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Borrowing Constraints, College Aid, and Intergenerational Mobility

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  • Hanushek, Eric
  • Leung, Charles Ka Yui
  • Yilmaz, Kuzey

Abstract

This paper provides a consistent comparison of general tuition subsidies, need-based student aid, merit-based student aid, and income continent loans (ICL). Each of these policies is analyzed through a dynamic general equilibrium model in which individuals differ in family wealth and opportunities of completing college. The overlapping generation structure of the model permits evaluation of different aid schemes in their implications on the aggregate outcomes, income distribution and intergenerational mobility. Compared to current U.S. tuition and loan policies, the ICL and need-based policies are most effective in promoting the aggregate efficiency and income equality, while merit-based policies are least effective.

Suggested Citation

  • Hanushek, Eric & Leung, Charles Ka Yui & Yilmaz, Kuzey, 2014. "Borrowing Constraints, College Aid, and Intergenerational Mobility," MPRA Paper 54238, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:54238
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    Cited by:

    1. Soares, Jorge, 2015. "Borrowing constraints, parental altruism and welfare," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 1-20.
    2. Laura Romero, 2005. "On the role of borrowing constraints in public and private universities' choices," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 9(6), pages 1-8.
    3. Lochner, Lance & Monge-Naranjo, Alexander, 2014. "Student Loans and Repayment: Theory, Evidence and Policy," Working Papers 2014-40, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 12 Nov 2014.
    4. Chapman, Bruce, 2006. "Income Contingent Loans for Higher Education: International Reforms," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.
    5. Alessandro Cigno & Annalisa Luporini, 2009. "Scholarships or Student Loans? Subsidizing Higher Education in the Presence of Moral Hazard," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 11(1), pages 55-87, February.
    6. Cunha, Flavio & Heckman, James J. & Lochner, Lance, 2006. "Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.
    7. Miles Corak, 2017. "Divided Landscapes of Economic Opportunity: The Canadian Geography of Intergenerational Income Mobility," Working Papers 2017-043, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
    8. Christoph Winter, 2014. "Accounting for the Changing Role of Family Income in Determining College Entry," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 116(4), pages 909-963, October.
    9. Robert J. Gary-Bobo & Alain Trannoy, 2015. "Optimal student loans and graduate tax under moral hazard and adverse selection," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 46(3), pages 546-576, September.
    10. Blankenau, William F. & Gao, Yuan, 2014. "Admission standards, student effort, and the creation of skilled jobs," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 209-216.
    11. Charles Ka Yui Leung & Nan-Kuang Chen, 2006. "Intrinsic Cycles of Land Price: A Simple Model," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 28(3), pages 293-320.
    12. Kuzey Yilmaz, 2014. "On the Importance of Fertility Behavior in School Finance Policy Design," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1403, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
    13. Friedline, Terri & Elliott, William & Chowa, Gina A.N., 2013. "Testing an asset-building approach for young people: Early access to savings predicts later savings," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 31-51.
    14. CharlesKaYui Leung & Nan-Kuang Chen, 2010. "Stock Price Volatility, Negative Autocorrelation And The Consumption-Wealth Ratio: The Case Of Constant Fundamentals," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(2), pages 224-245, May.
    15. Beladi, Hamid & Sinha, Chaitali & Kar, Saibal, 2016. "To educate or not to educate: Impact of public policies in developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 94-101.
    16. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:9:y:2005:i:6:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Hanushek, Eric A. & Leung, Charles Ka Yui & Yilmaz, Kuzey, 2003. "Redistribution through education and other transfer mechanisms," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(8), pages 1719-1750, November.
    18. repec:eee:jmacro:v:56:y:2018:i:c:p:188-203 is not listed on IDEAS
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    20. Helu Jiang, 2018. "Cohabitation, Marriage, and Fertility: Divergent Patterns for Different Education Groups," 2018 Meeting Papers 1268, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    21. Elliott, William & Friedline, Terri, 2013. "“You pay your share, we’ll pay our share”: The college cost burden and the role of race, income, and college assets," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 134-153.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    need-based student aid; merit-based student aid; income contingent loan; efficiency-equality tradeoff; intergenerational mobility;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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