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Movilidad Intergeneracional del Ingreso en Argentina. Un Análisis de sus Cambios Temporales desde el Enfoque de Igualdad de Oportunidades

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  • Maribel Jiménez

    (Instituto de Estudios Laborales y del Desarrollo Económico (IELDE) - Universidad Nacional de Salta (UNSa).)

Abstract

El principal objetivo de esta investigación es estimar y analizar los cambios temporales en la movilidad del ingreso entre generaciones en Argentina. Para esto se considera el concepto de igualdad de oportunidades que ofrece un enfoque natural para evaluar los procesos de movilidad intergeneracional (MI). En este contexto, la importancia de la existencia de movilidad intergeneracional de ingresos no radica en que los movimientos de ingresos entre padres e hijos sean intrínsecamente valiosos sino que se espera ayuden a disminuir los efectos negativos de las disparidades de dotaciones iniciales en los ingresos futuros o esperados. Como no existen encuestas con información de largo plazo sobre el ingreso de padres e hijos en Argentina, la estrategia empírica implementada consiste en utilizar información de dos muestras separadas a fin de predecir el ingreso de los padres en el pasado. Las principales fuentes de información utilizadas son la Encuesta de Desarrollo Social de 1997 (EDS), la Encuesta de Percepción de Planes Sociales (EPPS) de 2007 y la Encuesta del International Social Survey Programme (EISSP) de 2009. Las tres encuestas contienen información retrospectiva sobre algunas características socioeconómicas de los padres de los adultos encuestados. Los resultados obtenidos muestran un incremento significativo de la movilidad intergeneracional promedio entre 1997 y 2007 pero no así entre el primer año y 2010. Sin embargo, estos cambios temporales en los niveles promedio de persistencia de ingresos entre padres e hijos no se aprecian en todos los cuantiles de la distribución del ingreso. Además, el incremento observado en el nivel promedio de MII entre 1997 y 2007 no parece haber implicado una mejora en términos de igualdad de oportunidades en Argentina.

Suggested Citation

  • Maribel Jiménez, 2016. "Movilidad Intergeneracional del Ingreso en Argentina. Un Análisis de sus Cambios Temporales desde el Enfoque de Igualdad de Oportunidades," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0203, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  • Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0203
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

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