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Publications

by members of

Elinkeinoelämän Tutkimuslaitos (ETLA)
Helsinki, Finland

(The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy))

These are publications listed in RePEc written by members of the above institution who are registered with the RePEc Author Service. Thus this compiles the works all those currently affiliated with this institutions, not those affilated at the time of publication. List of registered members. Register yourself. This page is updated in the first days of each month.
| Working papers | Journal articles | Books | Chapters |

Working papers

Undated material is listed at the end

2013

  1. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2013. "Services: A New Source of Value," ETLA Brief 11, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, 2013. "Nokia’s Labor Inflows and Outflows in Finland: Observations from 1989 to 2010," ETLA Reports 10, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Rouvinen, Petri, 2013. "Implications of Value Creation and Capture in Global Value Chains - Lessons from 39 Grassroots Cases," ETLA Reports 16, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Kalm, Matias & Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri & Seppälä, Timo & Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2013. "Microsoft Acquires Nokia: Implications for the Two Companies and Finland," ETLA Brief 16, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Maliranta, Mika & Määttänen, Niku, 2013. "Allocation and industry productivity: Accounting for firm turnover," ETLA Working Papers 11, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Maliranta, Mika, 2013. "Globalization, occupational restructuring and firm performance," ETLA Working Papers 5, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Maliranta, Mika & Vihriälä, Vesa, 2013. "The Nature of the Finnish Competitiveness Problem," ETLA Reports 9, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  8. Anyadike-Danes, Michael & Bjuggren, Carl-Magnus & Gottschalk, Sandra & Hölzl, Werner & Johansson, Dan & Maliranta, Mika & Myrann, Anja, 2013. "Accounting for Job Growth: Disentangling Size and Age Effects in an International Cohort Comparison," HUI Working Papers 84, HUI Research.
  9. Kaitila, Ville, 2013. "Specialisation and/or Convergence: Structure of European Exports and Production," ETLA Working Papers 12, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  10. Kaitila, Ville & McQuinn, John & Siedschlag, Iulia & Zhang, Xiaoheng, 2013. "International Investment and Firm Performance: Empirical Evidence from Small Open Economies," ETLA Reports 6, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Kaitila, Ville, 2013. "Convergence, income distribution, and the economic crisis in Europe," ETLA Working Papers 14, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Koski, Heli & Pajarinen, Mika, 2013. "Empirical Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Competition Policy," ETLA Working Papers 15, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  13. Koski, Heli & Pajarinen, Mika, 2013. "Subsidies, Shadow of Death and Productivity," ETLA Working Papers 16, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  14. Nikulainen, Tuomo & Pajarinen, Mika, 2013. "Industry restructuring in the ICT sector – What does labor mobility tell us about skill relatedness and knowledge spillovers?," ETLA Working Papers 17, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  15. Nikulainen, Tuomo & Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2013. "Commercialization of academic research. A comparison between researchers in the U.S. and Finland," ETLA Working Papers 8, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  16. Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2013. "Big Data Revolution – What Is It?," ETLA Brief 10, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  17. Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2013. "Generating commercial ideas in Finnish universities. The role of interdisciplinarity and networking," ETLA Working Papers 9, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  18. Kauhanen, Antti, 2013. "Offshoring, labor market mobility and wage growth," ETLA Working Papers 6, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  19. Kauhanen, Antti & Kulvik, Martti & Kulvik, Silja & Maijanen, Sirpa & Martikainen, Olli & Ranta, Paula, 2013. "Resource allocation in health care processes: A case study," ETLA Working Papers 10, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  20. Kauhanen, Antti & Kulvik, Martti & Maijanen, Sirpa & Martikainen, Olli & Ranta, Paula & Kulvik, Silja, 2013. "Survival or performance? Healthcare viewed through organization, information management, and personnel," ETLA Reports 12, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  21. Kato, Takao & Kauhanen, Antti & Salmi, Julia, 2013. "Empirical Evidence on the Dynamics of Incentive Plans," ETLA Working Papers 20, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  22. Kato, Takao & Kauhanen, Antti & Kujansuu, Essi, 2013. "The Performance Effects of Individual and Group Incentives: A Case Study," ETLA Working Papers 19, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  23. Kauhanen, Antti & Salmi, Julia & Torkki, Paulus, 2013. "Performance Measurement in Healthcare Incentive Plans," ETLA Working Papers 18, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  24. Kato, Takao & Kauhanen, Antti, 2013. "Performance Pay and Enterprise Productivity: The Details Matter," ETLA Working Papers 21, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  25. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi & Steinert, Martin, 2013. "Network! Network! Network! How global technology start-ups access modern business ecosystems," ETLA Working Papers 4, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  26. Eerola, Essi & Määttänen, Niku, 2013. "Matching in the housing market with risk aversion and savings," ETLA Working Papers 3, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  27. Määttänen, Niku & Valkonen, Tarmo, 2013. "Equity release and taxation of life annuities," ETLA Reports 5, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2012

  1. Petri, Böckerman & Mika, Maliranta, 2012. "Outsourcing, occupational restructuring, and employee well-being: Is there a silver lining?," MPRA Paper 38230, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Haller, Stefanie A. & Damijan, Jože & Kaitila, Ville & Kostevc, Črt & Maliranta, Mika & Milet, Emmanuel & Mirza, Daniel & Rojec, Matija, 2012. "A portrait of trading firms in the services sectors – Comparable evidence from four EU countries," Discussion Papers 1283, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Damijan, Jože & Haller, Stefanie A. & Kaitila, Ville & Maliranta, Mika & Milet, Emmanuel & Rojec, Matija & Mirza, Daniel, 2012. "The performance of trading firms in the services sectors – Comparable evidence from four EU countries," Discussion Papers 1284, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Böckerman, Petri & Kauhanen, Antti & Maliranta, Mika, 2012. "ICT and occupation-based measures of organisational change: Firm and employee outcomes," MPRA Paper 43302, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Kauhanen, Antti & Maliranta, Mika, 2012. "Micro-components of aggregate wage dynamics," ETLA Working Papers 1, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Kaitila, Ville & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2012. "Investments in Finland. Development and international comparison (in Finnish with English abstract and summary)," Discussion Papers 1267, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Janne Niemi & Juha Honkatukia & Ville Kaitila & Markku Kotilainen, 2012. "Global trade and climate policy scenarios ? Impact on Finland," Working Papers 37, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
  8. Kaitila, Ville, 2012. "How foreign companies in Finland differ from Finnish-owned enterprises? (In Finnish with English abstract)," Discussion Papers 1279, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Joze P.Damijan & Stefanie A. Haller & Ville Kaitila & Mika Malirante & Emmanuel Milet & Matija Rojec, 2012. "The performance of trading firms in the services sectors – Comparable evidence from four EU countries," LICOS Discussion Papers 31712, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  10. Hyytinen , Ari & Lahtonen, Jukka & Pajarinen, Mika, 2012. "Entrepreneurial optimism and survival," Research Discussion Papers 20/2012, Bank of Finland.
  11. Nikulainen, Tuomo & Salmi, Julia, 2012. "Renewal and co-operation networks in Finnish industry - Observations from a corporate survey (in Finnish with English abstract and summary)," Discussion Papers 1285, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Nikulainen, Tuomo & Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi & Kulvik, Martti, 2012. "Expectations, Reality and Performance in the Finnish Biotechnology Business," Discussion Papers 1286, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2011

