# INFORMS

# Management Science

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

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**Series handle:**repec:inm:ormnsc

**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### 1975, Volume 22, Issue 1

**96-105 Nash Equilibrium Strategies for the Problem of Armament Race and Control***by*M. Simaan & J. B. Cruz, Jr.**106-110 Characterising the Finite Capacity GI/M/1 Queue with Renewal Output***by*G. M. Laslett**111-115 Note--A Note on Modeling the Relationship of Diminishing Returns to Media Overlap for the Media Planning Problem***by*Leonard M. Lodish**116-124 Examining the Pattern of Response Behavior in a Media Model***by*Fred S. Zufryden

### 1975, Volume 21, Issue 12

**1361-1369 Mathematical Models for Optimal Timing of Drilling on Multilayer Oil and Gas Fields***by*Djangir A. Babayev**1370-1379 Economic Optimization of Offshore Petroleum Development***by*Les Frair & Mike Devine**1380-1386 The Costs of Industrial Product Innovations***by*Edwin Mansfield & John Rapoport**1387-1396 Comparative Evaluation of Some Interactive Approaches to Multicriterion Optimization***by*Jyrki Wallenius**1397-1404 On Optimal Pollution Control Policies***by*Vijay S. Bawa**1405-1416 Analyzing Multi-Commodity Distribution Networks Having Milling-in-Transit Features***by*Robert E. Markland**1417-1427 A Simplified Algorithm for Obtaining Approximate Solutions to Zero-One Programming Problems***by*Yoshiaki Toyoda**1428-1437 Investment Analysis Using the Probability Distribution of the Internal Rate of Return***by*William Fairley & Henry D. Jacoby**1438-1446 Stochastic Dominance Tests for Decreasing Absolute Risk Aversion. I. Discrete Random Variables***by*R. G. Vickson**1447-1457 A Model for Manpower Management***by*Gary L. Lilien & Ambar G. Rao**1458-1465 Planning for Computer Networks: The Trade Analogy***by*Sanford V. Berg**1466-1470 Note--A Note on Cord's Method of Allocating Funds to Investment Projects***by*D. Galai**1471-1476 A Note on "The Equivalence of Integer Programs to Constrained Recursive Systems"***by*Charles H. Kafpauf**1477-1480 Estimating the Mean and Variance of Subjective Distributions in PERT and Decision Analysis***by*C. Perry & I. D. Greig

### 1975, Volume 21, Issue 11

**1215-1224 Simulating Stable Stochastic Systems, IV: Approximation Techniques***by*Michael A. Crane & Donald L. Iglehart**1225-1233 On Dynamic Programming with Unbounded Rewards***by*Steven A. Lippman**1234-1249 Optimal and Heuristic Decisions in Single-and Multi-Item Inventory Systems***by*Eliezer Naddor**1250-1262 Optimal Multi-Product Production Scheduling and Employment Smoothing with Deterministic Demands***by*John S. C. Yuan & Jeffrey H. Horen & Harvey M. Wagner**1263-1271 Optimal Portfolio Revision with a Proportional Transaction Cost***by*Jules H. Kamin**1272-1284 Economic Design of Fraction Defective Control Charts***by*Douglas C. Montgomery & Russell G. Heikes & Joseph F. Mance**1285-1294 Optimal and System Myopic Policies for Multi-Echelon Production/Inventory Assembly Systems***by*Leroy B. Schwarz & Linus Schrage**1295-1302 The Solution of Leontief Substitution Systems using Matrix Iterative Techniques***by*Gary J. Koehler & Andrew B. Whinston & Gordon P. Wright**1303-1307 Optimality of Myopic Inventory Policies for Certain Dependent Demand Processes***by*G. D. Johnson & H. E. Thompson**1308-1319 Bounds for Preference Function Assessment***by*Stephen P. Bradley & Sherwood C. Frey, Jr.**1320-1325 On the Evaluation of a Class of Inventory Policies for Perishable Products Such as Blood***by*Eric Brodheim & Cyrus Derman & Gregory Prastacos**1326-1331 A Note on Optimal Service Selection in a Single Server Queue***by*R. Schassberger**1332-1337 Note--Planning and Forecast Horizons for the Bond Refunding Problem***by*Yoram Friedman & Zvi Lieber**1338-1341 A Note on the Ratio of Two Normally Distributed Variables***by*Jack Hayya & Donald Armstrong & Nicolas Gressis**1342-1345 On a Conjecture of Iglehart***by*Arie Hordijk & Henk Tijms**1346-1348 An Informal Look at the Principle of Optimality***by*Evan Porteus**1352-1354 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1975, Volume 21, Issue 10

