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Who Captures Value in Global Supply Chains? Case Nokia N95 Smartphone

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  • Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki
  • Rouvinen, Petri
  • Seppälä, Timo
  • Ylä-Anttila, Pekka

Abstract

Available statistics tell us little about the economic consequences of increasing global dispersion of production processes. In order to shed light on the issue, we perform grass roots detective work to uncover the geography of value added in the case of a Nokia N95 smartphone circa 2007. The phone was assembled in Finland and China. In the case when the device was assembled and sold in Europe, the value-added share of Europe (EU-27) rose to 68%. Even in the case when it was assembled in China and sold in the United States, Europe captured as much as 51% of the value added, despite of the fact that it had little role in supplying the physical components. Our analysis illustrates that international trade statistics can be misleading; the capture of value added is largely detached from the physical goods flows. It is rather services and other intangible aspects of the supply chain that dominate. While final assembly – commanding 2% of the value added in our case – has increasingly moved offshore, the developed countries continue to capture most of the value added gener-ated by global supply chains.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy in its series Discussion Papers with number 1240.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rif:dpaper:1240

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Keywords: global supply chains; international trade; value capture;

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References

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  1. Hall, Bronwyn H., 2009. "The financing of innovative firms," EIB Papers 8/2009, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  2. Inklaar, Robert & Timmer, Marcel P., 2008. "GGDC Productivity Level Database: International Comparisons of Output, Inputs and Productivity at the Industry Level," GGDC Research Memorandum GD-104, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen.
  3. Gene M. Grossman & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2006. "Trading Tasks: A Simple Theory of Offshoring," NBER Working Papers 12721, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Henri CAPRON & Michele CINCERA, 1998. "Exploring the Spillover Impact on Productivity of World-Wide Manufacturing Firms," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 49-50, pages 565-587.
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Cited by:
  1. Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins & Siroën, Jean-Marc & Yucer, Ayçil, 2013. "Internal and International Vertical Specialization– Estimations For Brazil and new Approach to Gravity Models," MPRA Paper 46897, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Petri Böckerman & Mika Maliranta, 2013. "Outsourcing, Occupational Restructuring, and Employee Well-Being: Is There a Silver Lining?," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(4), pages 878-914, October.
  3. Korkeamäki, Timo & Takalo, Tuomas, 2010. "Valuation of innovation: The case of iPhone," MPRA Paper 28042, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Yücer, Aycil & Siroën, Jean-Marc & GUILHOTO, Joaquim, 2013. "Internal and International Vertical Specialization of Brazilian states– An Input-Output analysis," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/11720, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Martin Borowiecki & Bernhard Dachs & Doris Hanzl-Weiss & Steffen Kinkel & Johannes Pöschl & Magdolna Sass & Thomas Christian Schmall & Robert Stehrer & Andrea Szalavetz, 2012. "Global Value Chains and the EU Industry," wiiw Research Reports 383, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  6. Joonkoo Lee & Gary Gereffi, 2013. "The co-evolution of concentration in mobile phone global value chains and its impact on social upgrading in developing countries," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series ctg-2013-25, BWPI, The University of Manchester.
  7. Dan Breznitz & Martin Kenney & Petri Rouvinen & John Zysman & Pekka Ylä-Anttila, 2011. "Value Capture and Policy Design in a Digital Economy," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 203-207, September.
  8. Szalavetz, Andrea, 2012. "Az immateriális beruházások és a nem közvetlenül a termelésben foglalkoztatottak szerepe a gazdasági felzárkózásban
    [The role intangible investments and non-production workers play in ec
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 1187-1206.
  9. Hurmekoski, Elias & Hetemäki, Lauri, 2013. "Studying the future of the forest sector: Review and implications for long-term outlook studies," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 17-29.
  10. Kalm, Matias & Seppälä, Timo & Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki, 2014. "Who Captures Value in Digital Services?," ETLA Brief 27, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  11. Kaitila, Ville & Virkola, Tuomo, 2014. "Openness, Specialisation and Vulnerability of the Nordic Countries," ETLA Reports 21, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Rouvinen, Petri, 2013. "Implications of Value Creation and Capture in Global Value Chains - Lessons from 39 Grassroots Cases," ETLA Reports 16, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  13. Leonhard Plank & Cornelia Staritz, 2013. "‘Precarious upgrading’ in electronics global production networks in Central and Eastern Europe: the cases of Hungary and Romania," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series ctg-2013-31, BWPI, The University of Manchester.

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