  1. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Rouvinen, Petri & Seppälä, Timo & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2011. "Who Captures Value in Global Supply Chains? Case Nokia N95 Smartphone," Discussion Papers 1240, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2011. "Omistajuuden vaikutus suomalaisen työllisyyden kasvuun ja pysyvyyteen," Discussion Papers 1242, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Jyrki Ali-Yrkkö & Neil Foster-McGregor & Doris Hanzl-Weiss & Petri Rouvinen & Timo Seppälä & Robert Stehrer & Roman Stöllinger & Pekka Ylä-Anttila, 2011. "Trade in Intermediate Products and EU Manufacturing Supply Chains," wiiw Research Reports 369, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  4. Maliranta, Mika & Mankinen, Reijo & Suni, Paavo & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2011. "Suhdanne- ja rakennekriisi yhtä aikaa? Toimiala- ja yritysrakenteen muutokset taantumassa," Discussion Papers 1239, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Hyytinen, Ari & Maliranta, Mika, 2011. "Firm Lifecycles and External Restructuring," Discussion Papers 1253, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Koski, Heli & Pajarinen, Mika, 2011. "Do Business Subsidies Facilitate Employment Growth?," Discussion Papers 1235, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Braunerhjelm, Pontus & Halldin, Torbjörn & Pedersen, Torben & Pajarinen, Mika & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka & Heum, Per & Kalvet, Tarmo, 2011. "Large firm dynamics on the Nordic-Baltic scene Implications for innovation and growth," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 244, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  8. Koski, Heli & Pajarinen, Mika, 2011. "The role of business subsidies in job-creation start-ups, gazelles and imcumbents," Discussion Papers 1246, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2011. "Finpron vaikuttavuus - Finpron palveluiden käytön vaikutukset yritysten kansainvälistymiseen ja menestymiseen," Discussion Papers 1258, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  10. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi & Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2011. "Commercialization at Finnish Universities - Researchers’ Perspectives on the Motives and Challenges of Turning Science into Business," Discussion Papers 1234, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Luukkonen, Terttu & Deschryvere, Matthias & Bertoni, Fabio & Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2011. "Importance of the Non-financial Value Added of Government and Independent Venture Capitalists," Discussion Papers 1257, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Kauhanen, Antti & Napari, Sami, 2011. "Career and Wage Dynamics: Evidence from Linked Employer-Employee Data," Discussion Papers 1244, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  13. Kauhanen, Antti & Napari, Sami, 2011. "Gender Differences in Careers," Discussion Papers 1241, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  14. Kangasniemi, Mari & Kauhanen, Antti, 2011. "Performance-related pay and gender wage differences," Discussion Papers 1249, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  15. Kauhanen, Antti, 2011. "The Perils of Altering Incentive Plans: A case study," Discussion Papers 1247, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  16. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi & Hermans, Raine, 2011. "Making sense of TTO production function: University technology transfer offices as process catalysts, knowledge converters and impact amplifiers," Discussion Papers 1236, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2010

  1. Kaitila, Ville, 2010. "Quality-adjusted similarity of EU-countriesŽ export structure," Discussion Papers 1227, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Pajarinen, Mika, 2010. "Revealed Technological Advantage of the Finnish Industry," Discussion Papers 1210, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2010. "The Characterics of Finpro's Clients," Discussion Papers 1213, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Koski, Heli & Pajarinen, Mika, 2010. "Supply, Complementaries, and Repetitiones of Public Support in Finland," Discussion Papers 1217, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Koski, Heli & Pajarinen, Mika, 2010. "Access to Business Subsidies: What Explains Complementarities and Persistency?," Discussion Papers 1226, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2010. "The Outcomes of Individual-level Technology Transfer and the Role of Research Collaboration Networks," Discussion Papers 1214, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Palmberg, Christopher & Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2010. "Towards a Green Post-Crisis Economy - The Position of Finland in Environmental Technologies," Discussion Papers 1219, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  8. Nikulainen, Tuomo & Salminen, Hannele & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2010. "The role and renewal of polytechnics in Finland - results of the background survey," Discussion Papers 1231, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi & Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2010. "The Research Environment in Flux – Researchers’ Views on the Recent Changes in the Finnish Innovation System," Discussion Papers 1233, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  10. Kauhanen, Antti & Napari, Sami, 2010. "Performance Measurement and Incentive Plans," Discussion Papers 1216, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Derek C. Jones & Panu Kalmi & Antti Kauhanen, 2010. "Firm and Employee Effects of an Enterprise Information System: Micro-econometric Evidence," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp992, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  12. Hyytinen, Ari & Steen, Frode & Toivanen, Otto, 2010. "Cartels Uncovered," CEPR Discussion Papers 7761, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  13. Breznitz, Shiri M. & Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2010. "Cluster Sustainability in Peripheral Regions: A case study on Israel's and Finland's biotechnology industries," Discussion Papers 1212, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  14. Hyytinen, Ari & Määttänen, Niku & Lassila, Jukka & Valkonen, Tarmo, 2010. "Eläkevaroilla vauhtia Suomen talouskasvuun?," Discussion Papers 1224, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  15. Määttänen, Niku & Terviö, Marko, 2010. "Income Distribution and Housing Prices: An Assignment Model Approach," CEPR Discussion Papers 7945, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  16. Määttänen, Niku & Valkonen, Tarmo, 2010. "Hoivavakuutuksen tarve ja arvo erilaisille kotitalouksille," Discussion Papers 1223, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2009

  1. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2009. "Which Companies Receive Public Support in Finland," Discussion Papers 1179, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, 2009. "Economic Impacts of Growth Entrepreneurship and Supporting Policies - A Preliminary Study," Discussion Papers 1205, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Maliranta, Mika, 2009. "Työpaikka- ja työntekijävirrat ja tehtävärakenteiden dynamiikka Suomen yrityssektorilla," Discussion Papers 1177, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Maliranta, Mika & Böckerman, Petri, 2009. "Globalization, Creative Destruction, and Labor Share Change: Evidence on the Determinants and Mechanism from Longitudinal Plant-level Data," Discussion Papers 1178, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Christopher Palmberg & Hélène Dernis & Claire Miguet, 2009. "Nanotechnology: An Overview Based on Indicators and Statistics," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2009/7, OECD Publishing.
  6. Palmberg, Christopher, 2009. "Commercialising Eco-Efficient Nanotechnologies in the Construction Industy - The case of glass-processing in Finland," Discussion Papers 1191, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Kotiranta, Annu & Nikulainen, Tuomo & Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi & Deschryvere, Matthias & Pajarinen, Mika, 2009. "Evaluating National Innovation Systems - Key Insights from the Finnish Innoeval Survey," Discussion Papers 1196, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  8. Nikulainen, Tuomo & Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2009. "Towards Demand Based Innovation Policy? The Introduction of SHOKs as Innovation Policy Instrument," Discussion Papers 1182, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Nikulainen, Tuomo & Kulvik, Martti, 2009. "How General Are General Purpose Technologies? Evidence from nano-, bio- and ICT-technologies in Finland," Discussion Papers 1208, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  10. Böckerman, Petri & Johansson, Edvard & Kauhanen, Antti, 2009. "Innovative Work Practices and Sickness Absence: What Does a Nationally Representative Employee Survey Tell?," MPRA Paper 17872, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Jones, Derek & Kalmi, Panu & Kauhanen, Antti, 2009. "The Effects of General and Firm-Spesific Training on Wages and Performance: Evidence from Banking," Discussion Papers 1184, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2009. "Finnish University Technology Transfer in a Whirl of Changes - a Brief Summary," Discussion Papers 1188, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  13. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2009. "Yliopistollinen teknologiansiirto muutosten pyörteissä. Näkemyksiä SHOK korkeakoulukeksintölain ja yliopistolain vaikutuksista tutkimus- ja innovaatiotoimintaan," Discussion Papers 1183, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2008

