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Intergenerational Transmission of Disadvantage: Mobility or Immobility Across Generations?

  • Anna Christina D'Addio

This report surveys the research in OECD countries on intergenerational mobility – i.e. the extent to which key characteristics and life experiences of individuals differ from those of their parents. A number of findings emerge: Intergenerational earnings mobility varies significantly across countries; Education is a major contributor to intergenerational income mobility and educational differences tend to persist across generations; Evidence of intergenerational immobility extends to other outcomes; Early and sustained investment in children and families can help. Ce rapport examine la recherche consacrée à la mobilité entre générations dans des pays de l'OCDE – autrement dit, la mesure dans laquelle les caractéristiques clés et les expériences principales de la vie des individus diffèrent de celles de leurs parents. Un certain nombre de résultats émergent : la mobilité entre générations en termes de revenus varie de manière significative d’un pays à l’autre; l'éducation est un composant essentiel de la mobilité intergénérationnelle en termes de revenus et les différences éducatives tendent à persister à travers les générations; l'immobilité entre générations s'étend à d'autres domaines; des investissements soutenus qui interviennent tôt dans la vie des enfants et de leurs familles peuvent aider à combattre l'immobilité intergénérationnelle.

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