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Systemic Risk in Financial Systems

  • Larry Eisenberg

    ()

    (The Risk Engineering Company, 1376 Midland Avenue, No. 603, Bronxville, New York 10708-6853)

  • Thomas H. Noe

    ()

    (A. B. Freeman School of Business, Goldring/Woldenberg Hall, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118-5669)

We consider default by firms that are part of a single clearing mechanism. The obligations of all firms within the system are determined simultaneously in a fashion consistent with the priority of debt claims and the limited liability of equity. We first show, via a fixed-point argument, that there always exists a "clearing payment vector" that clears the obligations of the members of the clearing system; under mild regularity conditions, this clearing vector is unique. Next, we develop an algorithm that both clears the financial system in a computationally efficient fashion and provides information on the systemic risk faced by the individual system firms. Finally, we produce qualitative comparative statics for financial systems. These comparative statics imply that, in contrast to single-firm results, even unsystematic, nondissipative shocks to the system will lower the total value of the system and may lower the value of the equity of some of the individual system firms.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.47.2.236.9835
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Article provided by INFORMS in its journal Management Science.

Volume (Year): 47 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 236-249

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Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:47:y:2001:i:2:p:236-249
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