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The Productivity Effects of Human Resource Management Practices: Evidence from New Japanese Panel Data

Author

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  • Takao Kato

    (The Jerome Levy Economics Institute)

  • Motohiro Morishima

    (The Jerome Levy Economics Institute)

Abstract

This paper uses new Japanese panel data to estimate the impact of various human resource management practices (HRMP's) on productivity efficiency. These include information sharing devices, such as joint labor-management committees (JLMC's) and non-union employee associations (NUEA's), and financial participation schemes, such as profit sharing plans (PSP's) and employee stock ownership plans (ESOP's). By merging data from a new survey concerning HRMP's among publicly-held Japanese firms with two other public data resources, we create for the first time a enterprise-level panel data set for Japanese firms that provides information annually for 1970-85 on both information sharing and financial participation. The data are then used to estimate translog production functions augmented by variables to capture the effects of information sharing and financial participation. The estimations yield the first econometric evidence on the productivity effects of diverse HRMP's in Japan. The key findings include: (i) there are significant productivity-enhancing effects for JLMC's, NUEA's, PSP's and ESOP's; (ii) these productivity gains will change as HRMP's age. For instance, the introduction of a JLMC boosts productivity initially by 9 percent annually. The productivity gains rise over time and reach their highest point (11 percent) 23 years after the introduction of the JLMC. After their highest point, the productivity gains gradually diminish and eventually call for the implementation of a new innovation in information sharing; (iii) there is a significant complementarity between information sharing and PSP's; and (iv) the favorable productivity effects of information sharing are reinforced by the presence of formal trade unions, pointing to a complementarity between information sharing and unions.

Suggested Citation

  • Takao Kato & Motohiro Morishima, 1998. "The Productivity Effects of Human Resource Management Practices: Evidence from New Japanese Panel Data," Macroeconomics 9812003, EconWPA, revised 08 Dec 1998.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:9812003
    Note: Type of Document - Acrobat PDF; prepared on IBM PC; to print on PostScript; pages: 41; figures: included
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Takao Kato, "undated". "Cooperate to Compete, Employee Participation and Productivity: Evidence from a New Survey of Japanese Firms," Economics Public Policy Brief Archive ppb_19, Levy Economics Institute.
    2. Uwe Jirjahn & Jens Mohrenweiser & Uschi Backes‐Gellner, 2011. "Works Councils and Learning: On the Dynamic Dimension of Codetermination," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(3), pages 427-447, August.
    3. Derek C. Jones & Takao Kato, 2011. "The Impact of Teams on Output, Quality, and Downtime: An Empirical Analysis Using Individual Panel Data," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 64(2), pages 215-240, January.
    4. Kambayashi, Ryo & Kato, Takao, 2012. "Good Jobs, Bad Jobs, and the Great Recession: Lessons from Japan's Lost Decade," IZA Discussion Papers 6666, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Arando, Saioa & Gago, Monica & Jones, Derek C. & Kato, Takao, 2011. "Efficiency in Employee-Owned Enterprises: An Econometric Case Study of Mondragon," IZA Discussion Papers 5711, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Takao Kato, 2003. "The Recent Transformation of Participatory Employment Practices in Japan," NBER Chapters,in: Labor Markets and Firm Benefit Policies in Japan and the United States, pages 39-80 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Dostie Benoit & Jayaraman Rajshri, 2012. "Organizational Redesign, Information Technologies and Workplace Productivity," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 12(1), pages 1-41, February.
    8. Artz, Georgeanne M. & Kim, Younjun, 2011. "Business Ownership by Workers: Are Worker Cooperatives a Viable Option?," Staff General Research Papers Archive 34575, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    9. Takao Kato & Ju HO Lee & Kang-sung Lee & Jang-soo Ryu, 2005. "Employee participation and involvement in korea: evidence from a new survey and field research," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(2), pages 251-281.
    10. Morris M. Kleiner & Richard B. Freeman, 2000. "Who Benefits Most from Employee Involvement: Firms or Workers?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 219-223, May.
    11. Annalisa Cristini & Alessandro Gaj & Riccardo Leoni, 2008. "Direct and Indirect Complementarity between Workplace Reorganization and New Technology," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 98(2), pages 87-117, March-Apr.
    12. Jed Devaro & Fidan Ana Kurtulus, 2011. "What types of organizations benefit from teams, and how do they benefit?," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2011-16, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
    13. Hiroyuki Chuma & Takao Kato & Isao Ohashi, 2004. "What Japanese Workers Want: Evidence from the Japanese Worker Representation and Participation Survey," Discussion papers 04019, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    14. Tushar Kanti Nandi, 2006. "Employee Participation and Wages: An Empirical Investigation with Selectivity Correction," Department of Economics University of Siena 483, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
    15. Hori, Kazumi, 2006. "The Bright Side of Private Benefits," Discussion Papers 2006-01, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    16. Heywood, John S. & Jirjahn, Uwe & Wei, Xiangdong, 2008. "Teamwork, monitoring and absence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 68(3-4), pages 676-690, December.
    17. Dalton, P.S. & Gonzalez Jimenez, V.H. & Noussair, Charles, 2016. "Self-Chosen Goals : Incentives and Gender Differences (revision of 2015-021)," Discussion Paper 2016-036, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    18. Koski, Heli & Marengo, Luigi & Mäkinen, Iiro, 2009. "Managerial Practices, Performance and Innovativeness: Some Evidence from Finnish Manufacturing," Discussion Papers 1176, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    19. Chiaki Moriguchi, 2003. "Did American Welfare Capitalists Breach their Implicit Contracts? Preliminary Findings from Company-level Data, 1920-1940," NBER Working Papers 9868, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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