Intergenerational mobility in Europe: evidence from ECHP
In this paper I provide a new evidence on cross-country comparison of intergenerational mobility using the European Community Household Panel. Although this data-set produces estimation that suffer of many potential biases, such as life cycle bias due to the young age of children, if the distortions are similar across countries, then the results can be useful and produce a better understanding of the forces that shape different societies. Comparing 12 European countries, I found that Mediterranean countries together with Portugal and Ireland are more immobile both in earnings and education. I find no relation between the income elasticity and earnings returns to human capital of a country, but public expenditure in tertiary education seems to be negatively related to income elasticity and there seems to be a positive relationship between income elasticity and the strictness of the employment protection law. Educational mobility seems to be affected by the performance of the education system measured by the proportion of students fall below given benchmarks of educational achievement, it is not affected by the pupil teacher ratio in primary and secondary schools and by the percentage of students enrolled in private schools.
|Date of creation:||01 Jan 2003|
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- Solon, Gary, 1992. "Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(3), pages 393-408, June.
- Evangelos M. Falaris & H. Elizabeth Peters, 1992. "Schooling Choices and Demographic Cycles," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(4), pages 551-574.
- Solon, Gary, 1999. "Intergenerational mobility in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 29, pages 1761-1800 Elsevier.
- Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1994.
"Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families,"
in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 257-298
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, "undated". "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 84-10, Chicago - Population Research Center.
- Zimmerman, David J, 1992. "Regression toward Mediocrity in Economic Stature," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(3), pages 409-429, June.
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