# INFORMS

# Management Science

Postal: 7240 Parkway Drive, Suite 300, Hanover, MD 21076 USA

Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

**For corrections or technical questions regarding this series, please contact (Mirko Janc)**

**Series handle:**repec:inm:ormnsc

**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### August 1978, Volume 24, Issue 12

**1252-1258 Jointly Optimal Sales Commissions for Nonincome Maximizing Sales Forces***by*Charles B. Weinberg**1259-1267 A Group Decision Process for Resource Allocation in the Health Setting***by*John G. Nackel & Jay Goldman & William L. Fairman**1268-1277 Stochastic Dominance Without Transitive Preferences***by*Peter C. Fishburn**1278-1279 Police Deployment--Introduction***by*Richard C. Larson**1280-1290 A Patrol Car Allocation Model: Background***by*Jan M. Chaiken & Peter Dormont**1291-1300 A Patrol Car Allocation Model: Capabilities and Algorithms***by*Jan M. Chaiken & Peter Dormont**1301-1313 Police Sector Design Incorporating Preferences of Interest Groups for Equality and Efficiency***by*Samuel E. Bodily**1314-1327 An Algorithm for Deploying a Crime Directed (Tactical) Patrol Force***by*Kenneth Chelst**1328-1330 About Authors***by*anonymous

### July 1978, Volume 24, Issue 11

**1095-1108 Planning the Process of Improving the Planning Process: A Case Study in Meta-Planning***by*James R. Emshoff**1109-1116 Amtrak, Auto-Train, and Vacation Travel to Florida: Little Trains that Could***by*James H. Gapinski & Howard P. Tuckman**1117-1126 On the Hotel Overbooking Problem--An Inventory System with Stochastic Cancellations***by*Varda Liberman & Uri Yechiali**1127-1137 Modified Policy Iteration Algorithms for Discounted Markov Decision Problems***by*Martin L. Puterman & Moon Chirl Shin**1138-1149 A Minimax Ordering Policy for the Infinite Stage Dynamic Inventory Problem***by*R. Jagannathan**1150-1162 LIFO Inventory Systems***by*Morris A. Cohen & Dov Pekelman**1163-1174 An Efficient Integer Programming Algorithm with Network Cuts for Solving Resource-Constrained Scheduling Problems***by*F. Brian Talbot & James H. Patterson**1175-1193 State of the Art--Networks of Queues: A Survey of Weak Convergence Results***by*Austin J. Lemoine**1194-1198 Note--On "Production Runs for Multiple Products: The Two-Product Heuristic"***by*Stephen C. Graves & Robert W. Haessler**1199-1199 Communication: Box-Jenkins Rules, O.K.--Provided You Know It Makes Sense***by*Oliver D. Anderson**1200-1202 Communication: Dynamic Data System Modeling--Revisited***by*H. J. Steudel & S. M. Wu**1203-1205 Communication: Dynamic Data System Modeling--Revisited***by*Oliver D. Anderson**1206-1207 About Authors***by*anonymous

### June 1978, Volume 24, Issue 10

**977-986 Adaptive Forecasting Models Based on Predictive Distributions***by*Robert L. Winkler & Wayne S. Smith & Ram B. Kulkarni**987-1000 Optimization of the Arbitrage Process in Advance Refunding of Municipal Bonds***by*Yair M. Babad & Paul D. Speer, Jr.**1001-1010 A Model for Planning Ambulatory Health Services***by*Peter T. Ittig**1011-1020 Algoristics for Single-Machine Sequencing with Precedence Constraints***by*Thomas E. Morton & Bala Ganga Dharan**1021-1030 An Approach to Solving Multiple Criteria Macroeconomic Policy Problems and an Application***by*Hannele Wallenius & Jyrki Wallenius & Pentti Vartia**1031-1042 A Spike Collective Dynamic Factorization Algorithm for the Simplex Method***by*Richard D. McBride**1043-1054 Predicting Demand from Sales Data in the Presence of Stockouts***by*William E. Wecker**1055-1063 The Value of Data for a Quadratic Decision Problem***by*Thomas Richard Rice**1064-1077 Organizational Context and the Success of Management Information Systems***by*Phillip Ein-Dor & Eli Segev**1078-1087 A Production-Inventory Control Model with a Mixture of Back-Orders and Lost-Sales***by*B. T. Doshi & F. A. van der Duyn Schouten & J. J. Talman**1088-1090 Note--On the Validity of the Analytic-Heuristic Instrument Utilized in "The Minnesota Experiments"***by*Robert W. Zmud**1091-1092 Note--On the Validity of the Analytic-Heuristic Instrument Utilized in "The Minnesota Experiments": A Reply***by*Norman L. Chervany & Gary W. Dickson**1093-1094 About Authors***by*anonymous

