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The Gravity Model

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  • James E. Anderson

    () (Department of Economics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467, and NBER, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138)

Abstract

Gravity has long been one of the most successful empirical models in economics. Incorporating deeper theoretical foundations of gravity into recent practice has led to a richer and more accurate estimation and interpretation of the spatial relations described by gravity. Wider acceptance has followed. Recent developments are reviewed here, and suggestions are made for promising future research.

Suggested Citation

  • James E. Anderson, 2011. "The Gravity Model," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 3(1), pages 133-160, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:anr:reveco:v:3:y:2011:p:133-160
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    File URL: http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-economics-111809-125114
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    incidence; multilateral resistance; trade costs; migration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General

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