# INFORMS

# Management Science

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

**For corrections or technical questions regarding this series, please contact (Mirko Janc)**

**Series handle:**repec:inm:ormnsc

**ISSN:**0025-1909

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### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 10

**1039-1060 Translation of Gambles and Aspiration Level Effects in Risky Choice Behavior***by*John W. Payne & Dan J. Laughhunn & Roy Crum**1061-1067 Note---Planning for Industrial Estate Development in a Developing Economy***by*C. O. Fong**1068-1069 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 9

**857-870 Review of Data Related to Energy Use in Residential and Commercial Buildings***by*Eric Hirst**871-889 Diagnostic Analysis of a Production and Distribution System***by*Arnoldo C. Hax & Nicolas S. Majluf & Mark Pendrock**890-900 Optimal Resource Allocation Between Spot and Package Demands***by*Yoram Kinberg & Ambar G. Rao & Ephraim F. Sudit**901-909 Expected Utility and the Truncated Normal Distribution***by*R. Norgaard & T. Killeen**910-934 A Framework for Research in Computer-Based Management Information Systems***by*Blake Ives & Scott Hamilton & Gordon B. Davis**935-946 Multiple-Object, Discriminatory Auctions with Bidding Constraints: A Game-Theoretic Analysis***by*Thomas R. Palfrey**946-951 Note---On the Marginal Benefit of Adding Servers to G/GI/m Queues***by*Richard R. Weber**951-956 Note---Simple Inequalities for Multiserver Queues***by*Matthew J. Sobel**956-959 Note---Comments on a Queueing Inequality***by*Daniel P. Heyman**960-961 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 8

**747-749 Invited Note---Some References for the Ellipsoid Algorithm***by*Philip Wolfe**750-772 An Evaluation of the Initial Year of Zero-Base Budgeting in the Federal Government***by*Virendra S. Sherlekar & Burton V. Dean**773-783 A Goal Programming Model for Planning Officer Accessions***by*E. S. Bres & D. Burns & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper**784-795 Finding All Solutions for a Class of Parametric Quadratic Integer Programming Problems***by*R. D. McBride & J. S. Yormark**796-809 Optimal Sizing of Records Used to Store Messages of Various Lengths***by*Ranel E. Erickson & Hanan Luss**810-822 A Comparison of Optimal and Adaptive Decision Mechanisms in an Organizational Setting***by*Edwin H. Neave & Edward R. Petersen**823-825 Accounting Applications---Introduction***by*Joshua Ronen**826-839 An Activity Analysis Approach to Unit Costing with Multiple Interactive Products***by*Hiroyuki Itami & Robert S. Kaplan**840-848 Variance Analysis Procedures as Motivational Devices***by*Stanley Baiman & Joel S. Demski**849-854 Note---Optimal Inventories Based on Job Completion Rate for Repairs Requiring Multiple Items***by*Stephen A. Smith & John C. Chambers & Eli Shlifer**855-856 Management Science Update Column---"Multicommodity Distribution System Design by Benders Decomposition"***by*A. M. Geoffrion & G. W. Graves

### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 7

**641-658 Marketing Applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process***by*Yoram Wind & Thomas L. Saaty**659-668 Modeling and Resolution of the Medium Term Energy Generation Planning Problem for a Large Hydro-Electric System***by*Melville A. Hanscom & Louis Lafond & Leon Lasdon & Gaston Pronovost**669-679 Deterministic Production Planning: Algorithms and Complexity***by*M. Florian & J. K. Lenstra & A. H. G. Rinnooy Kan**680-693 The Effects of Promotion by Seniority in Growth-Constrained Organizations***by*Robert E. Stanford**694-706 Linear Multiple Objective Problems with Interval Coefficients***by*Gabriel R. Bitran**707-718 A Decision Analysis Model for a Serious Medical Problem***by*Daniel Peña Sanchez de Rivera**719-735 A Boolean Approach to Interactive Program Planning***by*George Abonyi & Nigel Howard**736-743 Some New Branching and Bounding Criteria for the Asymmetric Travelling Salesman Problem***by*Giorgio Carpaneto & Paolo Toth**744-745 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 6