### May 1978, Volume 24, Issue 9

**877-886 Price Sensitive Consumer Demands in Energy Modeling--A Quadratic Programming Approach to the Analysis of Some Federal Energy Agency Policies***by*C. Roger Glassey**887-898 The Process and Product of System Design***by*Richard J. Boland, Jr.**899-909 (s, S) Policies Under Continuous Review and Discrete Compound Poisson Demand***by*Blyth C. Archibald & Edward A. Silver**910-918 Note--Optimal Recruitment Advertising***by*David Chappell & David A. Peel**918-919 Note--On "An Efficient Algorithm for the 0-1 Knapsack Problem, by Robert M. Nauss"***by*D. Fayard & G. Plateau**919-919 Communication***by*anonymous**920-920 Strategy Formulation--Introduction to a Grouping on Strategy Formulation***by*Henry Mintzberg & Melvin F. Shakun**921-933 Archetypes of Strategy Formulation***by*Danny Miller & Peter H. Friesen**934-948 Patterns in Strategy Formation***by*Henry Mintzberg**949-959 Performance and Autonomy in Organizations: Determining Dominant Environmental Components***by*Yair Aharoni & Zvi Maimon & Eli Segev**960-972 Strategic Choice as a Negotiated Outcome***by*Edwin A. Murray, Jr.**974-975 About Authors***by*anonymous

### April 1978, Volume 24, Issue 8

**789-799 Administrative Experimentation: A Methodology for More Rigorous "Muddling Through"***by*Victor N. Berlin**800-808 On Equity in Providing Public Services***by*E. S. Savas**809-818 Winning Strategies for Wagering on National Football League Games***by*Roger C. Vergin & Michael Scriabin**819-826 Deterministic Inventory Lot Size Models--A General Root Law***by*Lineu C. Barbosa & Moshe Friedman**827-835 Testing Bowman's Managerial Coefficient Theory Using a Competitive Gaming Environment***by*William Edward Remus**836-843 Teaching Dynamic Feedback Systems Thinking: An Elementary View***by*Nancy Roberts**844-849 An Appraisal of the Empirical Performance of the Linear Decision Rule for Aggregate Planning***by*Leroy B. Schwarz & Robert E. Johnson**850-858 Unnetworks, with Applications to Idle Time Scheduling***by*John J. Bartholdi, III & H. Donald Ratliff**859-859 Communications--A Comment on Geometric Mean Portfolios***by*Donald C. Aucamp**860-860 Reply to Aucamp***by*James H. Vander Weide & David W. Peterson & Steven F. Maier**860-861 Estimation and Simulation***by*Bennett Fox**862-862 Reply to Fox***by*Lee W. Schruben**863-864 Note--A Comment on "Optimal and System Myopic Policies for Multi-Echelon Production/Inventory Assembly Systems***by*Andrew Z. Szendrovits**865-866 Note--On Echelon Holding Costs***by*Leroy B. Schwarz & Linus Schrage**867-868 Note--An Efficient Goal Programming Algorithm Using Constraint Partitioning and Variable Elimination***by*Jeffrey L. Arthur & A. Ravindran**869-873 Note--An Improved Algorithm for the Stationary Cost Dynamic Lot Size Model with Backlogging***by*Thomas E. Morton**874-875 Notes about Authors***by*anonymous