  1. Huovinen, Pasi & Rouvinen, Petri, 2008. "Does Mass-media Fuel, and Easy Credit Facilitate, Impulse Buys?," Discussion Papers 1126, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Hyytinen, Ari & Rouvinen, Petri, 2008. "The Labour Market Consequences of Self-employment Spells: European Evidence," Discussion Papers 1129, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Maliranta, Mika & Mohnen, Pierre & Rouvinen, Petri, 2008. "Is Inter-firm Labor Mobility a Channel of Knowledge Spillovers? Evidence from a Linked Employer-Employee Panel," Discussion Papers 1116, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Maliranta, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri & Airaksinen, Aarno, 2008. "IT Outsourcing in Finnish Business," Discussion Papers 1140, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, 2008. "Does Inter-Organizational Networking Support Regional Development? Evidence from a Survey of Finnish Enterprises," Discussion Papers 1157, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Kotiranta, Annu & Nikulainen, Tuomo & Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, 2008. "Firms and Consumers in the Financial Crisis - Effects, Reactions, and Outlooks," Discussion Papers 1158, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Kaitila, Ville & Nevalainen, Anni & Maliranta, Mika & Mankinen, Reijo, 2008. "Measuring Productivity - Finland in an International Comparison," Discussion Papers 1123, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  8. Ilmakunnas, Pekka & Johansson, Edvard & Maliranta, Mika, 2008. "Työolot ja tuottavuus - työpaikkavirtojen nosteessa vai puristuksessa?," Discussion Papers 1134, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Mika Maliranta & Satu Nurmi & Hanna Virtanen, 2008. "It takes three to tango in employment: Matching vocational education organisations, students and companies in labour market," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0022, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU).
  10. Maliranta, Mika, 2008. "Development of Competition and the Micro-Level," Discussion Papers 1150, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Maliranta, Mika & Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2008. "Labour Force Paths as Industry Linkages: A Perspective on Clusters and Industry Life Cycles," Discussion Papers 1168, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Alho, Kari E.O. & Kaitila, Ville & Widgrén, Mika, 2008. "Offshoring, Relocation and the Speed of Convergence in the Enlarged European Union," Discussion Papers 1156, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  13. Kaitila, Ville, 2008. "Marginal Intra Industry Trade Expansion and Productivity Growth," Discussion Papers 1164, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  14. Kari E. O. Alho & Ville Kaitila & Mika Widgrén, 2008. "Offshoring, Relocation and the Speed of Convergence: Convergence in the Enlarged European Union," Discussion Papers 41, Aboa Centre for Economics.
  15. Pajarinen, Mika & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2008. "Large Corporations in the Finnish Economy," Discussion Papers 1138, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  16. Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2008. "A Historical Perspective on Patents and Industry Growth in Finland - Connections and Lags," Discussion Papers 1159, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  17. Hyytinen, Ari & Takalo, Tuomas, 2008. "Consumer awareness and the use of payment media: evidence from young Finnish consumers," Research Discussion Papers 2/2008, Bank of Finland.
  18. Hermans, Rainen & Kulvik, Martti & Tahvanainen, Antti, 2008. "Biotekniikan ennakointi," Discussion Papers 1130, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  19. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi & Hermans, Raine, 2008. "Value Creation in the Interface of Industry and Academy - A Case Study of Intellectual Capital of Technology Transfer Offices At US Universities," Discussion Papers 1148, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  20. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi & Hermans, Raine, 2008. "Agglomeration and Specialisation Patterns of Finnish Biotechnology. On the Search for an Economic Rationale of a Dispersed Industry Structure," Discussion Papers 1133, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  21. Määttänen, Niku & Valkonen, Tarmo, 2008. "Ikääntyneiden varallisuus ja sen muuttaminen kulutukseksi," Discussion Papers 1141, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  22. Eerola, Essi & Määttänen, Niku, 2008. "On the importance of borrowing constraints for house price dynamics," Research Discussion Papers 8/2008, Bank of Finland.

2007

  1. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2007. "Family Businesses and Globalization in Finland," Discussion Papers 1080, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Kotiranta, Annu & Kovalainen, Anne & Rouvinen, Petri, 2007. "Does Female Leadership Boost Firm Profitability?," Discussion Papers 1110, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Maliranta, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, 2007. "Intangible Investment of Finnish Businesses in 2004: An Experiment with Micro-level Data," Discussion Papers 1109, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Määttänen, Niku & Maliranta, Mika, 2007. "Tax incentives for R&D and firm dynamics (in Finnish with English abstract and summary)," Discussion Papers 1065, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Ilmakunnas, Pekka & Maliranta, Mika, 2007. "Aging, Labor Turnover and Firm Performance," Discussion Papers 1092, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Maliranta, Mika & Asplund, Rita, 2007. "Training and Hiring Strategies to Improve Firm Performance," Discussion Papers 1105, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Maliranta, Mika & Nurmi, Satu & Virtanen, Hanna, 2007. "It Takes Three to Tango in Employment: Matching Vocational Education, Organizations and Students and Companies in Labour market," Discussion Papers 1111, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  8. Maliranta, Mika & Nurmi, Satu, 2007. "Does Foreign Presence Stimulate Creative Destruction in Local Markets," Discussion Papers 1114, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Kaitila, Ville, 2007. "Free Trade between the EU and Russia - Sectoral Effects and Impacts on Northwest Russia," Discussion Papers 1087, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  10. Kaitila, Ville, 2007. "Specialisation in Finnish Foreign Trade - Who Do We Compete With?," Discussion Papers 1083, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Kaitila, Ville, 2007. "Factor Intensity of Comparative Advantage in Industrialised Countries," Discussion Papers 1090, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Widgrén, Mika & Kotilainen, Markku & Nikula, Nuutti & Kaitila, Ville, 2007. "Opening Economy and Regional Development - Comparative Advantage and Agglomeration Forces as Location Factors in Finland," Discussion Papers 1113, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  13. Kaitila, Ville & Alho, Kari E. O. & Nikula, Nuutti, 2007. "Growth Prospects of Emerging Market Economies in Europe - How Fast Will They Catch up with the Old West?," Discussion Papers 1115, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  14. Palmberg, Christopher & Pajarinen, Mika & Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2007. "Transferring Science-based Technologies to Industry - Does Nanotechnology Make a Difference?," Discussion Papers 1064, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  15. Palmberg, Christopher, 2007. "Nanoteknologiastako seuraava yleiskäyttöinen teknologia? - Havaintoja Suomen näkökulmasta," Discussion Papers 1072, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  16. Palmberg, Christopher, 2007. "Modes, Challenges and Outcomes of Nanotechnology Transfer - A Comparative Analysis University and Company Researchers," Discussion Papers 1086, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  17. Tuomo Nikulainen, 2007. "What makes a gatekeeper? Insights from the Finnish nano-community," DRUID Working Papers 07-03, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  18. Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2007. "Identifying Nanotechnological Linkages in the Finnish Economy - An Explorative Study," Discussion Papers 1101, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  19. Ketokivi, Mikko & Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki, 2007. "Determinants of Manufacturing-R&D Co-location," Discussion Papers 1082, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  20. Määttänen, Niku & Poutvaara, Panu, 2007. "Should Old-Age Benefits Be Earnings-Tested?," IZA Discussion Papers 2616, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  21. Lassila, Jukka & Määttänen, Niku & Valkonen, Tarmo, 2007. "Vapaaehtoinen eläkesäästäminen tulevaisuudessa," Discussion Papers 1089, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2006

