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The Elusive Pro-Competitive Effects of Trade

Listed author(s):
  • Costas Arkolakis
  • Arnaud Costinot
  • Dave Donaldson
  • Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

We study the gains from trade liberalization in models with monopolistic competition, firm-level heterogeneity, and variable markups. For a large class of demand functions used in the international macro and trade literature, we derive a parsimonious generalization of the welfare formula in Arkolakis, Costinot, and Rodríguez-Clare (2012). We then use micro-level trade data to quantify the implications of this new formula. Our main finding is that gains from trade liberalization predicted by models with variable markups are slightly lower than those predicted by models with constant markups. In this sense, pro-competitive effects of trade are elusive.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 21370.

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Date of creation: Jul 2015
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:21370
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  34. repec:pri:cepsud:231deloecker is not listed on IDEAS
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