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Exploring the intensive and extensive margins of world trade

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  • Felbermayr, Gabriel
  • Kohler, Wilhelm K.

Abstract

World trade evolves at two margins. Where a bilateral trading relationship already exists it may increase through time (intensive margin). But trade may also increase if a trading bilateral relationship is newly established between countries that have not traded with each other in the past (extensive margin). We provide an empirical dissection of post-World War II growth in manufacturing world trade along these two margins. We propose a "corner-solutions version" of the gravity model to explain movements on both margins. A Tobit estimation of this model resolves the so-called "distance puzzle". It also finds more convincing evidence than recent literature that WTO-membership enhances trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Felbermayr, Gabriel & Kohler, Wilhelm K., 2006. "Exploring the intensive and extensive margins of world trade," Munich Reprints in Economics 20610, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lmu:muenar:20610
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • D50 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - General
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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