  1. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2006. "T&K:n verokannustimien mahdollisia vaikutuksia suomalaisten yrityskyselyjen valossa," Discussion Papers 1045, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2006. "Growth-orientation of nascent entrepreneurs (in Finnish with English summary)," Discussion Papers 1052, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Daveri, Francesco & Maliranta, Mika, 2006. "Age, Technology and Labour Costs," Discussion Papers 1010, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Hyytinen, Ari & Maliranta, Mika, 2006. "When Do Employees Leave Their Job for Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Linked Employer-Employee Data," Discussion Papers 1023, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Maliranta, Mika, 2006. "Impact of R&D on Productivity - Firm-level Evidence from Finland," Discussion Papers 1031, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Böckerman, Petri & Maliranta, Mika, 2006. "The Micro-level Dynamics of Regional Productivity Growth: The Source of Divergence in Finland Revised," Discussion Papers 1038, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Tomi Kyyrä & Mika Maliranta, 2006. "The Micro-Level Dynamics of Declining Labour Share: Lessons from the Finnish Great Leap," Discussion Papers 406, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
  8. Kyyrä, Tomi & Maliranta, Mika, 2006. "The Micro-level Dynamics of Declining Labour Share: Lessons from Finnish Great Leap," Discussion Papers 1049, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Kaitila, Ville, 2006. "Productivity, Hours Worked, and Tax/Benefit Systems in Europe and Beyond," Discussion Papers 1015, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  10. Kaitila, Ville & Mankinen, Reijo & Nikula, Nuutti, 2006. "Yksityisten palvelualojen kansainvälinen tuottavuusvertailu," Discussion Papers 1043, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Kaitila, Ville & Nikula, Nuutti & Karsai, Judit, 2006. "Finnish Firms Operating in the Czech, Slovak, Hungarian and Slovenian Markets," Discussion Papers 1061, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Palmberg, Christopher & Nikulainen, Tuomo, 2006. "Industrial Renewal and Growth through Nanotechnology ? - An Overview with Focus on Finland," Discussion Papers 1020, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  13. Palmberg, Christopher & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2006. "The Specificities of Finnish Industrial Policy - Challenges and Initiatives at the Turn of the Century," Discussion Papers 973, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  14. Di Minin, Alberto & Palmberg, Christopher, 2006. "A case for non-globalization? The organisation of r&d in the wireless telecommunications industry," Discussion Papers 1047, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  15. Pajarinen, Mika & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, 2006. "Omistajuus ja yritysten menestyminen: analyysia suomalaisella aineistolla," Discussion Papers 1007, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  16. Lindström, Maarit & Pajarinen, Mika, 2006. "The Use of Design in Finnish Manufacturing Firms," Discussion Papers 1017, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  17. Nikulainen, Tuomo & Hermans, Raine & Kulvik, Martti, 2006. "Patent citations indicating present value of the biotechnology business," Discussion Papers 1048, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  18. Hyytinen, Ari & Ruuskanen, Olli-Pekka, 2006. "What makes an entrepreneur independent? Evidence from time use survey," Discussion Papers 1029, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  19. Ketokivi, Mikko, 2006. "When Does Co-location of Manufacturing and R&D Matter?," Discussion Papers 1051, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  20. Alho, Juha & Määttänen, Niku, 2006. "Aggregate Mortality Risk and the Insurance Value of Annuities," Discussion Papers 1005, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  21. Määttänen, Niku, 2006. "Vapaaehtoiset eläkevakuutukset, verotus ja eläkkeelle siirtyminen," Discussion Papers 1018, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2005

  1. Mika Maliranta & Pekka Ilmakunnas, 2005. "Decomposing productivity and wage effects of intraestablishment labor restructuring," Labor and Demography 0511003, EconWPA.
  2. Maliranta, Mika, 2005. "Foreign-owned Firms and Productivity-enhancing Restructuring in Finnish Manufacturing Industries," Discussion Papers 965, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Alho, Kari E.O. & Kaitila, Ville & Widgrén, Mika, 2005. "Speed of Convergence and Relocation: New EU Member Countries Catching up with the Old," Discussion Papers 963, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Palmberg, Christopher & Pajarinen, Mika, 2005. "Determinants of Internationalisation through Strategic Alliances - Insights Based on New Data on Large Finnish Firms," Discussion Papers 966, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Nikulainen, Tuomo & Pajarinen, Mika & Palmberg, Christopher, 2005. "Patents and Technological Change - A Review with Focus on the FEPOCI Database," Discussion Papers 984, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Palmberg, Christopher & Pajarinen, Mika, 2005. "Alliance Capitalism and the Internationalisation of Finnish Firms," Discussion Papers 991, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2005. "Why Are All New Entrepreneurs Better Than Average? Evidence from Subjective Failure Rate Expectations," Discussion Papers 987, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  8. Gao, Maija & Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2005. "Demand for Mobile Internet: Evidence from a Real-World Pricing Experiment," Discussion Papers 964, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Ari Hyytinen & Pekka Ilmakunnas, 2005. "Geneses of labour market turnover: Job search and entrepreneurial aspirations on-the-job," Labor and Demography 0501003, EconWPA.
  10. Hermans, Raine & Kulvik, Martti & Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2005. "ETLA 2004 Survey on the Finnish Biotechnology Industry," Discussion Papers 978, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Eerola , Essi & Määttänen , Niku, 2005. "The optimal tax treatment of housing capital in the neoclassical growth model," Research Discussion Papers 10/2005, Bank of Finland.