**1089-1101 An Aircraft Collision Model***by*Robert E. Machol**1102-1112 A Model of a Distribution Network Aggregate Performance***by*Philippe A. Naert & Alain V. Bultez**1113-1122 Dynamic Price Models for New-Product Planning***by*Bruce Robinson & Chet Lakhani**1123-1132 The Importance of "Weltanschauung" in Operations Research: The Case of the School Busing Problem***by*David H. Stimson & Ronald P. Thompson**1133-1143 Implementation of Analytical Planning Systems***by*Michael A. Moses**1144-1155 Optimization of Pentathlon Training Plans***by*Shaul P. Ladany**1156-1163 Solution of the Multi-Asset Finite Horizon Investment Renewal Problem***by*Robert R. Trippi & Basheer M. Khumawala**1164-1175 Recent Advances in R&D Benefit Measurement and Project Selection Methods***by*Norman Baker & James Freeland**1176-1185 Antithetic Variates, Common Random Numbers and Optimal Computer Time Allocation in Simulation***by*Jack P. C. Kleijnen**1186-1193 Multi-Item Lot Size Scheduling by Heuristic Part I: With Fixed Resources***by*E. F. Peter Newson**1194-1203 Multi-Item Lot Size Scheduling by Heuristic Part II: With Variable Resources***by*E. F. Peter Newson**1204-1205 Comment on "Solving the `Marketing Mix' Problem using Geometric Programming"***by*V. Balachandran**1206-1209 Note--A Dominance Relation in Dynamic Lot Sizing***by*Robert F. Williams**1213-1214 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1975, Volume 21, Issue 9

**967-975 Ordinal Dynamic Programming***by*Matthew J. Sobel**976-985 Optimal Control of Sales Force Effort in Time***by*Charles S. Tapiero & John U. Farley**986-988 The Warehouse Location Formulation as a Special Type of Inspection Problem***by*R. R. Trippi**989-996 Sequencing Two-Machine Flow-Shops with Finite Intermediate Storage***by*Sujit K. Dutta & Andrew A. Cunningham**997-1006 Optimal Allocation of Resources in a Pari-Mutuel Setting***by*Bernard Rosner**1007-1013 A Deterministic Multi-Period Production Planning Model with Piecewise Concave Production and Holding-Backorder Costs***by*Cary Swoveland**1014-1020 A Node Method for Multiparametric Linear Programming***by*C. Van De Panne**1021-1028 Multi-Item Production Smoothing Models with Almost Closed Form Solutions***by*Ulf Peter Welam**1029-1039 Hierarchical Decomposition in Linear Economic Models***by*Finn Kydland**1040-1048 A Graph Theoretic Formula for the Steady State Distribution of Finite Markov Processes***by*James J. Solberg**1049-1054 Relevant Policies for Markovian Queueing Systems with Many Types of Service***by*Avraham Beja & Ariela Teller**1055-1063 A Multiproduct Inventory System with Interactive Set-Up Costs***by*Fred Andres & Hamilton Emmons**1064-1070 Sequencing for Assembly Lines with Integer Task Times***by*William V. Gehrlein & James H. Patterson**1071-1076 Note--Optimal Heuristic Decisions for the s, S Inventory Policy***by*Eliezer Naddor**1077-1078 Comment on "Representational Systems Theory" by Betz and Mitroff***by*Marvin Berhold**1078-1079 Betz and Mitroff Respond to Berhold***by*Ian I. Mitroff & Frederick Betz**1085-1086 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1975, Volume 21, Issue 8