**539-569 Exceptional Paper---A Theory of the U.S. Treasury Market Equilibrium***by*John Y. Barry & Herbert F. Ayres**570-574 Humans vs. Computer Algorithms for the Plant Layout Problem***by*Thomas W. Trybus & Lewis D. Hopkins**575-592 An Information Processing Model of Organizational Perception, Strategy and Choice***by*Francis D. Tuggle & Donald Gerwin**593-605 Solution of Spatial Equilibrium Problems with Benders Decomposition***by*Joseph Polito & Bruce A. McCarl & Thomas L. Morin**606-619 The Relationship between Attributes, Brand Preference, and Choice: A Stochastic View***by*Jean-Marie Blin & Joe A. Dodson**620-632 Assessment of Simple Joint Time/Risk Preference Functions***by*Stephen M. Barrager**633-636 Note---A Node Elimination Procedure for Townsend's Algorithm for Solving the Single Machine Quadratic Penalty Function Scheduling Problem***by*P. C. Bagga & K. R. Kalra**637-638 About Authors***by*anonymous**639-640 Management Science Update Column--Production Smoothing with Finite Horizons***by*John R. Hall, Jr. (Editor)

### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 5

**439-450 Testing for Vision Loss in Glaucoma Suspects***by*Peter Kolesar**451-463 PBDS: A Decision Support System for Regional Blood Management***by*Gregory P. Prastacos & Eric Brodheim**464-470 The Diffusion of an Administrative Innovation***by*David J. Teece**471-482 Estimation of a Longitudinal Model to Decompose the Effects of an Advertising Stimulus on Family Consumption***by*Russell S. Winer**483-494 Are Multi-Echelon Inventory Methods Worth Implementing in Systems with Low-Demand-Rate Items?***by*John A. Muckstadt & L. Joseph Thomas**495-509 Solving Large-Scale Symmetric Travelling Salesman Problems to Optimality***by*Harlan Crowder & Manfred W. Padberg**510-523 A Land Management Model Using Dantzig-Wolfe Decomposition***by*L. Nazareth**524-535 A Mathematical Programming Approach to Beef Feedlot Optimization***by*John J. Glen**536-537 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 4

**345-353 Utility Functions for Equity and Public Risk***by*Ralph L. Keeney**354-370 Scheduling of Network Television Programs***by*Jeffrey H. Horen**371-386 The Influence of Decision Style on Decision Making Behavior***by*John C. Henderson & Paul C. Nutt**387-400 On Committee Decision Making: A Game Theoretical Approach***by*Prakash P. Shenoy**401-417 The Efficiency of the Price, Budget, and Mixed Approaches Under Varying a Priori Information Levels for Decentralized Planning***by*Richard M. Burton & Börge Obel**418-422 Communications---Rand-HUD Fire Models***by*Rodrick Wallace & Deborah Wallace**422-432 Response to Communication on Rand-HUD Fire Models***by*Jan Chaiken & Edward Ignall & Peter Kolesar & Warren Walker**432-433 Committee on Scientific Freedom and Responsibility***by*American Association for the Advancement of Science**433-434 Car Pool Systems***by*Stephen L. Robinson**434-434 Reply to Robinson***by*Nathaniel H. Leff**435-436 Erratum to "On a Production Allocation and Distribution Problem"***by*Thomas G. Mairs & Glenn W. Wakefield & Ellis L. Johnson & Kurt Spielberg**437-437 About Authors***by*anonymous**438-438 Management Science Update Column--Bulk-Arrival Queues with State-Dependent Service Times***by*John R. Hall, Jr. (Editor)

### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 3

**229-241 Turnpike Horizons for Production Planning***by*Gerald L. Thompson & Suresh P. Sethi**242-260 Integer Programming Models for Sales Resource Allocation***by*Andris A. Zoltners & Prabhakant Sinha**261-273 A Competitive Scenario Modeling System***by*Biplab K. Dutta & William R. King**274-281 A Lagrangean Relaxation Algorithm for the Two Duty Period Scheduling Problem***by*Fred Shepardson & Roy E. Marsten**282-296 An Implicit Enumeration Algorithm for Quadratic Integer Programming***by*R. D. McBride & J. S. Yormark**297-311 An Economics Approach to Modeling the Productivity of Computer Systems***by*Charles H. Kriebei & Artur Raviv**312-321 Implicit Intransitivity Under Majority Rule with Mixed Motions***by*Merrill M. Flood**322-341 Structure in 5's: A Synthesis of the Research on Organization Design***by*Henry Mintzberg**342-342 Erratum to "Planning Horizon Procedures for Machine Replacement Models"***by*Suresh P. Sethi & Suresh Chand**343-344 About Authors***by*anonymous**342-342 Erratum to "Optimal Pilfering Policies for Dynamic Continuous Thieves"***by*Suresh P. Sethi

### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 2

**119-142 State of the Art---Auctions and Bidding Models: A Survey***by*Richard Engelbrecht-Wiggans**143-154 A Stochastic Constrained Optimization Model for Determining Commercial Fishing Seasons***by*Norman Gaither**155-164 First-Offer Bargains***by*William Samuelson**165-179 An Analysis of Utilization Differences for Scientific and Technical Information***by*Arthur Gerstenfeld & Paul Berger**180-201 On the Design of Incentives in Business Firms---A Survey of Some Research***by*L. Peter Jennergren**202-214 Scheduling Jobs on Two Facilities to Minimize Makespan***by*R. L. Bulfin & R. G. Parker**215-226 Note---On "A Parsimonious Description of the Hendry System"***by*Joel R. Rubinson & Wilfried R. Vanhonacker & Frank M. Bass**227-227 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1980, Volume 26, Issue 1

**1-17 Worst-Case Analysis of Heuristic Algorithms***by*Marshall L. Fisher**18-27 A Coverage Function for Interval Estimators of Simulation Response***by*Lee W. Schruben**28-33 Technological Forecasting---An Overview***by*Joseph P. Martino**34-43 Simple Ranking Methods for Allocation of One Resource***by*Paul H. Zipkin**44-59 R&D Project Planning with Q-GERT Network Modeling and Simulation***by*Bernard W. Taylor, III & Laurence J. Moore**60-77 Consumer Preference Judgments: An Exposition with Empirical Applications***by*Jehoshua Eliashberg**78-85 A Longitudinal Model to Decompose the Effects of an Advertising Stimulus on Family Consumption***by*Russell S. Winer**86-96 Pivot and Complement--A Heuristic for 0-1 Programming***by*Egon Balas & Clarence H. Martin**97-101 Note---A Comment on "Modeling the Marketing Mix Decision for Industrial Products"***by*Paul W. Farris & Robert D. Buzzell**101-105 Reply to Farris and Buzzell's Comment on ADVISOR 2 Paper***by*Gary L. Lilien**106-112 Note---Analysis of Time Series with Calendar Effects***by*Lon-Mu Liu**113-115 Note---The Single Facility Minimax Distance Problem Under Stochastic Location of Demand***by*Robert Carbone & Abraham Mehrez**116-117 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 12

**1175-1183 Crew Planning at Flying Tiger: A Successful Application of Integer Programming***by*Roy E. Marsten & Michael R. Muller & Christine L. Killion**1184-1196 The New Product Problem: An Approach for Investigating Product Failures***by*William R. Dillon & Roger Calantone & Parker Worthing**1197-1207 An Optimal Algorithm for Sales Representative Time Management***by*Andris A. Zoltners & Prabhakant Sinha & Philip S. C. Chong**1208-1216 Evaluation of a Heuristic for Scheduling Independent Jobs on Parallel Identical Processors***by*Ali Dogramaci & Julius Surkis**1217-1231 A Metasystem Approach to Organizational Decision-Making***by*Walter J. M. Kickert & John P. van Gigch**1232-1244 Using Linear Programming to Derive Planning Horizons for a Production Smoothing Problem***by*Louis W. Miller**1245-1257 Server Transfer Delays in a Dual Resource Constrained Parallel Queueing System***by*Richard E. Gunther**1258-1271 Controlled Experimental Design for Statistical Comparison of Integer Programming Algorithms***by*Benjamin W. Lin & Ronald L. Rardin**1272-1277 An Example of a Multi-Object Auction Game***by*Richard Engelbrecht-Wiggans & Robert J. Weber