2004

  1. Rouvinen, Petri, 2004. "Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony - Are Devoloping Countries Different?," Discussion Papers 901, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Rouvinen, Petri & Tsupari, Pekka, 2004. "Inter-firm Collaboration and Electronic Business: Effects on Profitability in Finalnd," Discussion Papers 895, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Maliranta, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, 2004. "Informational Mobility and Productivity - Finnish Evidence," Discussion Papers 919, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Maliranta, Mika & Nurmi, Satu, 2004. "Do Foreign Players Change the Nature of the Game Among Local Entrepreneurs?," Discussion Papers 942, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Maliranta, Mika & Nurmi, Satu, 2004. "Analyzing Entrepreneurship with the Finnish Linked Employer-Employee Data (FLEED).Matching and qualitative properties of the data," Discussion Papers 920, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Kaitila, Ville, 2004. "Integration and Conditional Convergence in the Enlarged EU Area," Discussion Papers 935, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Kaitila, Ville, 2004. "The Factor Intensity of Accession and EU15 Countries' Comparative Advantage in the Internal Market," Discussion Papers 925, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  8. Ville Kaitila, 2004. "Convergence of real GDP per capita in the EU15. How do the Accession Countries fit in?," Economics Working Papers 025, European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes.
  9. Palmberg, Christopher & Pajarinen, Mika, 2004. "The Global Dispersion of Innovative Activities - The Case of Finnish Multinationals," Discussion Papers 916, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  10. Palmberg, Christopher & Martikainen, Olli, 2004. "The Finnish Telecom Sector Facing Next Generation Standards - Indigenous Capabilities Versus R&D Alliances," Discussion Papers 949, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2004. "Is the Cost of Debt Capital Higher for Younger Firms?," Discussion Papers 946, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2004. "Does Patenting Increase the Probability of Being Acquired? Evidence from Cross-border and Domestic Acquisitions," Discussion Papers 891, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  13. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2004. "Opacity of Young Firms: Faith or Fact?," Discussion Papers 923, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  14. Kauhanen, Antti & Piekkola, Hannu, 2004. "What Makes Performance-related Pay Schemes Work? Finnish Evidence," Discussion Papers 929, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  15. Hyytinen, Ari & Takalo , Tuomas, 2004. "Multihoming in the market for payment media: evidence from young Finnish consumers," Research Discussion Papers 25/2004, Bank of Finland.
  16. Hyytinen, Ari & Takalo, Tuomas, 2004. "Investor Protection and Business Creation," Discussion Papers 889, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  17. Hyytinen, Ari & Ilmakunnas, Pekka, 2004. "Entrepreneurial Aspirations," Discussion Papers 890, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  18. Hyytinen, Ari & Väänänen, Lotta, 2004. "Mandatory Auditor Choice and Small Finance: Evidence from Finland," Discussion Papers 950, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  19. Hyytinen, Ari & Väänänen, Lotta, 2004. "Could Mr. and Mrs. Capital Market Imperfection Please Step Forward? An Empirical Analysis of Adverse Selection and Moral Hazard in Capital Markets," Discussion Papers 887, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  20. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2004. "Academic Spin-offs in Finnish Biotechnology," Discussion Papers 900, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  21. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi & Hermans, Raine, 2004. "Financial Pecking Order and the Value Platform of Intellectual Capital," Discussion Papers 926, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  22. Eerola, Essi & Määttänen, Niku, 2004. "On the Political Economy of Housings Tax Status," Discussion Papers 905, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  23. Eerola, Essi & Määttänen, Niku & Poutvaara, Panu, 2004. "Citizens Should Vote on Secession," Discussion Papers 939, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2003

  1. Maliranta, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, 2003. "Productivity Effects of ICT in Finnish Business," Discussion Papers 852, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Petri Böckerman & Mika Maliranta, 2003. "The micro-level dynamics of regional productivity growth: The source of divergence in Finland," ERSA conference papers ersa03p32, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Mika Maliranta, 2003. "Working Inflow, Outflow, and Churning," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 2003-611, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  4. Ilmakunnas, Pekka & Maliranta, Mika, 2003. "Worker Inflow, Outflow, and Churning," Discussion Papers 861, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Ilmakunnas, Pekka & Maliranta, Mika, 2003. "Technology, Labor Characteristic and Wage-productivity Gaps," Discussion Papers 860, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Kaitila, Ville, 2003. "An Assessment of RussiaŽs Growth Prospects in 2003 - 2010," Discussion Papers 869, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Kaitila, Ville, 2003. "Convergence of Real GDP per Capita in the EU15 area: How do the Accession Countries Fit in ?," Discussion Papers 865, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  8. Palmberg, Christopher & Martikainen, Olli, 2003. "Overcoming a Technological Discontinuity - The Case of the Finnish Telecom Industry and the GSM," Discussion Papers 855, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Palmberg, Christopher & Martikainen, Olli, 2003. "The Economics of Strategic R&D Alliances - A Review with Focus on the ICT Sector," Discussion Papers 881, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  10. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2003. "External Finance, Firm Growth and the Benefits of Information Disclosure: Evidence from Finland (Revised)," Discussion Papers 805, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2003. "Do Financial Constraints Hold Back Innovation and Growth? Evidence on the Role of Public Policy," Discussion Papers 820, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Xavier, CASTANER & Mikko, KETOKIVI, 2003. "Planning as an integrative device," Les Cahiers de Recherche 775, HEC Paris.
  13. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2003. "The Capital Structure of Finnish Biotechnology SMEs - An empirical analysisi," Discussion Papers 864, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  14. Eerola, Essi & Määttänen, Niku, 2003. "Strategic Alliances, Joint Investments, and Market Structure," Discussion Papers 871, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2002

  1. Rouvinen, Petri, 2002. "Competitiveness in the New Economy," Discussion Papers 786, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Maliranta, Mika, 2002. "From R&D to Productivity Through Micro-Level Restructuring," Discussion Papers 795, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Maliranta, Mika, 2002. "Factor Income Shares and Micro-Level Restructuring. An Analysis of Finnish Manufacturing," Discussion Papers 796, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Böckerman, Petri & Hämäläinen, Kari & Maliranta, Mika, 2002. "Sources of job and worker flows: Evidence from a panel of regions," MPRA Paper 4887, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Böckerman, Petri & Maliranta, Mika, 2002. "Regional Disparties in Gross Job and the Worker Flows in Finland," Discussion Papers 716, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Maliranta, Mika, 2002. "Plant Productivity in the Finnish Manufacturing. Characteristics of high productivity plants," Discussion Papers 612, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Ville Kaitila, 2002. "Accession Countries’ Comparative Advantage in the Internal," International Trade 0209001, EconWPA.
  8. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2002. "Financing of Technology-Intensive Small Business: Some Evidence on the Uniqueness of the ICT Industry," Discussion Papers 813, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2002. "Small Business Finance in Finland. A Descriptive Study," Discussion Papers 812, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  10. Pajarinen, Mika, 2002. "Foreign Firms and Their R&D in Finland," Discussion Papers 689, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Kauhanen, Antti & Piekkola, Hannu, 2002. "Rent Sharing as Part of Incentive Payments and Recruitment," Discussion Papers 793, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Kauhanen, Antti & Piekkola, Hannu, 2002. "Profit Sharing in Finland: Earnings and Productivity Effects," Discussion Papers 817, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  13. Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2002. "Does Distance Matter in Deposit Supply? A Banklevel Study," Discussion Papers 814, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  14. Hyytinen, Ari & Takalo, Tuomas, 2002. "Enchancing Bank Transparency : A Re-assessment," Discussion Papers 828, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  15. Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2002. "Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Venture Capital Industry (Revised)," Discussion Papers 768, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  16. Hyytinen, Ari & Väänänen, Lotta, 2002. "Government Funding of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Finland," Discussion Papers 832, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  17. Hyytinen, Ari, 2002. "Loan Market Equilibrium with Difference of Opinion and Imperfect Competition (Revised version)," Discussion Papers 748, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  18. Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2002. "Misuse and Non-use of Information Acquisition Technologies in Banking," Discussion Papers 823, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  19. Hyytinen, Ari & Kuosa, Iikka & Takalo, Tuomas, 2002. "Law of finance: Evidence from Finland," Research Discussion Papers 8/2002, Bank of Finland.
  20. Hermans, Raine & Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, 2002. "Ownership and Financial Structure of Biotechnology SMEs: Evidence from Finland," Discussion Papers 835, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2001

