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Gravity redux: measuring international trade costs with panel data

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  • Novy, Dennis

Abstract

Barriers to international trade are known to be large but due to data limitations it is hard to measure them directly for a large number of countries over many years. To address this problem I derive a micro-founded measure of bilateral trade costs that indirectly infers trade frictions from observable trade data. I show that this trade cost measure is consistent with a broad range of leading trade theories including Ricardian and heterogeneous firms models. In an application I show that U.S. trade costs with major trading partners declined on average by about 40 percent between 1970 and 2000, with Mexico and Canada experiencing the biggest reductions.

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  • Novy, Dennis, 2012. "Gravity redux: measuring international trade costs with panel data," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 121749, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:121749
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    trade costs; gravity; multilateral resistance; Ricardian trade; heterogeneous firms;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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