### March 1978, Volume 24, Issue 7

**709-711 Methodology and Teleology***by*Constantine D. Tsatsos**712-718 Sequential Investment Decisions with Bayesian Learning***by*R. M. Cyert & M. H. DeGroot & C. A. Holt**719-731 Transfer of Emergency Service Deployment Models to Operating Agencies***by*Jan M. Chaiken**732-739 The Use of Exponentially-Smoothed Transition Matrices to Improve Forecasting of Cash Flows from Accounts Receivable***by*A. Wayne Corcoran**740-746 Resource Management in the Petrochemical Industry***by*Mark A. Stadtherr & Dale F. Rudd**747-760 Solving the Pipe Network Analysis Problem Using Optimization Techniques***by*M. Collins & L. Cooper & R. Helgason & J. Kennington & L. LeBlanc**761-773 An Empirical Evaluation of a Composite Heterogeneous Model of Brand Choice and Purchase Timing Behavior***by*Fred S. Zufryden**774-784 Designing Scientific Journals: Issues and Survey Results***by*William R. King & Ralph H. Kilmann & Kenneth Sochats**785-785 Errata to "A Survey of Multiattribute Utility Theory and Applications"***by*Peter H. Farquhar**786-787 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### February 1978, Volume 24, Issue 6

**587-598 The Economic Lot Scheduling Problem (ELSP): Review and Extensions***by*Salah E. Elmaghraby**599-611 Interactive Preference Optimization for University Administrators***by*Donald A. Wehrung & David S. P. Hopkins & William F. Massy**612-622 Pay Satisfaction: An Empirical Test of a Discrepancy Model***by*H. Jack Shapiro & Mahmoud A. Wahba**623-632 Determining Reorder Points When Demand is Lumpy***by*J. B. Ward**633-644 A Spatial Equilibrium Model for Evaluating Alternative Policies for Controlling Sediment from Agriculture***by*James C. Wade & Earl O. Heady**645-653 Stochastic Dynamic Location Analysis***by*Richard E. Rosenthal & John A. White & Donovan Young**654-664 ARTS PLAN: A Model Based System for Use in Planning a Performing Arts Series***by*Charles B. Weinberg & Kenneth M. Shachmut**665-674 Optimal Repairman Allocation--Asymptotic Results***by*Donald R. Smith**675-689 A Proxy Approach to Multi-Attribute Decision Making***by*Kenneth R. Oppenheimer**690-701 Forecasting the Product of Two Time Series with a Linear Asymmetric Error Cost Function***by*Steven D. Wood & Bert M. Steece**702-705 Note--Optimal Assignment of Customers in a Two Server Congestion System with No Waiting Room***by*Wayne Winston**706-707 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### January 1978, Volume 24, Issue 5

**485-497 Stochastic Horizons for the Aggregate Planning Problem***by*Paul Kleindorfer & Howard Kunreuther**498-509 A Multiple-Objective Policy Model: Results of an Application to a Developing Country***by*Augusto A. Legasto, Jr.**510-521 Grouping Observations in Digital Simulation***by*George S. Fishman**522-529 A Diffusion Approximation to the Multi-Server Queue***by*Baruch Halachmi & W. R. Franta**530-534 The Single Machine Problem with Quadratic Penalty Function of Completion Times: A Branch-and-Bound Solution***by*W. Townsend**535-544 Finding Minimal Center-Median Convex Combination (Cent-Dian) of a Graph***by*Jonathan Halpern**545-553 Optimization of Priority Queues--A Semi-Markov Decision Chain Approach***by*Derek Robinson**554-561 A Renewal Decision Problem***by*C. Derman & G. J. Lieberman & S. M. Ross**562-563 Note--On "A Renewal Decision Problem"***by*Donald R. Smith**564-575 An HMMS Type Interactive Model for Aggregate Planning***by*Ulf Peter Welam**576-580 Note--A Note on Dynamic Programming with Unbounded Rewards***by*J. A. E. E. van Nunen & J. Wessels**581-584 Note--More on Planning for Freedom***by*K. Singhal & V. Vyasulu**585-586 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### December 1977, Volume 24, Issue 4