  1. Koski, Heli & Rouvinen, Petri & Yla-Anttila, Pekka, 2001. "ICT Clusters in Europe. The Great Central Banana and the Small Nordic Potato," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  2. Ilmakunnas, Pekka & Maliranta, Mika, 2001. "The Turnover of Jobs and Workers in a Deep Recession: Evidence from the Finnish Business Sector," Discussion Papers 747, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Maliranta, Mika, 2001. "Productivity Growth and Micro-level Restructuring. Finnish experiences during the turbulent decades," Discussion Papers 757, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Kaitila, Ville, 2001. "Accession Countries’ Comparative Advantage in the Internal Market: A Trade and Factor Analysis," BOFIT Discussion Papers 3/2001, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  5. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2001. "Financial Systems and Venture Capital in Nordic Countries: A comparative Study," Discussion Papers 774, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  6. Hyytinen, Ari & Takalo, Tuomas, 2001. "Preventing Systemic Crises through Bank Transparency," Discussion Papers 776, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Hyytinen, Ari & Liukkonen, Johanna, 2001. "Exiting Venture Capital Investments: Lessons from Finland," Discussion Papers 781, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  8. Hyytinen, Ari, 2001. "Information Production, Banking Competition and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry," Discussion Papers 749, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Hyytinen, Ari & Kuosa, Ilkka & Takalo, Tuomas, 2001. "Law or Finance: Evidence from Finland (Revised version 25.09.2002))," Discussion Papers 775, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2000

  1. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Mika Maliranta & Jari Vainiomaki, 2000. "The Roles of Employer and Employee Characteristics for Plant Productivity," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1349, Econometric Society.
  2. Ari Hyytinen & Otto Toivanen, 2000. "Monitoring and Market Power in Credit Markets," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1879, Econometric Society.
  3. Andersen, Atso & Snellman, Jussi & Hyytinen, Ari, 2000. "Recent Developments in the Finnish Banking Sector," Research Discussion Papers 15/2000, Bank of Finland.
  4. Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2000. "Monitoring and Market Power in Loan Markets," Research Discussion Papers 9/2000, Bank of Finland.

1999

  1. Rouvinen, Petri, 1999. "R&D Spillovers among Finnish Manufacturing Firms: A Cost Function Estimation with Random Coefficients," Discussion Papers 686, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Rouvinen, Petri, 1999. "Issues in R&D-Productivity. Causality, Lags, and 'Dry Holes'," Discussion Papers 694, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Rouvinen, Petri, 1999. "Characteristics of Product and Process Innovators among Finnish Manufacturing Firms," Discussion Papers 690, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  4. Kaitila, Ville & WidgrÉn, Mika, 1999. "Revealed Comparative Advantage in Trade between the European Union and the Baltic States," Discussion Papers 697, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  5. Kaitila, Ville, 1999. "Trade and Revealed Comparative Advantage: Hungary, the Czech Republic, and the European Union," BOFIT Discussion Papers 8/1999, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  6. Hyytinen, Ari, 1999. "Stock Return Volatility on Scandinavian Stock Markets and the Banking Industry," Research Discussion Papers 19/1999, Bank of Finland.

1998

  1. Maliranta, Mika, 1998. "Factors of Productivity Performance by Plant Generation:Some findings from Finnish manufacturing," Discussion Papers 634, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

1997

  1. Maliranta, Mika, 1997. "The Determinants of Aggregate Productivity.The evolutionof microstructure and productivity within plants in Finnish manufacturing from1975 to 1994," Discussion Papers 603, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

1996

  1. Pajarinen, Mika, 1996. "On Possibilities to Construct a Model for Trade Flows and Factors of Production Movements between the EU and Eastern Europe," Discussion Papers 576, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

1993

  1. Rouvinen, Petri, 1993. "Data-guide to OECD Exports," Discussion Papers 426, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

Undated

  1. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, . "Verkostoitumisen yhteys yritysten kannattavuuteen ja kasvuun: empiirisiä havaintoja," Discussion Papers 1118, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, . "Computerization Threatens One Third of Finnish Employment," ETLA Brief 22, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

Journal articles

2013

  1. Petri Böckerman & Mika Maliranta, 2013. "Outsourcing, Occupational Restructuring, and Employee Well-Being: Is There a Silver Lining?," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(4), pages 878-914, October.
  2. Hyytinen, Ari & Maliranta, Mika, 2013. "Firm lifecycles and evolution of industry productivity," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(5), pages 1080-1098.
  3. Heli Koski & Mika Pajarinen, 2013. "The role of business subsidies in job creation of start-ups, gazelles and incumbents," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 195-214, June.
  4. Essi Eerola & Niku Määttänen, 2013. "The Optimal Tax Treatment of Housing Capital in the Neoclassical Growth Model," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 15(6), pages 912-938, December.

2012

  1. Petri Böckerman & Mika Maliranta, 2012. "Globalization, creative destruction, and labour share change: evidence on the determinants and mechanisms from longitudinal plant-level data," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(2), pages 259-280, April.
  2. Tuomo Nikulainen, 2012. "R&D Collaboration And Nanotechnology — An Opportunity For Traditional Industries," International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 9(03), pages 1250023-1-1.
  3. Derek C. Jones & Panu Kalmi & Antti Kauhanen, 2012. "The effects of general and firm-specific training on wages and performance: evidence from banking," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(1), pages 151-175, January.
  4. Antti Kauhanen & Sami Napari, 2012. "Performance Measurement and Incentive Plans," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 645-669, 07.
  5. Petri Böckerman & Edvard Johansson & Antti Kauhanen, 2012. "Innovative work practices and sickness absence: what does a nationally representative employee survey tell?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(3), pages 587-613, June.
  6. Eerola Essi & Määttänen Niku, 2012. "Borrowing Constraints and House Price Dynamics: The Case of Large Shocks," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(3), pages 1-36, September.