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 11

**1045-1056 Airline Safety: Some Empirical Findings***by*Arnold Barnett & Michael Abraham & Victor Schimmel**1057-1068 A Competitive Pricing Model***by*Hani I. Mesak & Richard C. Clelland**1069-1081 ISMS: Computer-Aided Analysis for Design of Decision-Support Systems***by*James V. Hansen & Lynn J. McKell & Lester E. Heitger**1082-1092 Fire Loss Reduction: Fire Detectors vs. Fire Stations***by*Jonathan Halpern**1093-1104 A Capacitated Bottleneck Facility Location Problem***by*P. M. Dearing & F. C. Newruck**1105-1114 Must--A Multiple Solutions Technique for Balancing Single Model Assembly Lines***by*E. M. Dar-El & Y. Rubinovitch**1115-1126 Binomial Searching for a Random Number of Multinomially Hidden Objects***by*George Kimeldorf & Furman H. Smith**1127-1137 Multiperiod Consumption and Investment Behavior with Convex Transactions Costs***by*George M. Constantinides**1138-1148 Multi-Stage Production Planning***by*Henry Gabbay**1149-1161 Extended Pattern Search with Transformations for the Three-Parameter Weibull MLE Problem***by*Stelios H. Zanakis**1162-1172 The Optimum Span of Control in a Pure Hierarchy***by*Michael Keren & David Levhari**1173-1174 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 10

**931-938 Probability Models in Medicine and Biology: Avenues for Their Validation for Humans in Real Life***by*Jerzy Neyman**939-952 An Exact Hierarchical Algorithm for Determining Aggregate Statistics from Individual Choice Data***by*Dennis H. Gensch & Joseph A. Svestka**953-965 The Interaction Effect of Preference and Availability on Brand Switching and Market Share***by*Abel P. Jeuland**966-979 Individual Differences and MIS Success: A Review of the Empirical Literature***by*Robert W. Zmud**980-989 The Cost of Decent Subsistence***by*Joseph L. Balintfy**990-996 An Indirect Method for the Generalized k-Median Problem Applied to Lock-Box Location***by*Lazaros P. Mavrides**997-1004 Generating Pallet Loading Patterns: A Special Case of the Two-Dimensional Cutting Stock Problem***by*Harold J. Steudel**1005-1013 Infinite Horizon Investment--Consumption Policies***by*Robert A. Abrams & Uday S. Karmarkar**1014-1025 Channel Optimization in Complex Marketing Systems***by*Marcel Corstjens & Peter Doyle**1026-1027 Note--A Critical Note on a Result by Lemoine***by*I. Mitrani**1027-1034 Note--Some Results on Sojourn Times in Acyclic Jackson Networks***by*B. Simon & R. D. Foley**1034-1035 Note--On Total Sojourn Time in Networks of Queues***by*Austin J. Lemoine**1035-1041 Note--A Delegation Process for Combining Individual Utility Functions***by*Samuel E. Bodily