**365-377 Constrained Optimization of a University Administrator's Preference Function***by*David S. P. Hopkins & Jean-Claude Larréché & William F. Massy**378-386 Facility Location with Price-Sensitive Demands: Private, Public, and Quasi-Public***by*Donald Erlenkotter**387-392 Statistical Model Comparison in Marketing Research***by*Christopher B. Barry & Albert R. Wildt**393-400 Solving the Project Time/Cost Tradeoff Problem Using the Minimal Cut Concept***by*Steve Phillips, Jr. & Mohamed I. Dessouky**401-410 Multiteam, Multiproject Research and Development Planning with GERT***by*Laurence J. Moore & Bernard W. Taylor, III**411-419 A Quantitative Model to Plan Regional Health Facility Systems***by*Vedia F. Dökmeci**420-431 Joint Economically Optimal Design of X\bar and R Control Charts***by*Erwin M. Saniga**432-440 A Bayesian Approach to a Generalized House Selling Problem***by*S. Christian Albright**441-450 Job-Shop Scheduling by Implicit Enumeration***by*B. J. Lageweg & J. K. Lenstra & A. H. G. Rinnooy Kan**451-455 Deterministic Multi-Item Inventory Systems with Limited Capacity***by*Klaus Zoller**456-463 A Multiple Time Series Approach to Modeling the Manufacturing Job-Shop as a Network of Queues***by*Harold J. Steudel & S. M. Pandit & S. M. Wu**464-481 State-of-the-Art--Networks of Queues--A Survey of Equilibrium Analysis***by*Austin J. Lemoine**482-483 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### November 1977, Volume 24, Issue 3

**241-248 A Feedback Model for Automated Real Estate Assessment***by*Robert Carbone & Richard L. Longini**249-258 Planning and Dynamic Control of Projects under Uncertainty***by*John M. Burt**259-271 Classification for Market Segmentation: An Improved Linear Model for Solving Problems of Arbitrary Origin***by*William R. Darden & William D. Perreault, Jr.**272-284 Assessment of Alternative Management Forms in Academic Interdisciplinary Research Projects***by*Philip H. Birnbaum**285-301 Multi-Attribute Investment Decisions: A Study of R&D Project Selection***by*S. L. Schwartz & I. Vertinsky**302-311 Production Smoothing Under Piecewise Concave Costs, Capacity Constraints and Nondecreasing Requirements***by*M. G. Korgaonker**312-319 A Modified Benders' Partitioning Algorithm for Mixed Integer Programming***by*Dale McDaniel & Mike Devine**320-328 Independence and Calibration in Decision Analysis***by*J. Michael Harrison**329-337 Assessing the Impact of Market Disturbances Using Intervention Analysis***by*Dean W. Wichern & Richard H. Jones**338-344 An Approximation to Queueing Systems with Interruptions***by*M. J. Fischer**345-357 Modeling Facility Location Problems as Generalized Assignment Problems***by*G. Terry Ross & Richard M. Soland**358-359 Note--A Graphical Aid for Determining Optimal Inventories in a Unit Replenishment Inventory System***by*Edward A. Silver & Stephen A. Smith**360-361 Communication--Value conflicts between professional and social responsibility***by*H. Bentley Glass**362-363 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### October 1977, Volume 24, Issue 2

**121-136 A Composite Heterogeneous Model of Brand Choice and Purchase Timing Behavior***by*Fred S. Zufryden**137-148 Managerial Differences in Assessing Probabilities of Technical Success for R&D Projects***by*Albert H. Rubenstein & Hans-Horst Schröder**149-160 Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis Adjusted for Learning***by*E. V. McIntyre**161-167 Workforce Scheduling with Cyclic Demands and Day-Off Constraints***by*Kenneth R. Baker & Michael J. Magazine**168-180 Queues with Instantaneous Feedback***by*Gilles R. D'Avignon & Ralph L. Disney**181-190 Analysis of Simulation-Generated Responses using Autoregressive Models***by*D. A. Hsu & J. S. Hunter**191-199 Successful Information System Development Projects***by*Bert Debrabander & Anders Edström**200-209 Dynamic Programming Models of the Nonserial Critical Path-Cost Problem***by*Augustine O. Esogbue & Barry R. Marks**210-216 Means and Variances of Stochastic Vector Products with Applications to Random Linear Models***by*Gerald G. Brown & Herbert C. Rutemiller**217-223 Maximum Throughput in Finite-Capacity Open Queueing Networks with Product-Form Solutions***by*Paul J. Schweitzer**224-229 Probabilistic Weights in the One-Dimensional Facility Location Problem***by*George O. Wesolowsky**230-234 Minimising the Maximum Penalty in the Two-Machine Flow Shop***by*W. Townsend**235-237 Note--A Note on "Comparison of Computer Algorithms and Visual Based Methods for Plant Layout" by M. Scriabin and R. C. Vergin***by*T. E. Block**238-238 "Linear Multiparametric Programming by Multicriteria Simplex Method": Errata***by*P. L. Yu & Milan Zeleny**239-240 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### September 1977, Volume 24, Issue 1

