Incentives? The effect of profit sharing plans offered by previous employers on current wages
In this paper, I investigate the relationship between wages and the use of profit sharing plans by both current and past employers. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, I find that when I control for the number of years on profit sharing plans prior to the current job, the wage effect of those previous plans is both economically and statistically significant while the wage effect of current plans is markedly reduced, if not completely eliminated. This result sheds doubt on a simple incentive-for-effort explanation for the wage/productivity impact previously measured and suggests that an alternative mechanism based on skill acquisition is likely to play a role. Dans cette étude, j'examine le lien entre la rémunération versée aux travailleurs et l'utilisation de programmes de partage de profits («profit sharing») par l'employeur actuel ainsi que les employeurs précédents. Avec des données du National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, je trouve que l'effet des programmes de partage de profits dont ont bénéficié les travailleurs dans leurs emplois antérieurs à leur emploi actuel est économiquement et statistiquement significatif. De fait, tenir compte de ces programmes dans une équation de gains standard réduit de façon très substantielle ou même totalement l'effet de programmes similaires offerts par l'employeur actuel. Ce dernier résultat laisse planer un doute sérieux sur une explication standard (quoique problématique) donnée pour justifier l'existence de l'effet positif des programmes de partage de profits, à savoir un effet incitatif à l'effort. Les résultats sont davantage cohérents avec le fait que les travailleurs bénéficiant de tels programmes acquièrent des habiletés transférables d'un employeur à un autre.
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