Intergenerational mobility in Britain
The nature and extent of intergenerational mobility in Britain to what extent there is a correlation between a parent's position in the income distribution and that of his or her children at similar points in the life-cycle is a topic of considerable interest for social scientists and policymakers. In this paper we examine the concept of intergenerational mobility in earnings and in lifetime or 'permanent' status, and discuss its measurement using regression and quantile transition matrix approaches. We discuss the importance of the mobility issue as it relates to inequality of welfare or opportunity, and in the context of the debate on whether the route by which intergenerational transmission occurs is social or genetic. Following this, we use longitudinal data on children and their parents to assess empirically the extent of intergenerational mobility in Britain. Based on data from the National Child Development Survey, a cohort of all individuals born in a week of March 1958, we find that the extent of intergenerational mobility is limited. We report an intergenerational correlation of the order of .40 to .60 for fathers and sons and .45 to .70 for fathers and daughters in terms of labour market earnings and years of schooling. An examination of quartile transition matrices between parental and child earnings outcomes reveals a similar pattern. Finally, it seems on the basis of these transition matrices that there is an important asymmetry in intergenerational earnings mobility, with upward mobility from the bottom of the earnings distribution being more likely than downward mobility from the top.
To our knowledge, this item is not available for
download. To find whether it is available, there are three
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
|Date of creation:||Jan 1995|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: (+44) 020 7291 4800
Fax: (+44) 020 7323 4780
Web page: http://www.ifs.org.uk
More information through EDIRC
|Order Information:|| Postal: The Institute for Fiscal Studies 7 Ridgmount Street LONDON WC1E 7AE|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ifs:ifsewp:95/20. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Stephanie Seavers)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.