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A Value Efficiency Approach to Incorporating Preference Information in Data Envelopment Analysis

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  • Merja Halme

    (Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Economics and Management Science, Runeberginkatu 14--16, 00100 Helsinki, Finland)

  • Tarja Joro

    (Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Economics and Management Science, Runeberginkatu 14--16, 00100 Helsinki, Finland)

  • Pekka Korhonen

    (Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Economics and Management Science, Runeberginkatu 14--16, 00100 Helsinki, Finland)

  • Seppo Salo

    (Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Economics and Management Science, Runeberginkatu 14--16, 00100 Helsinki, Finland)

  • Jyrki Wallenius

    (Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Economics and Management Science, Runeberginkatu 14--16, 00100 Helsinki, Finland)

Abstract

We develop a procedure and the requisite theory for incorporating preference information in a novel way in the efficiency analysis of Decision Making Units. The efficiency of Decision Making Units is defined in the spirit of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), complemented with Decision Maker's preference information concerning the desirable structure of inputs and outputs. Our procedure begins by aiding the Decision Maker in searching for the most preferred combination of inputs and outputs of Decision Making Units (for short, Most Preferred Solution) which are efficient in DEA. Then, assuming that the Decision Maker's Most Preferred Solution maximizes his/her underlying (unknown) value function, we approximate the indifference contour of the value function at this point with its possible tangent hyperplanes. Value Efficiency scores are then calculated for each Decision Making Unit comparing the inefficient units to units having the same value as the Most Preferred Solution. The resulting Value Efficiency scores are optimistic approximations of the true scores. The procedure and the resulting efficiency scores are immediately applicable to solving practical problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Merja Halme & Tarja Joro & Pekka Korhonen & Seppo Salo & Jyrki Wallenius, 1999. "A Value Efficiency Approach to Incorporating Preference Information in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 45(1), pages 103-115, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:45:y:1999:i:1:p:103-115
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.45.1.103
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tarja Joro & Pekka Korhonen & Jyrki Wallenius, 1998. "Structural Comparison of Data Envelopment Analysis and Multiple Objective Linear Programming," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 44(7), pages 962-970, July.
    2. Thanassoulis, E. & Dyson, R. G., 1992. "Estimating preferred target input-output levels using data envelopment analysis," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 80-97, January.
    3. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    4. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Golany, B. & Seiford, L. & Stutz, J., 1985. "Foundations of data envelopment analysis for Pareto-Koopmans efficient empirical production functions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 91-107.
    5. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
    6. Thompson, Russell G. & Langemeier, Larry N. & Lee, Chih-Tah & Lee, Euntaik & Thrall, Robert M., 1990. "The role of multiplier bounds in efficiency analysis with application to Kansas farming," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1-2), pages 93-108.
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