**849-857 The Stochastic Cash Balance Problem with Average Compensating-Balance Requirements***by*Warren H. Hausman & Antonio Sanchez-Bell**858-871 Perceptor: A Model for Product Positioning***by*Glen L. Urban**872-882 Effective Performance Behaviors in a Simulated Policy and Decision Making Environment***by*Joseph Wolfe**883-896 Feasibility of Rent and Tax Incentives for Renovation in Older Residential Neighborhoods***by*Clarence F. Curry & Dennis H. Gensch**897-907 Stochastic Models of a Price Promotion***by*Yoram Kinberg & Ambar G. Rao**908-919 Performance and the Use of an Information System***by*Henry C. Lucas, Jr.**920-930 Television and Efficiency in Higher Education***by*Dean T. Jamison & Keith G. Lumsden**931-936 Resource Planning for Randomly Arriving Stochastic Jobs***by*Norman R. Lyons**937-943 An Optimal Commission Plan for Salesmen's Control Over Price***by*Charles B. Weinberg**944-955 A Comparison of Heuristic and Optimum Solutions in Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling***by*Edward W. Davis & James H. Patterson**956-963 The Science-Technology-Utilization Relationship in Management***by*William H. Gruber & John S. Niles**965-966 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1975, Volume 21, Issue 7

**727-752 Exceptional Paper--Markov Renewal Theory: A Survey***by*Erhan Çinlar**753-764 Retaining Productive Units: A Dynamic Programming Model with a Steady State Solution***by*James Flynn**765-776 Supply and Redistribution Rules for Two-Location Inventory Systems: One-Period Analysis***by*Chandrasekhar Das**777-782 Waiting Time Distribution in a Poisson Queue with a General Bulk Service Rule***by*J. Medhi**783-793 Production, Inventory and Capacity Expansion Scheduling with Integer Variables***by*R. H. Barchi & F. T. Sparrow & R. R. Vemuganti**794-805 Zero-Sum Games with "Almost" Perfect Information***by*Jean-Pierre Ponssard**806-812 A Semi-Infinite Game***by*A. L. Soyster**813-822 A Network Approach to a Multi-Facility, Multi-Product Production Scheduling Problem Without Backordering***by*Robert C. Dorsey & Thom J. Hodgson & H. Donald Ratliff**823-832 Optimal Theoretic Advertising Stock Models: A Generalization Incorporating the Effects of Delayed Response from Promotional Expenditure***by*Don H. Mann**833-843 Search and Simulation Selection of a Job-Shop Sequencing Rule***by*James C. Hershauer & Ronald J. Ebert**844-845 Communication to the Editor--A Note on the E-Model of Chance-Constrained Programming with Random b-Vector***by*Willy Gochet**846-847 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1975, Volume 21, Issue 6

**607-616 Virtual Measures: A Variance Reduction Technique for Simulation***by*Grace Carter & Edward J. Ignall**617-625 Conditions of Equivalence Among E-V, SSD, and E-H Portfolio Selection Criteria: The Case for Uniform, Normal and Lognormal Distributions***by*George C. Philippatos & Nicolas Gressis**626-637 Predicting Changes in Nasa Satellite Contracts***by*William J. Stevenson & P. Bruce Berra**638-648 An Optimal Inventory Model for the Intermediate Echelon When Repair is Possible***by*Sheldon E. Haber & Rosedith Sitgreaves**649-657 An Alternative to Monte Carlo Sampling in Stochastic Models***by*E. P. King & C. B. Sampson & L. L. Simms**658-668 A Geometric Programming Model for Optimal Allocation of Stream Dissolved Oxygen***by*J. G. Ecker**669-681 Achieving Organizational Consensus with Respect to R&D Project Selection Criteria***by*William E. Souder**682-696 A Bayesian Technique to Discriminate between Stochastic Models of Brand Choice***by*Robert C. Blattberg & Subrata K. Sen**697-707 Diffuse Decision-Making in Hierarchical Organizations: An Empirical Examination***by*C. R. Shumway & P. M. Maher & M. R. Baker & W. E. Souder & A. H. Rubenstein & A. R. Gallant**708-717 Statistical Evaluation of Complex Gaming Performance***by*Herbert H. Hand & Henry P. Sims, Jr.**718-722 Note--A Note on "A Simple CPM Time-Cost Tradeoff Algorithm"***by*S. K. Goyal**723-724 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1975, Volume 21, Issue 5