2011

  1. Jyrki Ali-Yrkkö & Petri Rouvinen & Timo Seppälä & Pekka Ylä-Anttila, 2011. "Who Captures Value in Global Supply Chains? Case Nokia N95 Smartphone," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 263-278, September.
  2. Dan Breznitz & Martin Kenney & Petri Rouvinen & John Zysman & Pekka Ylä-Anttila, 2011. "Value Capture and Policy Design in a Digital Economy," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 203-207, September.
  3. Sauramo, Pekka & Maliranta, Mika, 2011. "Structural change in Finnish manufacturing: The theory of the aggregation of production functions and an empirical analysis with a plant-level panel," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 116-134, June.
  4. Jones, Derek C. & Kalmi, Panu & Kauhanen, Antti, 2011. "Firm and employee effects of an enterprise information system: Micro-econometric evidence," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(2), pages 159-168, April.
  5. Antti Kauhanen, 2011. "The Perils of Altering Incentive Plans: A Case Study," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(6), pages 371-384, 09.

2010

  1. Mika Maliranta & Petri Rouvinen & Pekka Ylä-Anttila, 2010. "Finland’s Path to the Global Productivity Frontier through Creative Destruction," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 20, pages 68-84, Fall.
  2. Mika Maliranta & Satu Nurmi & Hanna Virtanen, 2010. "Resources in vocational education and post-schooling outcomes," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(5), pages 520-544, September.
  3. Mika Maliranta, 2010. "Economic Prosperity Recaptured: The Finnish Path from Crisis to Rapid Growth - By Seppo Honkapohja, Erkki Koskela, Willi Leibfritz, and Roope Uusitalo," Review of Policy Research, Policy Studies Organization, vol. 27(6), pages 823-824, November.
  4. Kauhanen, Antti & Roponen, Satu, 2010. "Productivity dispersion: A case study," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 97-100, June.
  5. Derek C. Jones & Panu Kalmi & Antti Kauhanen, 2010. "Teams, Incentive Pay, and Productive Efficiency: Evidence From A Food-Processing Plant," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 63(4), pages 606-626, July.

2009

  1. Petri Rouvinen & Rikard Stankiewicz, 2009. "Are Intellectual Property Rights Hindering Technological Advance? The Need for Technological Commons -super-1," Review of Policy Research, Policy Studies Organization, vol. 26(1-2), pages 195-217, 01.
  2. Mika Maliranta & Pierre Mohnen & Petri Rouvinen, 2009. "Is inter-firm labor mobility a channel of knowledge spillovers? Evidence from a linked employer--employee panel," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(6), pages 1161-1191, December.
  3. Stephen S. Cohen & Alberto Di Minin & Yasuyuki Motoyama & Christopher Palmberg, 2009. "The Persistence of Home Bias for Important R&D in Wireless Telecom and Automobiles," Review of Policy Research, Policy Studies Organization, vol. 26(1-2), pages 55-76, 01.
  4. Hyytinen Ari & Takalo Tuomas, 2009. "Consumer Awareness and the Use of Payment Media: Evidence from Young Finnish Consumers," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 8(2), pages 1-25, June.
  5. Mikko Ketokivi & Jyrki Ali-Yrkkö, 2009. "Unbundling R&D and Manufacturing: Postindustrial Myth or Economic Reality?," Review of Policy Research, Policy Studies Organization, vol. 26(1-2), pages 35-54, 01.

2008

  1. Hyytinen, Ari & Rouvinen, Petri, 2008. "The labour market consequences of self-employment spells: European evidence," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 246-271, April.
  2. Ari Hyytinen & Mika Maliranta, 2008. "When Do Employees Leave Their Job for Entrepreneurship?," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 110(1), pages 1-21, 03.
  3. Tomi Kyyrä & Mika Maliranta, 2008. "The micro-level dynamics of declining labour share: lessons from the Finnish great leap ," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(6), pages 1147-1172, December.
  4. Christopher Palmberg, 2008. "The transfer and commercialisation of nanotechnology: a comparative analysis of university and company researchers," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 33(6), pages 631-652, December.
  5. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2008. "Opacity of young businesses: Evidence from rating disagreements," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1234-1241, July.
  6. Tuomo Nikulainen & Raine Hermans & Martti Kulvik, 2008. "Patent Citations Indicating Present Value Of The Biotechnology Business," International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 5(03), pages 279-301.
  7. Hyytinen, Ari & Takalo, Tuomas, 2008. "Investor protection and business creation," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 113-122, June.

2007

  1. Francesco Daveri & Mika Maliranta, 2007. "Age, seniority and labour costs: lessons from the Finnish IT revolution," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 22, pages 117-175, 01.
  2. Bockerman, Petri & Maliranta, Mika, 2007. "The micro-level dynamics of regional productivity growth: The source of divergence in Finland," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 165-182, March.
  3. Pekka Ylä-Anttila & Christopher Palmberg, 2007. "Economic and Industrial Policy Transformations in Finland," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 169-187, December.
  4. Ari Hyytinen & Mika Pajarinen, 2007. "Is The Cost Of Debt Capital Higher For Younger Firms?," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 54(1), pages 55-71, 02.
  5. Ari Hyytinen & Olli-Pekka Ruuskanen, 2007. "Time Use of the Self-Employed," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(1), pages 105-122, 02.
  6. Ari Hyytinen & Pekka Ilmakunnas, 2007. "What distinguishes a serial entrepreneur?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(5), pages 793-821, October.
  7. Ari Hyytinen & Pekka Ilmakunnas, 2007. "Entrepreneurial Aspirations: Another Form of Job Search?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 63-80, June.

2006

  1. Mika Maliranta & Petri Rouvinen, 2006. "Informational mobility and productivity: Finnish evidence," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(6), pages 605-616.
  2. Rouvinen, Petri, 2006. "Diffusion of digital mobile telephony: Are developing countries different?," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 46-63, February.
  3. Antti Kauhanen & Hannu Piekkola, 2006. "What Makes Performance-Related Pay Schemes Work? Finnish Evidence," Journal of Management and Governance, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 149-177, 05.
  4. Derek C. Jones & Panu Kalmi & Antti Kauhanen, 2006. "Human Resource Management Policies and Productivity: New Evidence from An Econometric Case Study," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 22(4), pages 526-538, Winter.
  5. Ari Hyytinen & Lotta Väänänen, 2006. "Where Do Financial Constraints Originate from? An Empirical Analysis of Adverse Selection and Moral Hazard in Capital Markets," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 27(4), pages 323-348, December.
  6. Eerola Essi & Määttänen Niku, 2006. "On the Political Economy of Housing's Tax Status," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(2), pages 1-32, September.

