-B27 Some Comments on Graduate Education in the Management Sciences***by*Gerald J. Lieberman**B28-B29 What's OR-MS?***by*Sebastian B. Littauer**B30-B31 Graduate Programs in Operational Research at Lancaster and Sussex***by*M. G. Simpson & B. H. P. Rivett**B32-B34 Some Comments on Graduate Education in the Management Sciences***by*Martin K. Starr**B35-B36 Management Science Education***by*Robert M. Thrall**B37-B53 Operations Research as a Profession***by*C. West Churchman**B54-B71 The Theory of Networks and Management Science: Part II***by*Salah E. Elmaghraby**B72-B82 Planning Tire Production***by*Samuel Gorenstein**B83-B96 Organizational Communications Systems and the Decision Process***by*Thomas P. Ference**B97-B106 A Simulation of Labor Efficiency and Centralized Assignment in a Production Model***by*Rosser T. Nelson**B107-B114 The Product-Mix Problem under Stochastic Seasonal Demand***by*S. D. Hodges & P. G. Moore**B115-B118 Letters to the Editor***by*anonymous**B119-B123 Information Systems in Management Science: Management Information System--What It Is and Why?***by*Harry Stern**B124-B126 Marketing Science***by*Kenneth A. Longman**B127-B130 Book Reviews***by*Robert S. Weinberg**B131-B131 Précis--An Activity-Productivity Analysis of a Variable Task***by*Robert J. Paul**B132-B134 Working Papers***by*anonymous**B135-B139 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1970, Volume 17, Issue 1

**1-34 The Theory of Networks and Management Science. Part I***by*Salah E. Elmaghraby**35-47 A Generalized Model of Administrative Decisions: An Experimental Test***by*Gary W. Dickson**48-65 Chance Constrained Programming of the Machine Loading Problem with Stochastic Processing Times***by*M. Resh**66-77 A Simplex Method for a Class of Nonconvex Separable Problems***by*Guy Alloin**78-91 Smoothing Start-Up and Shut-Down Costs: Concave Case***by*Matthew J. Sobel**92-104 The Effectiveness of the Cognitive-Style Constraint in Implementing Operations Research Proposals***by*Jan H. B. M. Huysmans**105-111 A Production Scheduling Model by Bivalent Linear Programming***by*Christoph Haehling von Lanzenauer**112-115 Blocking and Delays in M (x) /M/c Bulk Arrival Queueing Systems***by*Irwin W. Kabak**116-118 A Simple Optimality Proof of Moore's Sequencing Algorithm***by*L. B. J. M. Sturm**119-123 Book Reviews***by*Robert S. Weinberg