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The Logistics Impact of a Mixture of Order-Streams in a Manufacturer-Retailer System

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  • Ananth V. Iyer

    () (Krannert Graduate School of Management, 1310 Krannert Building, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1310)

  • Apurva Jain

    () (University of Washington Business School, Box 353200, Seattle, Washington 98195-3200)

Abstract

We model a supply chain with two retail warehouses that place replenishment orders with a common manufacturing capacity. The two retailers differ in the variability of their order-streams. The order-stream from one retail warehouse is modeled as a Poisson process and from the other as a hyperexponential renewal process. Each retail warehouse uses a base-stock policy to place replenishment orders with the manufacturer. The manufacturer is modeled as a first-come-first-serve, single exponential server queue. We analyze the supply-side impact of this mixture of order-streams received by the manufacturer on both retailers. An exact analysis of this base-model generates closed-form expressions for distributions of the lead-time, outstanding orders, and expected inventory costs for each retailer, and leads to comparative results about the two retailers- performance measures. The base-model is extended to accommodate finished goods at the manufacturer, more than two retailers, and bulk-arrivals. We use the model to suggest managerial insights about the impact of the presence of a high-variability retailer on other retailers who share capacity, the distorting impact of manufacturer finished goods inventory on retailer incentives, and the incentives for retailers to participate in variability-reduction programs in the grocery industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Ananth V. Iyer & Apurva Jain, 2003. "The Logistics Impact of a Mixture of Order-Streams in a Manufacturer-Retailer System," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 49(7), pages 890-906, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:49:y:2003:i:7:p:890-906
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.49.7.890.16378
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. GĂ©rard P. Cachon & Martin A. Lariviere, 1999. "Capacity Allocation Using Past Sales: When to Turn-and-Earn," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 45(5), pages 685-703, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Cheung, Ki Ling & Song, Jing-Sheng & Zhang, Yue, 2017. "Cost reduction through operations reversal," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 259(1), pages 100-112.
    2. V. Daniel R. Guide , Jr. & Gilvan C. Souza & Luk N. Van Wassenhove & Joseph D. Blackburn, 2006. "Time Value of Commercial Product Returns," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 52(8), pages 1200-1214, August.
    3. Zhu, Wanshan & Wu, Zhengping, 2014. "The stochastic ordering of mean-preserving transformations and its applications," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 239(3), pages 802-809.
    4. Ananth V. Iyer & Apurva Jain, 2004. "Modeling the Impact of Merging Capacity in Production-Inventory Systems," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(8), pages 1082-1094, August.
    5. Sanajian, Nima & BalcIog[small tilde]lu, BarIs, 2009. "The impact of production time variability on make-to-stock queue performance," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 194(3), pages 847-855, May.
    6. Jain, Apurva, 2007. "Value of capacity pooling in supply chains with heterogeneous customers," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 177(1), pages 239-260, February.
    7. repec:pal:jorsoc:v:61:y:2010:i:1:d:10.1057_jors.2008.139 is not listed on IDEAS

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