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Trade in Environmental Goods: Evidences from an Analysis Using Elasticities of Trade Costs

Author

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  • Lota D. Tamini

    (Laval University
    Laval University)

  • Zakaria Sorgho

    (Laval University)

Abstract

Negotiations on the liberalization of environmental goods (EGs) and services within the WTO Doha Round (mandated in November 2001) are facing specific challenges. Conflicting interests and differing perceptions of the benefits of increased trade in EGs were reflected in different approaches proposed for determining EGs. Using import data of 34 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries and from a sample of 167 countries, from 1995 to 2012, we discuss the trade effect of reducing barriers on EGs. We analyze the lists of EGs proposed by the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and OECD using a Translog gravity model. We found that removing tariff barriers for EGs will have a modest impact because for the biggest importers and exporters, elasticities of trade costs are very low while for most trading relationships they are very high, making it difficult for exporters to maintain their markets. Overall, our results suggest that, because of their substantial effect on international trade, future negotiations on EGs should also address the issues of standards and nontariff barriers.

Suggested Citation

  • Lota D. Tamini & Zakaria Sorgho, 2018. "Trade in Environmental Goods: Evidences from an Analysis Using Elasticities of Trade Costs," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 70(1), pages 53-75, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:70:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10640-017-0110-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s10640-017-0110-2
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    Cited by:

    1. Carl Gaigné & Lota-D Tamini, 2018. "Environmental regulation and eco-industry trade: Theory and evidence from the European Union," Working Papers hal-01941269, HAL.
    2. Filippo Bontadini & Francesco Vona, 2023. "Anatomy of Green Specialisation: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995–2015," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 85(3), pages 707-740, August.
    3. Marin, Giovanni & Vona, Francesco, 2023. "Finance and the reallocation of scientific, engineering and mathematical talent," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(5).
    4. Filippo Bontadini & Francesco Vona, 2020. "Anatomy of Green Specialization: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995-2015," SciencePo Working papers Main hal-03403070, HAL.
    5. repec:hal:spmain:info:hdl:2441/6m5kss847r91no96hiublu6anu is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Natalia Zugravu-Soilita, 2019. "Trade in Environmental Goods and Air Pollution: A Mediation Analysis to Estimate Total, Direct and Indirect Effects," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 74(3), pages 1125-1162, November.
    7. Qin, Quande & Yu, Ying & Liu, Yuan & Zhou, Jianqing & Chen, Xiude, 2023. "Industrial agglomeration and energy efficiency: A new perspective from market integration," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 183(C).
    8. Xiyan Mao & Peiyu Wang, 2023. "Import–export nexus and China's emerging trade in environmental goods," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 157-181, March.
    9. Bacchetta, Marc & Bekkers, Eddy & Solleder, Jean-Marc & Tresa, Enxhi, 2023. "The potential impact of environmental goods trade liberalization on trade and emissions," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2023-05, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    10. Bacchetta, Marc & Bekkers, Eddy & Solleder, J.M. & Tresa, Enxhi, 2022. "Environmental Goods Trade Liberalization: A Quantitative Modelling Study of Trade and Emission Effects," Conference papers 333427, Purdue University, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Global Trade Analysis Project.
    11. Carl Gaigné & Lota D. Tamini, 2021. "Environmental Taxation and Import Demand for Environmental Goods: Theory and Evidence from the European Union," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 78(2), pages 307-352, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental goods; Translog; Gravity; Trade costs elasticity; Import share;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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