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 9

**813-821 The Beta Distribution as a Model of Behavior in Consumer Goods Markets***by*John F. Stewart**822-832 Group Preference Aggregation Rules Based on Strength of Preference***by*James S. Dyer & Rakesh K. Sarin**833-848 A Conceptual Framework for the Design of Organizational Control Mechanisms***by*William G. Ouchi**849-861 A Markovian Queue with N Servers Subject to Breakdowns and Repairs***by*Marcel F. Neuts & David M. Lucantoni**862-872 Comparison of a Multi-Pass Heuristic Decomposition Procedure with Other Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling Procedures***by*Charles A. Holloway & Rosser T. Nelson & Vichit Suraphongschai**873-883 On the Decentralized Capital Budgeting Problem under Uncertainty***by*Börge Obel & James Vander Weide**884-894 An Algorithm for a Nonlinear Discontinuous Knapsack Problem***by*R. D. Armstrong & W. D. Cook & F. E. Palacios-Gomez**895-906 A Multiple Objective Approach to Space Planning for Academic Facilities***by*Larry Ritzman & John Bradford & Robert Jacobs**907-915 A Generalization of the Nerlove-Arrow Model to Multi-Firms Advertising under Uncertainty***by*Charles S. Tapiero**916-922 Note--Post-Infeasibility Analysis in Linear Programming***by*Gary M. Roodman**922-928 Note--Managing Sickle Cell Anemia in Zaire***by*Jean Lemaire**929-930 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 8

**709-720 Using Optimal Policy Surfaces to Analyze Aggregate Inventory Tradeoffs***by*Everette S. Gardner, Jr. & David G. Dannenbring**721-728 On the Optimal Allocation of Work in Symmetrically Unbalanced Production Line Systems with Variable Operation Times***by*Frederick S. Hillier & Ronald W. Boling**729-743 Optimal Inventory Ordering Policy with Tax Payments Under FIFO and LIFO Accounting Systems***by*Morris A. Cohen & Dov Pekelman**744-753 Multiattribute Utility Functions: Decompositions Using Interpolation***by*David E. Bell**754-761 Less Nervous MRP Systems: A Dynamic Economic Lot-Sizing Approach***by*Robert C. Carlson & James V. Jucker & Dean H. Kropp**762-769 An Analysis of the EEOCC "Four-Fifths" Rule***by*Irwin Greenberg**770-776 Another Analysis of the EEOCC "Four-Fifths" Rule***by*Anthony E. Boardman**777-786 The Power Approximation for Computing (s, S) Inventory Policies***by*Richard Ehrhardt**787-798 The Effect of Cognitive Style and Report Format on Task Performance: The MIS Design Consequences***by*Edward J. Lusk & Michael Kersnick**799-807 Reliability and Inventory in a Production-Storage System***by*Robert R. Meyer & Michael H. Rothkopf & Stephen A. Smith**808-809 Note--On "Location of Bank Accounts to Optimize Float: An Analytic Study of Exact and Approximate Algorithms"***by*Gerard Cornuejols & Marshall L. Fisher & George L. Nemhauser**810-810 Communication--Algorithms for Car-Pools***by*Nathaniel Leff**811-812 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 7

**609-622 An Efficient Algorithm to Determine Stochastic Dominance Admissible Sets***by*Vijay S. Bawa & Eric B. Lindenberg & Lawrence C. Rafsky**623-631 A Case Study of Encoder Shift Scheduling under Uncertainty***by*Vincent A. Mabert**632-642 Advertising Agency Compensation: A Model for Incentive and Control***by*Roger J. Calantone & Donald H. Drury**643-648 The Chinese Postman Problem for Mixed Networks***by*Edward Minieka**649-656 On the Effectiveness of Common Random Numbers***by*R. D. Wright & T. E. Ramsay, Jr.**657-670 The Management System: Its Functions and Processes***by*J. Barton Cunningham**671-682 Brand Choice Inertia as One Aspect of the Notion of Brand Loyalty***by*Abel P. Jeuland**683-696 Weighted Assignment Models and Their Application***by*G. Terry Ross & Andris A. Zoltners**697-705 Note--Computation of Particular Economic Equilibria***by*Jerome Bracken & James E. Falk**706-707 Notes About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 6