**491-500 Optimal Funding Paths for a Class of Risky R&D Projects***by*Carole Aldrich & Thomas E. Morton**501-506 The Steady-State Queueing Time Distribution for the M/G/1 Finite Capacity Queue***by*Stephen S. Lavenberg**507-515 Effects of Shop Size and Labor Flexibility in Labor and Machine Limited Production Systems***by*John S. Fryer**516-530 An Optimization Algorithm for a Linear Model of a Simulation System***by*Basil A. Kalymon**531-539 Finding the n Most Vital Links in Flow Networks***by*H. Donald Ratliff & G. Thomas Sicilia & S. H. Lubore**540-543 Minimizing the Time-in-System Variance for a Finite Jobset***by*Linus Schrage**544-549 Flowshop Sequencing Problem with Ordered Processing Time Matrices***by*M. L. Smith & S. S. Panwalkar & R. A. Dudek**550-556 On the Optimality of Myopic Policies in Sequential Decision Problems***by*Yvo M. I. Dirickx & L. Peter Jennergren**557-566 Discriminant Functions and Majority Voting***by*J. M. Blin & Andrew B. Whinston**567-575 Rim Multiparametric Linear Programming***by*Tomas Gal**576-590 Production Smoothing with Fluctuating Price***by*Dov Pekelman**591-599 Note--A Computational Survey of Methods for the Set Covering Problem***by*Nicos Christofides & S. Korman**600-606 Note on Finite Convergence of Exterior Penalty Functions***by*Klaus Truemper**607-607 Rejoinder to Hsia's "On Rutenberg's Decomposition Method"***by*David P. Rutenberg**608-610 Working Papers***by*anonymous**610-610 On the Maximization of the Geometric Mean with Lognormal Return Distribution: Erratum***by*Edwin J. Elton & Martin J. Gruber**611-612 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1974, Volume 21, Issue 4

**371-382 On Management Myth-Information Systems***by*Ian I. Mitroff & John Nelson & Richard O. Mason**383-391 The Logarithmic Investor's Decision to Acquire Costly Information***by*James R. Morris**392-408 A Linear Programming Analysis of Paper Recycling***by*C. Roger Glassey & Virendra K. Gupta**409-417 Heuristics and Optimizing Techniques Applied to Long Range Facility Planning for Hospital Ancillary Departments***by*Jay A. Vora**418-421 Forecasting for Largest Earthquakes***by*Tuncel M. Yegulalp**422-427 Aspects of One-Stage Voting Rules***by*Peter C. Fishburn**428-435 Multi-Period Stochastic Dominance***by*Haim Levy & Jacob Paroush**436-443 Determination of Optimum Packaging Frequency of Items Jointly Replenished***by*S. K. Goyal**444-452 Management Control of Blood Through a Short-Term Supply-Demand Forecast System***by*George M. Frankfurter & Kenneth E. Kendall & C. Carl Pegels**453-461 An Input-Output Analysis of the Costs of Air Pollution Control***by*Alan S. Cohen & Arthur P. Hurter, Jr.**462-473 Forecasting Market Shares of Alternative Home-Heating Units by Markov Process using Transition Probabilities Estimated from Aggregate Time Series Data***by*Ali Ezzati**474-482 Application of Quasi-Integer Programming to the Solution of Menu Planning Problems with Variable Portion Size***by*Ronald D. Armstrong & Prabhakant Sinha**483-488 Note--On the Maximization of the Geometric Mean with Lognormal Return Distribution***by*Edwin J. Elton & Martin J. Gruber**489-490 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1974, Volume 21, Issue 3