**1-34 Exceptional Paper--Design and Implementation of Large Scale Primal Transshipment Algorithms***by*Gordon H. Bradley & Gerald G. Brown & Glenn W. Graves**35-43 Optimization of Petroleum and Natural Gas Production--A Survey***by*E. J. Durrer & G. E. Slater**44-58 The Application of Behavioral and Philosophical Technologies to Strategic Planning: A Case Study of a Large Federal Agency***by*Ian I. Mitroff & Vincent P. Barabba & Ralph H. Kilmann**59-70 A Dynamic Programming Algorithm for Check Sorting***by*Frederic H. Murphy & Edward A. Stohr**71-81 A Diffusion Approximation Solution for a Repairman Problem with Two Types of Failure***by*D. P. Gaver & J. P. Lehoczky**82-90 On Ordering Perishable Inventory when Both Demand and Lifetime are Random***by*Steven Nahmias**91-104 Heuristic 0-1 Linear Programming: An Experimental Comparison of Three Methods***by*Stelios H. Zanakis**105-107 Note--Effects of Substituting a Linear Goal for a Fractional Goal in the Goal Programming Problem***by*Edward L. Hannan**107-112 Note--Plant Layout: Computers Versus Humans***by*Denis R. Coleman**113-114 Communication--Modelling Library Collections***by*A. Sandison**115-117 Communication--Reply to Sandison***by*Bani K. Sinha & Richard C. Clelland**117-118 Communication--The Oskar Morgenstern Distinguished Fellowship at Mathematica***by*Tibor Fabian**118-118 Communication--Correction Note to the Paper, "On Jockeying in Queues"***by*Ernest Koenigsberg**119-120 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### August 1977, Volume 23, Issue 12

**1261-1272 Managing the Incidence of Sickle Cell Anemia Through Genetic Counseling***by*Jack Meredith**1273-1283 Procedures for Estimating Optimal Solution Values for Large Combinatorial Problems***by*David G. Dannenbring**1284-1294 Determining Sample Size for Pretesting Comparative Effectiveness of Advertising Copies***by*Siddhartha R. Dalal & V. Srinivasan**1295-1306 Inventory Investment Analysis Using Biased Sampling Techniques***by*William L. Berry & Myles Marcus & J. Greg Williams**1307-1313 Generalized Programming by Linear Approximation of the Dual Gradient: Convex Programming Case***by*Michael H. Wagner & J. Franklin Sharp**1314-1320 A Model of a Multi-Product Two-Stage Inventory System with Limited Intermediate Bulk Storage Capacity***by*Hans G. Daellenbach**1321-1327 Production Runs for Multiple Products: The Two-Product Heuristic***by*Alan L. Saipe**1328-1335 An Order-Level-Scheduling-Period System with Lost Sales***by*Israel Pressman**1336-1348 The Effects of Communication and Information Availability in an Experimental Study of a Three-Person Game***by*J. Keith Murnighan & Alvin E. Roth**1349-1357 The Markovian Queue with Bounded Waiting time***by*Bezalel Gavish & Paul J. Schweitzer**1358-1359 Note--A Note on "Critical Ratio Scheduling: An Experimental Analysis"***by*Stephen C. Graves**1360-1361 Note--Author's Reply to Graves' Note on the Paper "Critical Ratio Scheduling: An Experimental Analysis"***by*William L. Berry**1361-1362 Note--A Comment on Keeney's Group Utility Axioms***by*John O. McClain**1363-1364 Note--Simulating a Lognormal Time Series with Prescribed Serial Correlation***by*Denis R. Coleman & Alan L. Saipe**1364-1365 Communication***by*Roy E. Marsten & Thomas L. Morin