**505-511 Comparing Probability Measures on a Set with an Intransitive Preference Relation***by*Ward Whitt**512-521 Assessing Project Implementation Risk: A Methodological Approach***by*John Anderson & Ram Narasimhan**522-534 A Closure Approximation for the Nonstationary M/M/s Queue***by*Michael H. Rothkopf & Shmuel S. Oren**535-542 Optimal Pilfering Policies for Dynamic Continuous Thieves***by*Suresh P. Sethi**543-554 An Approach for Long Term Forecasting with an Application to Solar Electric Energy***by*Rakesh K. Sarin**555-564 Constrained Entropy Models; Solvability and Sensitivity***by*John J. Dinkel & G. A. Kochenberger**565-576 Simulating Housing Market Processes at the Micro Level***by*Igal Ayal & Donald J. Hempel**577-582 Optimizing Standby Reliability Systems Having Non-Decreasing Failure Rates***by*Dennis W. McLeavey & Janet A. McLeavey**583-593 Assumptional Analysis: A Methodology for Strategic Problem Solving***by*Ian I. Mitroff & James R. Emshoff & Ralph H. Kilmann**594-603 Aggregation and Proration in Forecasting***by*E. Shlifer & R. W. Wolff

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 5

**413-422 The Use of Optimization Models in Public-Sector Planning***by*E. Downey Brill, Jr.**423-428 Advocacy and Objectivity in Science***by*J. Scott Armstrong**429-443 The Adoption Time Period for Some Transportation Innovations***by*John E. Ettlie & David B. Vellenga**444-453 Participation Rates in Government Transfer Programs: Application to Housing Allowances***by*C. Peter Rydell & John E. Mulford & Lawrence W. Kozimor**454-465 Does Lag Structure Really Matter in Optimizing Advertising Expenditures?***by*Alain V. Bultez & Philippe A. Naert**466-473 Candidate to Job Allocation Problem with a Lexicographic Objective***by*J. Cramer & M. A. Pollatschek**474-484 Turnpike Results for Single Location Capacity Expansion***by*Robert L. Smith**485-497 Effects of Alternate Information Structures in a Decomposed Organization: A Laboratory Experiment***by*Jeffrey H. Moore**498-501 Note--Effects of Centralization on Expected Costs in a Multi-Location Newsboy Problem***by*Gary D. Eppen

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 4

**301-311 Estimating Service Territory Size***by*Stephen A. Smith**312-319 Learning Curves, Production Rate, and Program Costs***by*Norman Keith Womer**320-328 The Computation of Optimal Control Limits for a Queue with Batch Services***by*Howard J. Weiss**329-340 Cluster Analysis: An Application of Lagrangian Relaxation***by*John M. Mulvey & Harlan P. Crowder**341-351 An Analytic Framework for Evaluating Rolling Schedules***by*Kenneth R. Baker & David W. Peterson**352-362 Linear Programming and Markov Decision Chains***by*A. Hordijk & L. C. M. Kallenberg**363-373 A Simulation Study of Predictable Due-Dates***by*James K. Weeks**374-384 An Inventory Model with Full Load Ordering***by*Katarzyna Iwaniec**385-395 Two-Segment Separable Programming***by*R. R. Meyer**396-404 The Cut Search Algorithm with Arc Capacities and Lower Bounds***by*Steve Phillips, Jr. & Mohamed I. Dessouky**405-408 Note--Aggregations of Subsidiary Firms for Minimal Unemployment Compensation Payments Via Integer Programming***by*Harvey M. Salkin & C. H. Lin**408-408 Communication--An Extension of Gitlow's Methodology for Designing Abortion Clinics***by*J. P. C. Kleijnen**409-410 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1979, Volume 25, Issue 3

**211-220 Revising Earnings Per Share Forecasts: An Empirical Test***by*Charles H. Brandon & Jeffrey E. Jarrett**221-230 Incentives in a Divisionalized Firm***by*Theodore Groves & Martin Loeb**231-242 A Theory of Academic Interdisciplinary Research Performance: A Contingency and Path Analysis Approach***by*Philip H. Birnbaum