**241-250 Optimal Allocations in the Construction of k-Out-of-n Reliability Systems***by*C. Derman & G. J. Lieberman & S. M. Ross**251-255 Planning Horizons for the Dynamic Lot Size Model with Backlogging***by*Joseph D. Blackburn & Howard Kunreuther**256-260 Optimum Checking Schedules for Systems Subject to Random Failure***by*Joseph B. Keller**261-270 Inspection Procedures for Markov Chains***by*Harold Sackrowitz & Ester Samuel-Cahn**271-276 Stochastic Programming and Decision Analysis: An Apparent Dilemma***by*Roger A. Blau**277-285 A Linear Program for Economic Lot Sizes using Labor Priorities***by*J. Gaylord May**286-290 The Assortment Problem with Probabilistic Demands***by*David W. Pentico**291-301 Expected Objective Value of a Stochastic Linear Program and the Degree of Uncertainty of Parameters***by*Hiroyuki Itami**302-312 Marketing Strategy and the Optimal Production Schedule***by*Robert Alan Leitch**313-315 Bayesian Equilibria of Finite Two-Person Games with Incomplete Information***by*Joseph T. Howson, Jr. & Robert W. Rosenthal**316-325 Dispatching from Depot Repair in a Recoverable Item Inventory System: On the Optimality of a Heuristic Rule***by*Bruce L. Miller**326-329 A Statistical Estimator in a Problem of Stochastic Dominance***by*Edmund H. Mantell**330-340 Computational Delays***by*S. D. Deshmukh**341-347 A Penalty Function Procedure for Sensitivity Analysis of Concave Programs***by*Stephen Howe**348-357 Preferred Rules in Continuous Time Markov Decision Processes***by*Mark R. Lembersky**358-359 Note--A Counterexample in Continuous Markov Decision Chains***by*Mark R. Lembersky & Melvin L. Ott**360-362 Note--A Dynamic Programming Approach to Capacity Expansion with Specialization***by*Donald Erlenkotter**362-364 Finding the n Most Vital Nodes in a Flow Network***by*H. W. Corley, Jr. & Han Chang**365-368 Working Papers***by*anonymous**368-368 Planning Human Capital Structure: A Study of Economic, Demographic and Educational Determinants: Erratum***by*Manoucher Parvin**369-370 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1974, Volume 21, Issue 2

**119-129 Factors Affecting Adoption of a Quantitative Method for R&D Project Selection***by*P. Michael Maher & Albert H. Rubenstein**130-140 The University Library: Analysis and Proposals***by*Charles B. Weinberg**141-147 Optimal Foreclosure Policies***by*Gordon Pye & Ahmet Tezel**148-159 A Computer-Based Corporate Planning System***by*William F. Hamilton & Michael A. Moses**160-171 Solving the "Marketing Mix" Problem using Geometric Programming***by*V. Balachandran & Dennis H. Gensch**172-177 Coefficient of Network Complexity***by*Richard A. Kaimann**178-188 Management Information Systems: Appreciation and Involvement***by*E. Burton Swanson**189-198 A Parametric Decomposition Approach for the Solution of Uncapacitated Location Problems***by*Ralph W. Swain**199-208 Two-Stage Replacement Strategies and Their Application to Manpower Planning***by*David Robinson**209-222 Calculation of Investment Portfolios with Risk Free Borrowing and Lending***by*W. T. Ziemba & C. Parkan & R. Brooks-Hill**223-229 Computation of (S, s) Ordering Policy Parameters***by*Ralph D. Snyder**230-233 Note--A Note on El-Shaieb's New Algorithm for Locating Sources Among Destinations***by*B. M. Khumawala & A. W. Neebe & D. G. Dannenbring**233-236 Note--A comment on the "Distribution System Simulator"***by*Arnoldo C. Hax**237-237 Précis--Assessment of Airframe Production Cost Risk***by*John A. Finchum, Jr.**238-239 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1974, Volume 21, Issue 1