2005

  1. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Mika Maliranta & Jari Vainiomaki, 2005. "Worker turnover and productivity growth," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(7), pages 395-398.
  2. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Mika Maliranta, 2005. "Worker inflow, outflow, and churning," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(10), pages 1115-1133.
  3. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Mika Maliranta, 2005. "Technology, Labour Characteristics and Wage-productivity Gaps," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 67(5), pages 623-645, October.
  4. Mika Maliranta, 2005. "R&D, International Trade and Creative Destruction—Empirical Findings from Finnish Manufacturing Industries," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 27-58, January.
  5. Ari Hyytinen & Mika Pajarinen, 2005. "External Finance, Firm Growth and the Benefits of Information Disclosure: Evidence from Finland," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 69-93, January.
  6. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika, 2005. "Financing of technology-intensive small businesses: some evidence on the uniqueness of the ICT sector," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 115-132, January.
  7. Jyrki Ali-Yrkko & Ari Hyytinen & Mika Pajarinen, 2005. "Does patenting increase the probability of being acquired? Evidence from cross-border and domestic acquisitions," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(14), pages 1007-1017.
  8. Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2005. "Do financial constraints hold back innovation and growth?: Evidence on the role of public policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1385-1403, November.

2004

  1. Petri Rouvinen, 2004. "Is Technology Policy Practised as It Is Preached," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 17(2), pages 51-62, Autumn.
  2. Petri Böckerman & Kari Hämäläinen & Mika Maliranta, 2004. "Sources of Job and Worker Flows: Evidence from a Panel of Regions," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 18(1), pages 105-129, 03.
  3. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Mika Maliranta, 2004. "Hiring from unemployment and separation to unemployment," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(2), pages 91-95.
  4. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Mika Maliranta & Jari Vainiomäki, 2004. "The Roles of Employer and Employee Characteristics for Plant Productivity," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 249-276, May.
  5. Christopher Palmberg, 2004. "The sources of innovations - looking beyond technological opportunities," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 183-197.
  6. Ari Hyytinen & Tuomas Takalo, 2004. "Preventing Systemic Crises through Bank Transparency," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 33(2), pages 257-273, 07.
  7. Hyytinen, Ari & Toivanen, Otto, 2004. "Monitoring and market power in credit markets," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 269-288, February.
  8. Hyytinen Ari & Toivanen Otto, 2004. "Vertical Differentiation, Asymmetric Information and Endogenous Bank Screening," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 4(1), pages 1-20, June.
  9. Eerola, Essi & Maattanen, Niku, 2004. "Strategic alliances, joint investments, and market structure," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 241-251, February.
  10. Eerola Essi & Määttänen Niku & Poutvaara Panu, 2004. "Citizens Should Vote on Secession," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 4(1), pages 1-22, October.

2003

  1. Hyytinen, Ari, 2003. "Information production and lending market competition," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 233-253.
  2. Hyytinen, Ari, 2003. "Loan market equilibrium with difference of opinion and imperfect competition," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 125-129, January.
  3. Ari Hyytinen & Iikka Kuosa & Tuomas Takalo, 2003. "Law or Finance: Evidence from Finland," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 59-89, July.
  4. Ari Hyytinen & Otto Toivanen, 2003. "Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Venture Capital Industry," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 241-249, June.

2002

  1. Petri Rouvinen, 2002. "R&D-Productivity Dynamics: Causality, Lags, and "Dry Holes"," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 123-156, May.
  2. Koski, H. & Rouvinen, P. & Yla-Anttila, P., 2002. "ICT clusters in Europe The great central banana and the small Nordic potato," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 145-165, June.
  3. Petri Rouvinen, 2002. "The existence of R&D spillovers: A cost function estimation with random coefficients," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(6), pages 525-541.
  4. Petri Rouvinen, 2002. "Characteristics of product and process innovators: some evidence from the Finnish innovation survey," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(9), pages 575-580.
  5. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Mika Maliranta, 2002. "Labour characteristics and wage-productivity gaps," New Zealand Economic Papers, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 73-74.

2001

  1. Petri Böckerman & Mika Maliranta, 2001. "Regional disparities in gross job and worker flows in Finland," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 14(2), pages 84-103, Autumn.

Books

Undated material is listed at the end

Undated

  1. Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka, . "Small Country Strategies in Global Competition. Benchmarking the Finnish Case," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 144.
  2. Hernesniemi, Hannu & Lammi, Markku & Ylä-Anttila, Pekka & Rouvinen, Petri (ed.), . "Advantage Finland. - The Future of Finnish Industries," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 113.
  3. Maliranta, Mika, . "Micro Level Dynamics of Productivity Growth. An Empirical Analysis of the Great Leap in Finnish Manufacturing Productivity in 1975-2000," ETLA A, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 38.
  4. Kotilainen, Markku & Kaitila, Ville & Nikula, Nuutti & Suni, Paavo, . "Economic Relations between Finland and the United States," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 239.
  5. Kaitila, Ville, . "Fiscal Policy Co-ordination, Imperfect Labour Markets, and Monetary Union," ETLA C, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 80, December.
  6. Kotilainen, Markku & Kaitila, Ville, . "Economic Globalisation in Developing Countries - The Cases of Nepal and Tanzania," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 191.
  7. Kotilainen, Markku & Kaitila, Ville & Widgrén, Mika & Alho, Kari, . "Prospects of Economic Relations Between Finland and Russia (in Finnish with English abstract and summary)," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 205.
  8. Hyytinen, Ari & Pajarinen, Mika (ed.), . "Financial Systems and Firm Performance. Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 200.
  9. Palmberg, Christopher & Nikulainen, Tuomo, . "Nanotechnology and industrial renewal in Finland - A synthesis of key findings," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 234.
  10. Nikulainen, Tuomo, . "Studies on the Diffusion of New Science-based Technologies," ETLA A, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 45.
  11. Kauhanen, Antti & Napari, Sami, . "Careers in Finland - Does Gender Matter? A Study on White-collar Employees in Manufacturing 1981-2006," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 238.
  12. Tahvanainen, Antti-Jussi, . "Diagnosing the Growing Pains of a Technology-based Industry. An Examination of the Finnish Biotechnology Industry in Light of Empirical Economics," ETLA A, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 47.
  13. Valkonen, Tarmo & Määttänen, Niku, . "Wealth and retirement," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 243.

Chapters

2011

  1. Jyrki Ali-Yrkkö & Petri Rouvinen & Pekka Ylä-Anttila, 2011. "The Nordic Model and the Challenge from Global Chains," Chapters, in: Global Value Chains: Impact and Implications. Trade Policy Research 2011 (ed. Aaron Sydor), pages 367-384 The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

2009

  1. Dan Breznitz & Mikko Ketokivi & Petri Rouvinen, 2009. "Demand- and User-Driven Innovation," Chapters, in: The Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System, pages 71-102 The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  2. Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano & Aki Kangasharju & Mika Maliranta, 2009. "Local Innovative Activity and Regional Productivity: Implications for the Finnish National Innovation Policy," Chapters, in: The Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System, pages 203-238 The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Gordon Murray & Ari Hyytinen & Markku Maula, 2009. "Growth Entrepreneurship and Finance," Chapters, in: The Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System, pages 147-202 The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.