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Movilidad intergeneracional del ingreso en un país en desarrollo: El caso de Chile

  • Javier Núñez
  • Cristina Risco

Este trabajo constituye un primer esfuerzo para determinar la magnitud de la movilidad intergeneracional de ingresos en Chile. Este concepto permite establecer el grado de vinculación que existe entre los ingresos de las personas y el status económico de sus padres en etapas comparables del ciclo de vida. Así, el concepto de movilidad intergeneracional del ingreso es considerada una buena medida del grado de igualdad de oportunidades que existe en un país; un mayor índice de movilidad intergeneracional indicaría que el origen socioeconómico de los individuos sería menos importante en determinar el conjunto de oportunidades disponibles para ellos. Este estudio entrega dos conclusiones principales. Primero, Chile exhibe un nivel particularmente bajo de movilidad intergeneracional en comparación con la evidencia internacional. De este modo, Chile no sólo exhibiría una desigual distribución de ingresos, hecho ya bien documentado, sino que también exhibiría una particularmente desigual distribución de oportunidades en el país, y un elevado grado de transmisión de la condición socioeconómica de los padres a sus hijos. Sin embargo, este trabajo sugiere también que, a pesar que la distribución el ingreso se ha mantenido relativamente estable en las últimas décadas, la movilidad intergeneracional del ingreso en Chile se ha incrementado, particularmente desde los 90s. Esta evidencia es consistente con la importante expansión de la cobertura educacional secundaria y superior, y de los años de escolaridad que ha existido en Chile en las últimas décadas.

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File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/1e400f38-ebad-4a8f-9271-13929535eb48.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp210.

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Date of creation: Dec 2004
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Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp210
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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  1. Andrade, Eduardo & Veloso, Fernando & Madalozzo, Regina & Ferreira, Sergio G, 2003. "Do Borrowing Constraints Decrease Intergenerational Mobility in Brazil? A Test Using Quantile Regression," Insper Working Papers wpe_38, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.
  2. Arellano, Manuel & Meghir, Costas, 1992. "Female Labour Supply and On-the-Job Search: An Empirical Model Estimated Using Complementary Data Sets," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(3), pages 537-59, July.
  3. Heisz, Andrew & Corak, Miles, 1998. "The Intergenerational Earnings and Income Mobility of Canadian Men: Evidence from Longitudinal Income Tax Data," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1998113e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  4. Lorraine Dearden & Stephen Machin & H Reed, 1996. "Intergenerational Mobility in Britain," CEP Discussion Papers dp0281, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  5. Ramses H. Abul Naga & Frank A Cowell, 2002. "Intergenerational Mobility in Britain: Revisiting the Prediction Approach of Dearden, Machin and Reed," STICERD - Distributional Analysis Research Programme Papers 62, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  6. Bjorklund, Anders & Jantti, Markus, 1997. "Intergenerational Income Mobility in Sweden Compared to the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(5), pages 1009-18, December.
  7. Alejandro Gaviria & Momi Dahan, 1999. "Sibling Correlations and Social Mobility in Latin America," Research Department Publications 4162, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  8. Solon, Gary, 1992. "Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(3), pages 393-408, June.
  9. repec:fth:iniesr:538 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Arnaud LEFRANC, Alain TRANNOY - & Alain TRANNOY, 2005. "Intergenerational earnings mobility in France: Is France more mobile than the U.S.?," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 78, pages 57-77.
  11. Heckman, James J. & Lochner, Lance John & Todd, Petra E., 2003. "Fifty Years of Mincer Earnings Regressions," IZA Discussion Papers 775, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Laura Chadwick & Gary Solon, 2002. "Intergenerational Income Mobility Among Daughters," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(1), pages 335-344, March.
  13. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1979. "An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1153-89, December.
  14. Andersen, Lykke Eg, 2000. "Social Mobility in Latin America," Documentos de trabajo 3/2000, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.
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