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Anatomy of Green Specialisation: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995-2015

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  • Francesco Vona

    (University of Milan, Department of Environmental Science and Policy, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) and OFCE Sciences-Po)

  • Francesco Bontadini

    (OFCE Sciences-Po, LUISS Guido Carli University and SPRU – University of Sussex)

Abstract

We study green specialisation across EU countries and detailed 4-digit industrial sectors over the period of 1995-2015 by harmonizing product-level data (PRODCOM). We propose a new list of green goods that refines lists proposed by international organizations by excluding goods with double usage. Our analysis reveals important structural characteristics of green specialisation in the manufacturing sector. First, green production is highly concentrated, with 13 out of 119 4-digit industries, which are high-tech and account for nearly 95% of the total. Second, green and polluting productions do not occur in the same sectors, and countries specialise in either green or brown sectors. Third, our econometric analysis identifies three key drivers of green specialisation: (i) first-mover advantage and high persistence of green specialisation, (ii) complementarity with non-green capabilities and (iii) the degree of diversification of green capabilities. Importantly, once we control for these drivers, environmental policies are not anymore positively associated with green specialisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Vona & Francesco Bontadini, 2022. "Anatomy of Green Specialisation: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995-2015," Working Papers 2022.14, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  • Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2022.14
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    2. Stefano Battiston & Mattia Guerini & Mauro Napoletano & Veronika Stolbova, 2018. "Financialization in the EU and its consequences," SciencePo Working papers Main hal-03606070, HAL.
    3. Speer, Jamin D., 2023. "Bye bye Ms. American Sci: Women and the leaky STEM pipeline," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 93(C).
    4. Filippo Maria D’Arcangelo & Ilai Levin & Alessia Pagani & Mauro Pisu & Åsa Johansson, 2022. "A framework to decarbonise the economy," OECD Economic Policy Papers 31, OECD Publishing.
    5. Botta, Alberto & Caverzasi, Eugenio & Russo, Alberto, 2022. "When complexity meets finance: A contribution to the study of the macroeconomic effects of complex financial systems," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(8).
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    8. Dong, Feng & Jia, Yandong & Wang, Siqing, 2022. "Speculative Bubbles and Talent Misallocation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 141(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Green goods; green specialisation; environmental policies; complementarity; path dependency;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O44 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Environment and Growth

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