### July 1977, Volume 23, Issue 11

**1149-1160 The Substitution of Communication for Transportation--A Case Study***by*David A. Lopez & Paul Gray**1161-1168 A Model for Planning the Transition to Equilibrium of a University Budget***by*David S. P. Hopkins & William F. Massy**1169-1173 How Often Will the Firemen Get their Sleep?***by*John D. Finnerty**1174-1182 An Evaluation of Flow Shop Sequencing Heuristics***by*David G. Dannenbring**1183-1186 An Algorithm for Deriving the Capital Market Line***by*Gordon J. Alexander**1187-1198 Multilocation Plant Sizing and Timing***by*Ram C. Rao & David P. Rutenberg**1199-1207 Optimizing Claims Fluctuation Reserves***by*Christoph Haehling von Lanzenauer & Don D. Wright**1208-1223 Geometric Approaches to Solving the Traveling Salesman Problem***by*John P. Norback & Robert F. Love**1224-1233 Incorporating Thresholds of Indifference in Probabilistic Choice Models***by*K. S. Krishnan**1234-1241 An Investment Strategy with Overshoot Rebates which Minimizes the Time to Attain a Specified Goal***by*Donald C. Aucamp**1242-1246 Note--Capital Budgeting of Interdependent Projects: Activity Analysis Approach***by*Juval Goldwerger & Jacob Paroush**1247-1247 Note--A Comment on Rao's Class \scr{M} and S\bar Matrices***by*Gary J. Koehler**1248-1251 Note--A Note on the Dynamic Inventory Problem with Unknown Demand Distribution***by*S. Papachristos**1251-1255 Note--A Computational Refinement for Discrete-Valued Dynamic Programs with Convex Functions***by*Don R. Robinson**1256-1257 Communication--A Comprehensive Model for Long Range Academic Strategies***by*Paul Gray**1257-1257 Communication--Response to a "Comprehensive Model for Long Range Academic Strategies"***by*Anthony S. Walters & Janet Mangold Burnstein**1258-1259 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### June 1977, Volume 23, Issue 10

**1037-1049 An Empirical Analysis of the Optimal Advertising Policy***by*Dan Horsky**1050-1059 Implications of Resource Directive Allocation Models for Organizational Design***by*James R. Freeland & Jeffrey H. Moore**1060-1069 Determination of the Product Mix and the Business Policy of an Insurance Company--A Portfolio Approach***by*Yehuda Kahane**1070-1079 Lot Sizing and Sequencing for N Products on One Facility***by*Christian M. Delporte & L. Joseph Thomas**1080-1088 Simultaneous Investment and Allocation Decisions Applied to Water Planning***by*Ronald D. Armstrong & Cleve E. Willis**1089-1098 A Stochastic Model of Demand Forecasting for Technical Manpower Planning***by*N. K. Kwak & Walter A. Garrett, Jr. & Sam Barone**1099-1108 The Design of Problem-Solving Systems***by*Werner Ulrich**1109-1116 Decision Models for Individual Scientists Involved in Basic Research***by*Jerold L. Zimmerman**1117-1123 A Strategy Which Maximizes the Geometric Mean Return on Portfolio Investments***by*James H. Vander Weide & David W. Peterson & Steven F. Maier**1124-1132 Policies for Reducing Blood Wastage in Hospital Blood Banks***by*M. Barry Dumas & Manus Rabinowitz**1133-1142 The m-Center Problem: Minimax Facility Location***by*R. S. Garfinkel & A. W. Neebe & M. R. Rao**1143-1144 Note--A Note on Multivariate Risk and Separable Utility Functions***by*Richard Engelbrecht**1144-1146 Note--A Note on Single Machine Sequencing with Random Processing Times***by*Thom J. Hodgson