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Trade Theory with Numbers: Quantifying the Consequences of Globalization

  • Arnaud Costinot
  • Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

We review a recent body of theoretical work that aims to put numbers on the consequences of globalization. A unifying theme of our survey is methodological. We rely on gravity models and demonstrate how they can be used for counterfactual analysis. We highlight how various economic considerations--market structure, firm-level heterogeneity, multiple sectors, intermediate goods, and multiple factors of production--affect the magnitude of the gains from trade liberalization. We conclude by discussing a number of outstanding issues in the literature as well as alternative approaches for quantifying the consequences of globalization.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 18896.

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Date of creation: Mar 2013
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18896
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