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Firm Heterogeneity, Variable Markups, and Multinational Production: A Review from Trade Policy Perspective

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  • Ziran Ding

    (Bank of Lithuania, Kaunas University of Technology)

Abstract

This paper surveys the main ingredients and results of heterogeneous firms trade policy literature that has been developing since the early 2000s. First, I present the stylized facts regarding firm heterogeneity, firmlevel markups, and multinational production’s global structure. I then survey the trade policy papers that build on the workhorse model of firm heterogeneity. Third, I summarize the recent development of theoretical approaches of modeling the firm-level markups and its trade policy implication. Fourth, I discuss the theoretical frameworks that incorporate multinational production into heterogeneous firms’ framework and their trade policy implication. Finally, I discuss directions for future research and offer suggestions for further readings.

Suggested Citation

  • Ziran Ding, 2021. "Firm Heterogeneity, Variable Markups, and Multinational Production: A Review from Trade Policy Perspective," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 92, Bank of Lithuania.
  • Handle: RePEc:lie:wpaper:92
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade policy; Firm heterogeneity; Variable markups; Multinational production.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F60 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - General

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