**1-9 The Incorporation and Reduction of Value Judgements in Systems***by*Richard Mattessich**10-12 On Rutenberg's Decomposition Method***by*Wei Shen Hsia**13-21 A Sequential Algorithm for a Class of Programming Problems with Nonlinear Constraints***by*R. Jagannathan**22-33 The Dual of a Hyperbolic Approximation to the Generalized Constrained Multi-Facility Location Problem with l p , Distances***by*Robert F. Love**34-42 A Production Scheduling Problem with Sequencing Considerations***by*T. Prabhakar**43-46 Preference Order Dynamic Programming***by*L. G. Mitten**47-59 A Linear Programming Analogue, a Duality Theorem, and a Dynamic Algorithm***by*D. J. White**60-67 Optimal Sequential Assignments with Random Arrival Times***by*S. Christian Albright**68-78 Job Shop Scheduling with Due Dates and Overtime Capability***by*C. A. Holloway & R. T. Nelson**79-86 The Evaluation of Risky Investments with Random Timing of Cash Returns***by*Stylianos Perrakis & Claude Henin**87-97 A Primal Algorithm to Solve Network Flow Problems with Convex Costs***by*Andres Weintraub**98-105 Individual Decisions Concerning the Allocation of Resources for Projects with Uncertain Consequences***by*Claus C. Berg**106-114 A Note on Hierarchy and Coordination: An Aspect of Decentralization***by*Manfred Kochen & Karl W. Deutsch**115-115 Comment on "Economically Optimum Design of Cusum Charts" by A. L. Goel and S. M. Wu***by*Curtis P. McLaughlin & Basheer M. Khumawala**116-116 Rejoinder***by*Amrit L. Goel

### 1974, Volume 20, Issue 12

**1501-1513 On Evaluating the Scientific Contribution of the Apollo Moon Missions Via Information Theory: A Study of the Scientist-Scientist Relationship***by*Ian I. Mitroff & Richard O. Mason**1514-1530 When to Hedge Against Devaluation***by*Alan C. Shapiro & David P. Rutenberg**1531-1542 Organizational Structure and Technology: A Computer Model Approach***by*Donald Gerwin & Wade Christoffel**1543-1553 Planning Human Capital Structure: A Study of Economic, Demographic and Educational Determinants***by*Manoucher Parvin**1554-1560 Generalized Equivalent Integer Programs and Canonical Problems***by*Bruce Faaland**1561-1568 Scheduling a Full-Time Workforce to Meet Cyclic Staffing Requirements***by*Kenneth R. Baker**1569-1575 A Goal Programming Approach to Aggregate Planning of Production and Work Force***by*David A. Goodman

### 1974, Volume 20, Issue 11

**1413-1423 Set Partitioning and Chain Decomposition***by*G. L. Nemhauser & L. E. Trotter, Jr. & R. M. Nauss**1424-1427 Some Interpretations of Sequential Bid Pricing Strategies***by*Emil Attanasi**1428-1431 Networks with Gains in Discrete Dynamic Programming***by*Yvo M. I. Dirickx & M. R. Rao**1432-1438 Convergence Results and Approximations for Optimal (s, S) Policies***by*Arie Hordijk & Henk Tijms**1439-1440 Note--A Note on Majority Rule under Transitivity Constraints***by*J. M. Blin & A. B. Whinston**1441-1441 Further Comments on Majority Rule Under Transitivity Constraints***by*V. Joseph Bowman & C. S. Colantoni**1442-1471 Exceptional Paper--Lexicographic Orders, Utilities and Decision Rules: A Survey***by*Peter C. Fishburn**1472-1495 An Equilibrium-Point Interpretation of Stable Sets and a Proposed Alternative Definition***by*John C. Harsanyi**1496-1496 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous