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Social Policies, Family Types and Child Outcomes in Selected OECD Countries

  • Sheila B. Kamerman
  • Michelle Neuman
  • Jane Waldfogel
  • Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
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    Child development and child well-being are major concerns in many OECD countries and are the subject of ongoing work at the OECD. These concerns have led to a search for policies to offset poverty, deprivation, vulnerability, and the risk factors that can trigger a lifelong cycle of disadvantage. It is in this context that we carried out a review of the research literature on child outcomes and of the different social policies that may affect them. The paper is organized in four parts: (1) a summary of child outcomes of concern in various OECD countries; (2) a discussion of one particular outcome, child poverty, and its negative consequences for children; (3) a summary of the research linking different family types with different outcomes; and (4) the social policies that may lead to different positive and negative outcomes. Our main conclusions from this literature review is that knowledge-building is proceeding, in particular, with regard to child poverty and the policies ... Le développement de l’enfant et son bien-être constituent, dans bon nombre de pays de l’OCDE, d’importantes préoccupations qui font l’objet de travaux suivis à l’Organisation. Le souci d’y répondre a conduit à rechercher des moyens d’action qui permettent de compenser les effets de la pauvreté, du dénuement et de la vulnérabilité, et de parer aux facteurs de risque qui peuvent fait de la vie entière une succession de difficultés. C’est dans cette optique que nous avons passé en revue les études consacrées au devenir des enfants et aux différentes politiques sociales qui peuvent influer sur lui. Ce document comprend quatre parties : (1) récapitulatif des sujets de préoccupation concernant le devenir des enfants dans différents pays de l’OCDE ; (2) examen d’une situation particulière, la pauvreté chez les enfants, et des conséquences négatives qu’elle a pour eux ; (3) résumé des travaux de recherche faisant le lien entre plusieurs types de famille et différents résultats ; (4) exposé ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 6.

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    Date of creation: 20 May 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:6-en
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